URANTIA RAAMAT - 171. Kiri. Teel Jeruusalemma

(UF-EST-001-2010-1)

URANTIA RAAMAT   

IV OSA: Jeesuse elu ja Õpetused



171. Kiri. Teel Jeruusalemma

Paper 171 : On the Way to Jerusalem

PÄEV pärast mälestusväärset jutlust taevariigist teatas Jeesus, et asub homme koos apostlitega teele, sest tahab jõuda paasapühaks Jeruusalemma ja külastada teel arvukaid Lõuna-Perea linnu.

171:0.1 (1867.1) THE day after the memorable sermon on “The Kingdom of Heaven,” Jesus announced that on the following day he and the apostles would depart for the Passover at Jerusalem, visiting numerous cities in southern Perea on the way.

Esinemine taevariigi teemal ja teade, et ta kavatseb minna paasapühapidustustele, pani kõiki tema pooldajaid arvama, et ta läheb Jeruusalemma juutide ajalikku kuningriiki sisse juhatama. Ükskõik mida Jeesus taevariigi mitteainelisest olemusest ka ei rääkinud, ei suutnud ta oma juutidest kuulajate meelest eemale tõrjuda mõtet, et messias seab sisse mingisuguse oma rahva valitsuskorra, mille keskus on Jeruusalemmas.

171:0.2 (1867.2) The address on the kingdom and the announcement that he was going to the Passover set all his followers to thinking that he was going up to Jerusalem to inaugurate the temporal kingdom of Jewish supremacy. No matter what Jesus said about the nonmaterial character of the kingdom, he could not wholly remove from the minds of his Jewish hearers the idea that the Messiah was to establish some kind of nationalistic government with headquarters at Jerusalem.

Jeesuse sabati ajal peetud jutlus viis enamiku ta poolehoidjatest vaid veel enam segadusse, sest tema jutt oli valgustav vaid väga vähestele. Juhid said üht-teist aru tema õpetustest sisemise taevariigi, „teie sees oleva taevariigi” kohta, ent nad teadsid, et ta oli rääkinud ka ühest teisest, tulevasest taevariigist, ning uskusid, et ta läheb just nüüd Jeruusalemma seda rajama. Kui nad oma ootustes pettuma pidid, kuna juudid Jeesuse tagasi lükkasid ja hiljem Jeruusalemm peaaegu hävitati, klammerdusid nad ikka veel selle lootuse külge, uskudes siiralt, et Meister pöördub peagi maailma tagasi suure väe ja majesteetliku auhiilgusega tõotatud taevariiki rajama.

171:0.3 (1867.3) What Jesus said in his Sabbath sermon only tended to confuse the majority of his followers; very few were enlightened by the Master’s discourse. The leaders understood something of his teachings regarding the inner kingdom, “the kingdom of heaven within you,” but they also knew that he had spoken about another and future kingdom, and it was this kingdom they believed he was now going up to Jerusalem to establish. When they were disappointed in this expectation, when he was rejected by the Jews, and later on, when Jerusalem was literally destroyed, they still clung to this hope, sincerely believing that the Master would soon return to the world in great power and majestic glory to establish the promised kingdom.

Tol pühapäeva õhtupoolikul tuli Jaakobus ja Johannes Sebedeuse ema Saloome koos oma kahe apostlist pojaga Jeesuse juurde ja püüdis, lähenedes talle nagu mõnele idamaa võimukandjale, saada Jeesuselt juba ette lubadust täita palve, mille ta kavatses Meistrile esitada. Meister aga ei tahtnud midagi lubada, vaid küsis naiselt: „Mida sa tahad, et ma sinu heaks teeksin?” Saloome vastas: „Meister, nüüd, mil sa lähed Jeruusalemma kuningriiki rajama, palun sinult juba ette tõotust, et sa annad minu poegadele enda juures auväärsed kohad, nii et üks istuks sinu kuningriigis su paremal ja teine vasakul käel.”

171:0.4 (1867.4) It was on this Sunday afternoon that Salome the mother of James and John Zebedee came to Jesus with her two apostle sons and, in the manner of approaching an Oriental potentate, sought to have Jesus promise in advance to grant whatever request she might make. But the Master would not promise; instead, he asked her, “What do you want me to do for you?” Then answered Salome: “Master, now that you are going up to Jerusalem to establish the kingdom, I would ask you in advance to promise me that these my sons shall have honor with you, the one to sit on your right hand and the other to sit on your left hand in your kingdom.”

Kui Jeesus Saloome palvet kuulis, ütles ta: „Naine, sa ei tea, mida sa palud.” Ning vaadates seejärel kahele au taotlevale apostlile otse silma, ütles ta: „Ma tunnen ja armastan teid juba ammu; ma olen isegi elanud teie ema majas; Andreas on teinud teile ülesandeks alati minu juures olla, seepärast lubasite oma emal salaja minu juurde tulla ja selle näotu palve esitada. Aga ma küsin teilt, kas te olete valmis jooma sellest karikast, millest mina peagi joon.” Ja Jaakobus ja Johannes vastasid hetkegi mõtlemata: „Jah, Meister, oleme.” Jeesus ütles: „Mind kurvastab, et te ei teadnud, miks me Jeruusalemma läheme; olen kurb, et te ei saa minu taevariigi olemusest aru; olen pettunud, et te tõite oma ema seda minult paluma; ent ma tean, et oma südames te armastate mind. Seepärast teatan teile, et te joote tõepoolest minu kibedast karikast ja saate osa minu alandusest, ent kohad minu paremal ja vasakul käel ei ole minu anda. See au on jäetud neile, kelle on ametisse määranud minu Isa.”

171:0.5 (1867.5) When Jesus heard Salome’s request, he said: “Woman, you know not what you ask.” And then, looking straight into the eyes of the two honor-seeking apostles, he said: “Because I have long known and loved you; because I have even lived in your mother’s house; because Andrew has assigned you to be with me at all times; therefore do you permit your mother to come to me secretly, making this unseemly request. But let me ask you: Are you able to drink the cup I am about to drink?” And without a moment for thought, James and John answered, “Yes, Master, we are able.” Said Jesus: “I am saddened that you know not why we go up to Jerusalem; I am grieved that you understand not the nature of my kingdom; I am disappointed that you bring your mother to make this request of me; but I know you love me in your hearts; therefore I declare that you shall indeed drink of my cup of bitterness and share in my humiliation, but to sit on my right hand and on my left hand is not mine to give. Such honors are reserved for those who have been designated by my Father.”

Selleks ajaks oli keegi tolle vestluse kohta ka Peetrusele ja teistele apostlitele sõna saatnud ning nad olid äärmiselt nördinud, et Jaakobus ja Johannes olid taotlenud enda eelistamist neile ning läinud salaja oma emaga niisugust palvet esitama. Kui nad omavahel vaidlema hakkasid, kutsus Jeesus nad kõik kokku ja ütles: „Te saate väga hästi aru, kuidas paganate juhid oma alamaid valitsevad ja vägevad oma võimu kasutavad. Ent taevariigis on kõik teisiti. See, kes soovib teie seas suur olla, peab kõigepealt teiste teenijaks hakkama. See, kes soovib taevariigis esimene olla, peab teiste eest hoolt kandma. Ma kuulutan teile, et Inimese Poeg pole tulnud mitte selleks, et tema eest hoolt kantaks, vaid ta on tulnud ise hoolt kandma; ja nüüd lähen ma Jeruusalemma, et Isa tahet täites ja oma vendi teenides elu anda.” Neid sõnu kuuldes eemaldusid apostlid palvetama. Jaakobus ja Johannes vabandasid tol õhtul pärast Peetruse selgitustööd ülejäänud kümne ees ja vennad andsid neile andeks.

171:0.6 (1868.1) By this time someone had carried word of this conference to Peter and the other apostles, and they were highly indignant that James and John would seek to be preferred before them, and that they would secretly go with their mother to make such a request. When they fell to arguing among themselves, Jesus called them all together and said: “You well understand how the rulers of the gentiles lord it over their subjects, and how those who are great exercise authority. But it shall not be so in the kingdom of heaven. Whosoever would be great among you, let him first become your servant. He who would be first in the kingdom, let him become your minister. I declare to you that the Son of Man came not to be ministered to but to minister; and I now go up to Jerusalem to lay down my life in the doing of the Father’s will and in the service of my brethren.” When the apostles heard these words, they withdrew by themselves to pray. That evening, in response to the labors of Peter, James and John made suitable apologies to the ten and were restored to the good graces of their brethren.

Paludes endale kohti Jeruusalemmas Jeesuse paremal ja vasakul käel, ei osanud Sebedeuse pojad aimatagi, et nende armastatud õpetaja ripub juba vähem kui kuu aja pärast Rooma ristil, ühel pool surev röövel ja teisel pool samuti keegi kurjategija. Ning nende ema, kes ristilöömise tunnistajaks sai, mäletas hästi rumalat palvet, mille ta oli esitanud Jeesusele Pellas, et tema apostlitest pojad auväärsed kohad saaksid.

171:0.7 (1868.2) In asking for places on the right hand and on the left hand of Jesus at Jerusalem, the sons of Zebedee little realized that in less than one month their beloved teacher would be hanging on a Roman cross with a dying thief on one side and another transgressor on the other side. And their mother, who was present at the crucifixion, well remembered the foolish request she had made of Jesus at Pella regarding the honors she so unwisely sought for her apostle sons.

1. Lahkumine Pellast

1. The Departure from Pella

Esmaspäeva, 13. märtsi ennelõunal lahkus Jeesus koos kaheteistkümne apostliga lõplikult Pella laagrist, asudes teele lõuna poole Lõuna-Perea linnadesse, kus töötasid Abneri kaaslased. Nad veetsid seitsetkümmet külastades enam kui kaks nädalat ja läksid siis paasapühaks otse Jeruusalemma.

171:1.1 (1868.3) On the forenoon of Monday, March 13, Jesus and his twelve apostles took final leave of the Pella encampment, starting south on their tour of the cities of southern Perea, where Abner’s associates were at work. They spent more than two weeks visiting among the seventy and then went directly to Jerusalem for the Passover.

Kui Meister Pellast lahkus, järgnes talle ligikaudu tuhat jüngrit, kes olid apostlitega koos laagris elanud. Kuulnud tema kavatsusest minna Hesbonisse ja kuulanud tema jutlust „Kulude arvestusest”, jättis umbes pool sellest rühmast teel Jeerikosse Jordani koolmekohal ta maha. Nad läksid edasi Jeruusalemma, ülejäänud pool aga järgnes talle kahe nädala jooksul läbi Lõuna-Perea linnade.

171:1.2 (1868.4) When the Master left Pella, the disciples encamped with the apostles, about one thousand in number, followed after him. About one half of this group left him at the Jordan ford on the road to Jericho when they learned he was going over to Heshbon, and after he had preached the sermon on “Counting the Cost.” They went on up to Jerusalem, while the other half followed him for two weeks, visiting the towns in southern Perea.

Enamik Jeesuse otsestest poolehoidjatest sai üldiselt aru, et Pella laager jäeti maha, aga nad seletasid seda sellega, et Meister kavatseb minna lõpuks ometi Jeruusalemma Taaveti trooni nõutama. Enamik tema poolehoidjatest ei suutnudki mõista muud taevariigikäsitust: ükskõik mida ta neile ka ei õpetanud, ei loobunud nad juutide taevariigiideest.

171:1.3 (1868.5) In a general way, most of Jesus’ immediate followers understood that the camp at Pella had been abandoned, but they really thought this indicated that their Master at last intended to go to Jerusalem and lay claim to David’s throne. A large majority of his followers never were able to grasp any other concept of the kingdom of heaven; no matter what he taught them, they would not give up this Jewish idea of the kingdom.

Taavet Sebedeus sulges apostel Andrease korraldusel kolmapäeval, 15. märtsil Pella laagri. Tol ajal elas seal ligikaudu neli tuhat külastajat, arvestamata veel tuhandet või enamat inimest, kes elasid koos apostlitega niinimetatud õpetajate laagris ja olid koos Jeesuse ja kaheteistkümnega lõunasse siirdunud. Kui vastumeelne see Taavetile ka polnud, müüs ta kogu varustuse arvukatele ostjatele ja suundus saadud rahaga Jeruusalemma, kus andis selle hiljem üle Juudas Iskariotile.

171:1.4 (1868.6) Acting on the instructions of the Apostle Andrew, David Zebedee closed the visitors’ camp at Pella on Wednesday, March 15. At this time almost four thousand visitors were in residence, and this does not include the one thousand and more persons who sojourned with the apostles at what was known as the teachers’ camp, and who went south with Jesus and the twelve. Much as David disliked to do it, he sold the entire equipment to numerous buyers and proceeded with the funds to Jerusalem, subsequently turning the money over to Judas Iscariot.

Taavet oli Jeruusalemmas ka traagilisel viimasel nädalal ja viis oma ema pärast Jeesuse ristilöömist Betsaidasse tagasi. Taavet peatus Jeesust ja apostleid oodates Laatsaruse juures Betaanias ja teda ärritas tohutult, mil viisil variserid olid hakanud Laatsarust pärast tema elluäratamist taga kiusama ning ründama. Andreas oli käskinud Taavetil sõnumitoomisteenistuse lõpetada ja kõik tõlgendasid seda kui märki taevariigi peatsest rajamisest Jeruusalemmas. Taavet jäi nüüd tööta ja oli juba peaaegu otsustanud hakata omal algatusel Laatsaruse nördinud kaitsjaks, kui tema hoolealune peagi kiiruga Filadelfiasse põgenes. Nii siirdus ka Taavet ise Filadelfiasse, aidanud enne Martal ja Maarjal nende kinnisvara ära müüa, ning seal veetis ta koos Abneri ja Laatsarusega kogu ülejäänud elu, võttes oma finantsjuhtimise alla kõik need taevariigi suured omandid, mis Abneri eluajal Filadelfiasse olid koondunud.

171:1.5 (1869.1) David was present in Jerusalem during the tragic last week, taking his mother back with him to Bethsaida after the crucifixion. While awaiting Jesus and the apostles, David stopped with Lazarus at Bethany and became tremendously agitated by the manner in which the Pharisees had begun to persecute and harass him since his resurrection. Andrew had directed David to discontinue the messenger service; and this was construed by all as an indication of the early establishment of the kingdom at Jerusalem. David found himself without a job, and he had about decided to become the self-appointed defender of Lazarus when presently the object of his indignant solicitude fled in haste to Philadelphia. Accordingly, sometime after the resurrection and also after the death of his mother, David betook himself to Philadelphia, having first assisted Martha and Mary in disposing of their real estate; and there, in association with Abner and Lazarus, he spent the remainder of his life, becoming the financial overseer of all those large interests of the kingdom which had their center at Philadelphia during the lifetime of Abner.

Veidi pärast Jeruusalemma hävingut sai Pauluse ristiusu keskuseks Antiookia, Filadelfia jäi aga Abneri taevariigi keskuseks. Antiookiast levis Pauluse versioon Jeesuse õpetustest ja Jeesusest üle kogu läänemaailma; Filadelfiast levitasid misjonärid taevariigi Abneri versiooni üle kogu Mesopotaamia ja Araabia kuni hilisema ajani, mil need Jeesuse õpetuste kompromissitud saadikud jäid alla islami äkilisele tõusule.

171:1.6 (1869.2) Within a short time after the destruction of Jerusalem, Antioch became the headquarters of Pauline Christianity, while Philadelphia remained the center of the Abnerian kingdom of heaven. From Antioch the Pauline version of the teachings of Jesus and about Jesus spread to all the Western world; from Philadelphia the missionaries of the Abnerian version of the kingdom of heaven spread throughout Mesopotamia and Arabia until the later times when these uncompromising emissaries of the teachings of Jesus were overwhelmed by the sudden rise of Islam.

2. Kulude arvestamisest

2. On Counting the Cost

Kui Jeesus peaaegu tuhandest poolehoidjast saadetuna Jordani jõe Betaania ehk teise nimega Betabara koolmekohale jõudis, hakkasid jüngrid aru saama, et ta ei kavatse minna otse Jeruusalemma. Sel ajal kui nad kõhklesid ja omavahel vaidlesid, ronis Jeesus tohutule kivile ja kõneles teemal „Kulude arvestamisest”, nagu seda jutlust hiljem nimetama hakati. Meister ütles:

171:2.1 (1869.3) When Jesus and the company of almost one thousand followers arrived at the Bethany ford of the Jordan sometimes called Bethabara, his disciples began to realize that he was not going directly to Jerusalem. While they hesitated and debated among themselves, Jesus climbed upon a huge stone and delivered that discourse which has become known as “Counting the Cost.” The Master said:

„Kui te tahate ikka veel mulle järgneda, peate olema nõus maksma selle eest, et te kogu südamest pühendute minu Isa tahte täitmisele. Kui tahate minu jüngrid olla, peate olema valmis hülgama oma isa, ema, naise, lapsed, vennad ja õed. Kui keegi teist tahab nüüd veel minu jünger olla, peab ta olema valmis loobuma isegi oma elust, nii nagu Inimese Poeg ohverdab peagi oma elu Isa tahte täitmise missiooni lõpuleviimiseks inimesena maa peal.

171:2.2 (1869.4) “You who would follow after me from this time on, must be willing to pay the price of wholehearted dedication to the doing of my Father’s will. If you would be my disciples, you must be willing to forsake father, mother, wife, children, brothers, and sisters. If any one of you would now be my disciple, you must be willing to give up even your life just as the Son of Man is about to offer up his life for the completion of the mission of doing the Father’s will on earth and in the flesh.

Kui te pole nõus täit hinda maksma, võite vaevalt küll minu jüngriks jääda. Enne kui te edasi lähete, peaksite korraks istuma ja arvestama kokku minu jüngriks olemise kulud. Kes teist võtaks ette vahitorni ehitamise oma maadele, ilma et ta oleks enne istunud ja kulud kokku arvestanud, et näha, kas tal on töö lõpuleviimiseks piisavalt raha? Kui te ei arvesta pärast vundamendi rajamist kulusid, võite avastada, et te ei saa alustatut lõpule viia, ja kõik teie naabrid hakkavad teid pilkama, öeldes: „Näe, see mees alustas ehitamist, aga ei suutnud oma tööd lõpule viia.” Ning samuti, missugune kuningas, valmistudes teise kuningaga sõdima, ei istuks kõigepealt ega arutleks, kas ta suudaks kümne tuhande mehega vastu astuda sellele, kes ründab teda kahekümne tuhandega? Kui kuningas ei ole oma vaenlasele vastu astumiseks valmis, saadab ta teise kuninga juurde, ükskõik kui kaugel too ka ei oleks, oma saadiku, et küsida, missugustel tingimustel võiks rahu sõlmida.

171:2.3 (1869.5) “If you are not willing to pay the full price, you can hardly be my disciple. Before you go further, you should each sit down and count the cost of being my disciple. Which one of you would undertake to build a watchtower on your lands without first sitting down to count up the cost to see whether you had money enough to complete it? If you fail thus to reckon the cost, after you have laid the foundation, you may discover that you are unable to finish that which you have begun, and therefore will all your neighbors mock you, saying, ‘Behold, this man began to build but was unable to finish his work.’ Again, what king, when he prepares to make war upon another king, does not first sit down and take counsel as to whether he will be able, with ten thousand men, to meet him who comes against him with twenty thousand? If the king cannot afford to meet his enemy because he is unprepared, he sends an embassy to this other king, even when he is yet a great way off, asking for terms of peace.

Nüüd peab igaüks teist maha istuma ja lugema kokku minu jüngriks olemise kulud. Nüüdsest ei saa te enam meile järgneda, kuulates õpetusi ja vaadates meie tegusid, vaid peate taluma kibedat tagakiusamist ja raskeid pettumusi, kui tunnistate seda evangeeliumi. Kui te pole nõus lahti ütlema sellest, kes te olete, ja pühendama sellele üritusele kõike, mis teil on, pole te väärt olema minu jüngrid. Kui olete endast oma südames juba võitu saanud, ei pea te kartma seda välist võitu, mille ülempreestrid ja saduserid saavutavad, kui Inimese Poja tagasi lükkavad ja ta pilkavate uskmatute kätte annavad.

171:2.4 (1879.1) “Now, then, must each of you sit down and count the cost of being my disciple. From now on you will not be able to follow after us, listening to the teaching and beholding the works; you will be required to face bitter persecutions and to bear witness for this gospel in the face of crushing disappointment. If you are unwilling to renounce all that you are and to dedicate all that you have, then are you unworthy to be my disciple. If you have already conquered yourself within your own heart, you need have no fear of that outward victory which you must presently gain when the Son of Man is rejected by the chief priests and the Sadducees and is given into the hands of mocking unbelievers.

Nüüd peaksite end uurima ja leidma põhjuse, miks te olete minu jüngrid. Kui otsite au ja hiilgust, kui olete ilmalikult meelestatud, olete nagu maitse kaotanud sool. Ja millega maitsestada seda, mida hinnatakse tema soolakuse pärast, kuid mis on oma maitse kaotanud? Niisugune vürts on kasutu, see sobib vaid prügi hulka visata. Nüüd olen ma teid hoiatanud, et te pöörduksite rahus oma kodudesse tagasi, kui te pole valmis koos minuga seda karikat tühjaks jooma, mida minu jaoks parasjagu täidetakse. Olen teile ikka ja jälle öelnud, et minu taevariik ei ole sellest maailmast, aga te ei usu mind. Kuulgu minu juttu see, kellel on kõrvad, et kuulda.”

171:2.5 (1879.2) “Now should you examine yourself to find out your motive for being my disciple. If you seek honor and glory, if you are worldly minded, you are like the salt when it has lost its savor. And when that which is valued for its saltiness has lost its savor, wherewith shall it be seasoned? Such a condiment is useless; it is fit only to be cast out among the refuse. Now have I warned you to turn back to your homes in peace if you are not willing to drink with me the cup which is being prepared. Again and again have I told you that my kingdom is not of this world, but you will not believe me. He who has ears to hear let him hear what I say.”

Kohe pärast nende sõnade ütlemist asus Jeesus kaheteistkümne eesotsas teele Hesboni ja talle järgnes ligikaudu viissada inimest. Teine pool rahvahulgast läks pärast lühikest viivitust Jeruusalemma. Apostlid koos juhtivate jüngritega mõtlesid nende sõnade üle sügavalt järele, kuid klammerdusid siiski usu külge, et pärast seda lühikest õnnetut katsumusteperioodi rajatakse taevariik veel kindlasti mingil määral vastavalt nende kauahellitatud lootustele.

171:2.6 (1879.3) Immediately after speaking these words, Jesus, leading the twelve, started off on the way to Heshbon, followed by about five hundred. After a brief delay the other half of the multitude went on up to Jerusalem. His apostles, together with the leading disciples, thought much about these words, but still they clung to the belief that, after this brief period of adversity and trial, the kingdom would certainly be set up somewhat in accordance with their long-cherished hopes.

3. Reis Pereasse

3. The Perean Tour

Jeesus ja kaksteist apostlit, saadetuna mitmesajast jüngrist, liikusid Lõuna-Pereas ringi, külastades kõiki linnu, kus seitsekümmend jutlustajat töötasid. Selles piirkonnas elas palju paganaid ning et vaid vähesed neist läksid paasapühaks Jeruusalemma, jätkasid taevariigi sõnumitoojad oma õpetamis- ja jutlustamistööd.

171:3.1 (1870.4) For more than two weeks Jesus and the twelve, followed by a crowd of several hundred disciples, journeyed about in southern Perea, visiting all of the towns wherein the seventy labored. Many gentiles lived in this region, and since few were going up to the Passover feast at Jerusalem, the messengers of the kingdom went right on with their work of teaching and preaching.

Jeesus kohtas Hesbonis Abnerit ja Andreas andis seitsmekümnele korralduse paasapühapidustuste ajaks tööd mitte katkestada: Jeesus soovitas sõnumitoojatel jätkata oma tööd olenemata sellest, mis iganes Jeruusalemmas ka ei juhtuks. Ta andis Abnerile nõu lubada naiskorpusel paasapühaks Jeruusalemma minna, vähemalt neil, kes seda soovivad. Ning see oli viimane kord, mil Abner Jeesust inimesena nägi. Tema hüvastijätusõnad Abnerile olid: „Mu poeg, ma tean, et sa jääd taevariigile ustavaks, ja ma palun Isa, et ta annaks sulle tarkust armastada oma vendi ja neist aru saada.”

171:3.2 (1870.5) Jesus met Abner at Heshbon, and Andrew directed that the labors of the seventy should not be interrupted by the Passover feast; Jesus advised that the messengers should go forward with their work in complete disregard of what was about to happen at Jerusalem. He also counseled Abner to permit the women’s corps, at least such as desired, to go to Jerusalem for the Passover. And this was the last time Abner ever saw Jesus in the flesh. His farewell to Abner was: “My son, I know you will be true to the kingdom, and I pray the Father to grant you wisdom that you may love and understand your brethren.”

Linnast linna rännates olid paljud poolehoidjad neid maha jätnud ja Jeruusalemma läinud, nii et selleks ajaks, kui Jeesus hakkas paasapühale minema, oli talle järgnejate arv kahanenud alla kahesaja.

171:3.3 (1870.6) As they traveled from city to city, large numbers of their followers deserted to go on to Jerusalem so that, by the time Jesus started for the Passover, the number of those who followed along with him day by day had dwindled to less than two hundred.

Apostlid said aru, et Jeesus läheb paasapühaks Jeruusalemma. Nad teadsid, et Suurkohus on levitanud kogu Iisraelis sõnumit Jeesuse surmamõistmise kohta ja käskinud kõigil, kes tema asukohta teavad, Suurkohut teavitada. Kuid hoolimata kõigest sellest polnud nad siiski nii suures ärevuses kui tookord, mil Jeesus oli neile Filadelfias teatanud, et kavatseb minna Betaaniasse Laatsarust vaatama. See suhtumise muutus tugevast hirmust tasase ootuse seisundini tulenes põhiliselt Laatsaruse elluäratamisest. Nad olid jõudnud järeldusele, et Jeesus võib hädaolukorda sattudes oma jumaliku võimu maksma panna ja oma vaenlasi häbistada. Selle lootuse ning sügavama ja küpsema usu tõttu oma Meistri vaimsesse võimu ilmutasidki ta lähemad pooldajad välist julgust ja järgnesid nüüd talle Jeruusalemma, hoolimata Suurkohtu avalikust teatest, et Jeesus peab surema.

171:3.4 (1871.1) The apostles understood that Jesus was going to Jerusalem for the Passover. They knew that the Sanhedrin had broadcast a message to all Israel that he had been condemned to die and directing that anyone knowing his whereabouts should inform the Sanhedrin; and yet, despite all this, they were not so alarmed as they had been when he had announced to them in Philadelphia that he was going to Bethany to see Lazarus. This change of attitude from that of intense fear to a state of hushed expectancy was mostly because of Lazarus’s resurrection. They had reached the conclusion that Jesus might, in an emergency, assert his divine power and put to shame his enemies. This hope, coupled with their more profound and mature faith in the spiritual supremacy of their Master, accounted for the outward courage displayed by his immediate followers, who now made ready to follow him into Jerusalem in the very face of the open declaration of the Sanhedrin that he must die.

Enamik apostleid ja paljud Jeesuse lähemad jüngrid ei pidanud ta surma võimalikuks. Uskudes, et ta on „ülestõusmine ja elu”, arvasid nad, et ta on surematu ja surma üle juba võidu saavutanud.

171:3.5 (1871.2) The majority of the apostles and many of his inner disciples did not believe it possible for Jesus to die; they, believing that he was “the resurrection and the life,” regarded him as immortal and already triumphant over death.

4. Õpetamine Liviases

4. Teaching at Livias

Kolmapäeva, 29. märtsi õhtul jäi Jeesus, lõpetanud Lõuna-Perea linnade külastamise, oma poolehoidjatega Liviases laagrisse. Seloot Siimon ja Siimon Peetrus olid lasknud salaja sellesse paika toimetada üle saja mõõga ning tol õhtul Liviases võtsid nad relvad vastu ja jagasid välja kõigile, kes tahtsid neid salaja oma rüü all kanda. Siimon Peetrus kandis oma mõõka ka tol õhtul, mil ta Meistri reetis.

171:4.1 (1871.3) On Wednesday evening, March 29, Jesus and his followers encamped at Livias on their way to Jerusalem, after having completed their tour of the cities of southern Perea. It was during this night at Livias that Simon Zelotes and Simon Peter, having conspired to have delivered into their hands at this place more than one hundred swords, received and distributed these arms to all who would accept them and wear them concealed beneath their cloaks. Simon Peter was still wearing his sword on the night of the Master’s betrayal in the garden.

Neljapäeva varahommikul, enne teiste ärkamist, kutsus Jeesus Andrease ja ütles: „ärata oma vennad! Mul on neile midagi öelda.” Jeesus teadis mõõkadest, samuti seda, kes apostlitest oli relva saanud ja seda kandis, ent ta ei avaldanud neile kunagi, et ta sääraseid asju teab. Kui Andreas oli oma kaaslased äratanud ja nad olid teistest eemale kogunenud, ütles Jeesus: „Mu lapsed, te olete kaua minuga olnud ja ma olen õpetanud teile paljut, mida teil nüüd tarvis läheb, ent ma hoiatan teid, et te ei usaldaks meie ees seisvate katsumuste ajal ebakindlat lihalikku loomust ja inimlikke nõrkusi. Kutsusin teid siia omavahelisele vestlusele ütlemaks teile viimaks otse, et me läheme Jeruusalemma, kus Inimese Poeg on teatavasti juba surma mõistetud. Ma ütlen teile taas, et Inimese Poeg antakse ülempreestrite ja usujuhtide kätte, kes mõistavad ta süüdi ja annavad siis paganate kätte. Ning nad pilkavad Inimese Poega, isegi sülitavad tema peale ja piitsutavad teda ning saadavad ta surma. Kuid ärge kohkuge, kui nad Inimese Poja tapavad, sest ma teatan teile, et ta tõuseb kolmandal päeval üles. Olge ettevaatlikud ja pidage meeles, et ma olen teid hoiatanud.”

171:4.2 (1871.4) Early on Thursday morning before the others were awake, Jesus called Andrew and said: “Awaken your brethren! I have something to say to them.” Jesus knew about the swords and which of his apostles had received and were wearing these weapons, but he never disclosed to them that he knew such things. When Andrew had aroused his associates, and they had assembled off by themselves, Jesus said: “My children, you have been with me a long while, and I have taught you much that is needful for this time, but I would now warn you not to put your trust in the uncertainties of the flesh nor in the frailties of man’s defense against the trials and testing which lie ahead of us. I have called you apart here by yourselves that I may once more plainly tell you that we are going up to Jerusalem, where you know the Son of Man has already been condemned to death. Again am I telling you that the Son of Man will be delivered into the hands of the chief priests and the religious rulers; that they will condemn him and then deliver him into the hands of the gentiles. And so will they mock the Son of Man, even spit upon him and scourge him, and they will deliver him up to death. And when they kill the Son of Man, be not dismayed, for I declare that on the third day he shall rise. Take heed to yourselves and remember that I have forewarned you.”

Apostlid olid taas hämmastunud ja jahmunud, ent nad ei suutnud tema juttu sõna-sõnalt võtta, sest nad ei saanud aru, et Meister mõtles just seda, mida ütles. Nad olid nii pimestatud oma vankumatust usust ajalikku maapealsesse kuningriiki keskusega Jeruusalemmas, et lihtsalt ei suutnud — ei tahtnud — Jeesuse öeldut sõna-sõnalt võtta. Nad mõtisklesid kogu päeva, mida need Meistri iseäralikud ütlused võisid tähendada. Ent keegi neist ei söandanud temalt nende kohta midagi küsida. Segaduses apostlid mõistsid alles pärast Meistri surma, et ta oli rääkinud neile otse ja sõnaselgelt oma eelseisvast ristilöömisest.

171:4.3 (1871.5) Again were the apostles amazed, stunned; but they could not bring themselves to regard his words as literal; they could not comprehend that the Master meant just what he said. They were so blinded by their persistent belief in the temporal kingdom on earth, with headquarters at Jerusalem, that they simply could not — would not — permit themselves to accept Jesus’ words as literal. They pondered all that day as to what the Master could mean by such strange pronouncements. But none of them dared to ask him a question concerning these statements. Not until after his death did these bewildered apostles wake up to the realization that the Master had spoken to them plainly and directly in anticipation of his crucifixion.

Siin Liviases tulid mõned sõbralikud variserid pärast hommikusööki Jeesuse juurde ja ütlesid: „Põgene siit kiiresti, sest Herodes soovib sind tappa, nagu ta tappis ka Johannese. Ta kardab rahva ülestõusu ja on otsustanud su surmata. Toome sulle selle hoiatuse, et sa saaksid põgeneda.”

171:4.4 (1872.1) It was here at Livias, just after breakfast, that certain friendly Pharisees came to Jesus and said: “Flee in haste from these parts, for Herod, just as he sought John, now seeks to kill you. He fears an uprising of the people and has decided to kill you. We bring you this warning that you may escape.”

Ja see oli osaliselt tõsi. Laatsaruse elluäratamine oli Herodeses hirmu ja ärevust tekitanud ning teades, et Suurkohus oli julgenud Jeesuse juba enne kohut süüdi mõista, otsustas Herodes kas Jeesuse tappa või oma valdustest välja ajada. Tegelikult soovis ta viimast, sest kartis Jeesust nii väga ja lootis, et ei pea teda hukkama.

171:4.5 (1872.2) And this was partly true. The resurrection of Lazarus frightened and alarmed Herod, and knowing that the Sanhedrin had dared to condemn Jesus, even in advance of a trial, Herod made up his mind either to kill Jesus or to drive him out of his domains. He really desired to do the latter since he so feared him that he hoped he would not be compelled to execute him.

Kui Jeesus variseride sõnu kuulis, vastas ta: „Ma tunnen Herodest ja tean hästi tema hirmu taevariigi evangeeliumi ees. Ent uskuge, talle meeldiks palju rohkem, kui Inimese Poeg läheks Jeruusalemma ning kannataks ja sureks ülempreestrite käes. Määrinud oma käed Johannese verega, ei taha ta eriti Inimese Poja surma eest vastutav olla. Minge ja öelge sellele rebasele, et Inimese Poeg jutlustab täna Pereas, homme läheb Juudamaale ja mõne päeva pärast lõpetab oma maise missiooni ning on valmis Isa juurde tõusma.”

171:4.6 (1872.3) When Jesus heard what the Pharisees had to say, he replied: “I well know about Herod and his fear of this gospel of the kingdom. But, mistake not, he would much prefer that the Son of Man go up to Jerusalem to suffer and die at the hands of the chief priests; he is not anxious, having stained his hands with the blood of John, to become responsible for the death of the Son of Man. Go you and tell that fox that the Son of Man preaches in Perea today, tomorrow goes into Judea, and after a few days, will be perfected in his mission on earth and prepared to ascend to the Father.”

Siis ütles Jeesus oma apostlite poole pöördudes: „Prohvetid on juba iidsetest aegadest Jeruusalemmas hukkunud ja ka Inimese Pojale on sobiv minna oma Isa maja linna, et teda inimliku vagatsemise hinnana ning usuliste eelarvamuste ja vaimupimeduse tulemusena ohvriks toodaks. Oo, Jeruusalemm, Jeruusalemm, mis tapab prohveteid ja pillub kividega tõeõpetajaid! Kui sageli oleksin ma tahtnud koguda sinu lapsi kokku, nii nagu kana kogub pesakonna oma tiibade alla, aga sa ei lasknud mul seda teha! Näe, su maja jäetakse peagi tühjana maha! Sa soovid veel korduvalt mind näha, aga ei näe. Siis sa otsid mind, aga ei leia.” Ja kui ta oli need sõnad öelnud, pöördus ta enese ümber seisjate poole ja ütles: „Mingem ikkagi Jeruusalemma paasapühale ja tehkem seda, mis meil taevase Isa tahte täitmiseks on sünnis teha.”

171:4.7 (1872.4) Then turning to his apostles, Jesus said: “From olden times the prophets have perished in Jerusalem, and it is only befitting that the Son of Man should go up to the city of the Father’s house to be offered up as the price of human bigotry and as the result of religious prejudice and spiritual blindness. O Jerusalem, Jerusalem, which kills the prophets and stones the teachers of truth! How often would I have gathered your children together even as a hen gathers her own brood under her wings, but you would not let me do it! Behold, your house is about to be left to you desolate! You will many times desire to see me, but you shall not. You will then seek but not find me.” And when he had spoken, he turned to those around him and said: “Nevertheless, let us go up to Jerusalem to attend the Passover and do that which becomes us in fulfilling the will of the Father in heaven.”

See oli segaduses ja hämmeldunud uskujaterühm, kes tol päeval Jeesusele Jeerikosse järgnes. Apostlid tunnetasid Jeesuse taevariigi-kuulutustes üksnes teatavat lõpliku triumfi nooti; nad lihtsalt ei suutnud sundida end aru saama hoiatustest ähvardava tagasilöögi ees. Kui Jeesus rääkis „kolmandal päeval ülestõusmisest”, arvasid nad, et see väide tähendab taevariigi kindlat võitu pärast mõnda ebameeldivat kokkupõrget juudi usujuhtidega. „Kolmas päev” oli juutide seas levinud väljend, mis tähendas „peagi” või „varsti pärast seda”. Kui Jeesus rääkis „ülestõusmisest”, arvasid nad, et ta räägib „taevariigi tõusust”.

171:4.8 (1872.5) It was a confused and bewildered group of believers who this day followed Jesus into Jericho. The apostles could discern only the certain note of final triumph in Jesus’ declarations regarding the kingdom; they just could not bring themselves to that place where they were willing to grasp the warnings of the impending setback. When Jesus spoke of “rising on the third day,” they seized upon this statement as signifying a sure triumph of the kingdom immediately following an unpleasant preliminary skirmish with the Jewish religious leaders. The “third day” was a common Jewish expression signifying “presently” or “soon thereafter.” When Jesus spoke of “rising,” they thought he referred to the “rising of the kingdom.”

Need uskujad olid tunnistanud Jeesust kui messiat, ent juudid ei teadnud peaaegu midagi kannatavast messiast. Nad ei mõistnud, et Jeesus saavutab oma surmaga palju niisugust, mida ta oma eluga iialgi ei saavutaks. Kui apostlitele andis julgust Jeruusalemma siseneda Laatsaruse elluäratamine, siis Meistrit toetas mälestus tema muutmisest sel annetumise katsumusteperioodil.

171:4.9 (1872.6) Jesus had been accepted by these believers as the Messiah, and the Jews knew little or nothing about a suffering Messiah. They did not understand that Jesus was to accomplish many things by his death which could never have been achieved by his life. While it was the resurrection of Lazarus that nerved the apostles to enter Jerusalem, it was the memory of the transfiguration that sustained the Master at this trying period of his bestowal.

5. Pime mees Jeerikos

5. The Blind Man at Jericho

Neljapäeva, 30. märtsi õhtul lähenes Jeesus koos apostlitega ligikaudu kahesajast poolehoidjast koosneva rühma eesotsas Jeeriko müüridele. Kui nad linnavärava juurde jõudsid, kohtasid nad suurt hulka kerjuseid, kelle seas oli keegi Bartimeus, vana mees, kes oli juba noorena pimedaks jäänud. See pime kerjus oli Jeesusest palju kuulnud ja teadis, kuidas Jeesus oli Jeruusalemmas pimeda Joosija terveks ravinud. Jeesuse viimasest külaskäigust Jeerikosse oli ta saanud teada alles siis, kui too oli juba edasi Betaaniasse siirdunud. Bartimeus oli otsustanud, et kui Jeesus veel kunagi Jeerikot külastab, palub ta kindlasti, et Meister talle nägemise tagasi annaks.

171:5.1 (1873.1) Late on the afternoon of Thursday, March 30, Jesus and his apostles, at the head of a band of about two hundred followers, approached the walls of Jericho. As they came near the gate of the city, they encountered a throng of beggars, among them one Bartimeus, an elderly man who had been blind from his youth. This blind beggar had heard much about Jesus and knew all about his healing of the blind Josiah at Jerusalem. He had not known of Jesus’ last visit to Jericho until he had gone on to Bethany. Bartimeus had resolved that he would never again allow Jesus to visit Jericho without appealing to him for the restoration of his sight.

Uudist Jeesuse lähenemisest oli kuulutatud kõikjal Jeerikos ja sajad linnaelanikud kogunesid teda tervitama. Kui see tohutu rahvahulk koos Meistriga linna tagasi tuli, teadis Bartimeus sammumüdinat kuuldes, et on toimumas midagi ebatavalist, ja küsis enda lähedal seisjatelt, mis on lahti. Üks kerjus vastas talle: „Jeesus Naatsaretlane läheb just mööda.” Kuuldes, et Jeesus on lähedal, hakkas Bartimeus valjusti hüüdma: „Jeesus, Jeesus, halasta mulle!” Kui ta ikka valjemini ja valjemini seda hüüdis, tulid mõned Jeesuse ligiduses kõndinud teda noomima, paludes tal vait olla, millest polnud aga kasu, sest mehe hüüded üksnes sagenesid ja valjenesid.

171:5.2 (1873.2) News of Jesus’ approach had been heralded throughout Jericho, and hundreds of the inhabitants flocked forth to meet him. When this great crowd came back escorting the Master into the city, Bartimeus, hearing the heavy tramping of the multitude, knew that something unusual was happening, and so he asked those standing near him what was going on. And one of the beggars replied, “Jesus of Nazareth is passing by.” When Bartimeus heard that Jesus was near, he lifted up his voice and began to cry aloud, “Jesus, Jesus, have mercy upon me!” And as he continued to cry louder and louder, some of those near to Jesus went over and rebuked him, requesting him to hold his peace; but it was of no avail; he cried only the more and the louder.

Kui Jeesus kuulis pimedat meest hüüdmas, peatus ta. Abipalujat nähes ütles Jeesus oma sõpradele: „Tooge see mees minu juurde.” Ning need läksid Bartimeuse juurde ja ütlesid: „Rõõmusta ja tule meiega, sest Meister kutsub sind.” Neid sõnu kuuldes heitis Bartimeus oma kuue kõrvale, hüppas keset teed ja lasi lähedalseisjatel end Jeesuse juurde juhtida. Jeesus küsis Bartimeuselt: „Mida sa minult ootad?” Ja pime mees vastas: „Tahaksin nägemist tagasi saada.” Seda palvet kuuldes ja tema usku nähes ütles Jeesus: „Sa hakkad nägema, mine oma teed, sinu usk on su terveks teinud.” Otsekohe sai ta oma nägemise tagasi ja jäi Jeesuse lähedale Jumalat ülistama, kuni Meister järgmisel päeval Jeruusalemma poole teele asus, seejärel aga asus rahva ees kuulutama, kuidas talle Jeerikos nägemine tagasi anti.

171:5.3 (1873.3) When Jesus heard the blind man crying out, he stood still. And when he saw him, he said to his friends, “Bring the man to me.” And then they went over to Bartimeus, saying: “Be of good cheer; come with us, for the Master calls for you.” When Bartimeus heard these words, he threw aside his cloak, springing forward toward the center of the road, while those near by guided him to Jesus. Addressing Bartimeus, Jesus said: “What do you want me to do for you?” Then answered the blind man, “I would have my sight restored.” And when Jesus heard this request and saw his faith, he said: “You shall receive your sight; go your way; your faith has made you whole.” Immediately he received his sight, and he remained near Jesus, glorifying God, until the Master started on the next day for Jerusalem, and then he went before the multitude declaring to all how his sight had been restored in Jericho.

6. Külaskäik Sakkeuse juurde

6. The Visit to Zaccheus

Kui Meister koos saatjatega Jeerikosse jõudis, oli päike juba loojumas ja Jeesus tahtis seal öömajale jääda. Kui Meister tollihoonest möödus, viibis seal juhtumisi Sakkeus, peatölner ehk maksukoguja, kes soovis väga Jeesust näha. Peatölner oli väga rikas ja Galilea prohvetist palju kuulnud. Ta oli otsustanud, et kui Jeesus peaks veel Jeerikot külastama, vaatab ta järele, mis mees too on. Nüüd püüdiski Sakkeus läbi rahvasumma lähemale trügida, aga rahvast oli liiga palju ning et ta oli lühikest kasvu, ei näinud ta üle teiste peade. Nii järgnes peatölner rahvahulgale, kuni nad jõudsid kesklinna lähistele ja polnud enam tema majast kaugel. Näinud, et ta ei suuda läbi rahvahulga trügida, ja arvates, et Jeesus võib peatumata otse läbi linna minna, jooksis ta ette ja ronis ühe mooruspuu otsa, mille oksad ulatusid üle tee. Ta teadis, et nii võib mööduvat Meistrit hästi näha. Ja ta ei pidanud pettuma, sest Jeesus peatus, kui oli temani jõudnud, ja ütles üles Sakkeuse poole vaadates: „Tule, Sakkeus, ruttu alla, sest ma pean täna öösel sinu majas peatuma.” Kui Sakkeus neid üllatavaid sõnu kuulis, pidi ta rutuga alla ronides peaaegu kukkuma; Jeesuse ees seisatades väljendas ta suurt rõõmu, et Meister on nõus tema majas peatuma.

171:6.1 (1873.4) When the Master’s procession entered Jericho, it was nearing sundown, and he was minded to abide there for the night. As Jesus passed by the customs house, Zaccheus the chief publican, or tax collector, happened to be present, and he much desired to see Jesus. This chief publican was very rich and had heard much about this prophet of Galilee. He had resolved that he would see what sort of a man Jesus was the next time he chanced to visit Jericho; accordingly, Zaccheus sought to press through the crowd, but it was too great, and being short of stature, he could not see over their heads. And so the chief publican followed on with the crowd until they came near the center of the city and not far from where he lived. When he saw that he would be unable to penetrate the crowd, and thinking that Jesus might be going right on through the city without stopping, he ran on ahead and climbed up into a sycamore tree whose spreading branches overhung the roadway. He knew that in this way he could obtain a good view of the Master as he passed by. And he was not disappointed, for, as Jesus passed by, he stopped and, looking up at Zaccheus, said: “Make haste, Zaccheus, and come down, for tonight I must abide at your house.” And when Zaccheus heard these astonishing words, he almost fell out of the tree in his haste to get down, and going up to Jesus, he expressed great joy that the Master should be willing to stop at his house.

Nad läksid otseteed Sakkeuse koju ja Jeeriko elanikud olid väga üllatunud, et Jeesus oli nõus ööbima peatölneri juures. Kui Meister koos apostlite ja Sakkeusega enne sisenemist maja ees seisatas, ütles üks läheduses seisnud Jeeriko variser: „Näete, see mees läheb öömajale Aabrahami usust taganenud patuse poja juurde, kes oma rahvast röövib ja neilt raha välja pressib.” Neid sõnu kuulnud, vaatas Jeesus Sakkeust ja naeratas. Siis astus Sakkeus pingile ja ütles: „Jeeriko inimesed, kuulake mind! Ma võin küll olla tölner ja patune, aga suur Õpetaja on tulnud minu majja ööbima ja enne kui ta siseneb, luban ma teile, et annetan poole kõigist oma varadest vaestele ja et kui peaksin homsest alates veel kelleltki midagi ebaõiglaselt välja nõudma, tagastan selle neljakordselt. Ma hakkan kogu südamest pääsemise poole püüdlema ja õpin Jumala silmis õiglaselt käituma.”

171:6.2 (1874.1) They went at once to the home of Zaccheus, and those who lived in Jericho were much surprised that Jesus would consent to abide with the chief publican. Even while the Master and his apostles lingered with Zaccheus before the door of his house, one of the Jericho Pharisees, standing near by, said: “You see how this man has gone to lodge with a sinner, an apostate son of Abraham who is an extortioner and a robber of his own people.” And when Jesus heard this, he looked down at Zaccheus and smiled. Then Zaccheus stood upon a stool and said: “Men of Jericho, hear me! I may be a publican and a sinner, but the great Teacher has come to abide in my house; and before he goes in, I tell you that I am going to bestow one half of all my goods upon the poor, and beginning tomorrow, if I have wrongfully exacted aught from any man, I will restore fourfold. I am going to seek salvation with all my heart and learn to do righteousness in the sight of God.”

Kui Sakkeus oli lõpetanud, ütles Jeesus: „Pääsemine on tulnud täna sellesse majja ja sinust on saanud tõeline Aabrahami poeg.” Ja pöördudes nende ümber kogunenud rahva poole, lisas: „ärge imestage minu sõnade üle ega solvuge meie tegude peale, sest ma olen alati kuulutanud, et Inimese Poeg on tulnud otsima ja päästma seda, mis on kadunud.”

171:6.3 (1874.2) When Zaccheus had ceased speaking, Jesus said: “Today has salvation come to this home, and you have become indeed a son of Abraham.” And turning to the crowd assembled about them, Jesus said: “And marvel not at what I say nor take offense at what we do, for I have all along declared that the Son of Man has come to seek and to save that which is lost.”

Nad jäid ööseks Sakkeuse majja. Kui nad järgmisel hommikul tõusid, suundusid nad mööda „röövlite teed” Betaaniasse, et jõuda paasapühaks Jeruusalemma.

171:6.4 (1874.3) They lodged with Zaccheus for the night. On the morrow they arose and made their way up the “road of robbers” to Bethany on their way to the Passover at Jerusalem.

7. „Kui Jeesus möödus”

7. “As Jesus Passed By”

Jeesus tõi rõõmu kõikjale, kuhu läks. Ta oli täis lahkust ja tõde. Tema kaaslased ei lakanud kunagi imestamast tema suust tulevaid lahkeid sõnu. Meeldivust võib endas arendada, ent lahkus on sõbralikkuse hõng, mida õhkub armastusest täidetud hingest.

171:7.1 (1874.4) Jesus spread good cheer everywhere he went. He was full of grace and truth. His associates never ceased to wonder at the gracious words that proceeded out of his mouth. You can cultivate gracefulness, but graciousness is the aroma of friendliness which emanates from a love-saturated soul.

Headusega saavutatakse lugupidamine, aga kui see on lahkusetu, tõrjub see kiindumuse sageli tagasi. Headus on kõigile meeldiv vaid siis, kui see tuleb lahkest südamest. Headus mõjub vaid siis, kui see on meeldiv.

171:7.2 (1874.5) Goodness always compels respect, but when it is devoid of grace, it often repels affection. Goodness is universally attractive only when it is gracious. Goodness is effective only when it is attractive.

Jeesus mõistis inimesi hästi, seepärast võis ta avaldada tõelist osavõtlikkust ja ilmutada siirast kaastunnet. Ent ta tundis harva haletsust. Tema kaastunne oli küll piiritu, kuid ta osavõtlikkus oli praktiline, isiklik ja konstruktiivne. Lähedane tutvus kannatustega ei jätnud teda kunagi ükskõikseks ja ta suutis hoolitseda kitsikuses hingede eest nende enesehaletsust suurendamata.

171:7.3 (1874.6) Jesus really understood men; therefore could he manifest genuine sympathy and show sincere compassion. But he seldom indulged in pity. While his compassion was boundless, his sympathy was practical, personal, and constructive. Never did his familiarity with suffering breed indifference, and he was able to minister to distressed souls without increasing their self-pity.

Jeesus suutis inimesi nii palju aidata sellepärast, et armastas neid siiralt. Ta armastas tõeliselt iga meest, naist ja last. Ta võis olla nii truu sõber oma tähelepanuväärse taipamise tõttu — ta teadis põhjalikult, mis inimese südames ja meeles toimub. Ta oli huvitatud ja tähelepanelik vaatleja. Ta sai suurepäraselt aru inimeste vajadustest ja mõistis targalt nende inimlikke igatsusi.

171:7.4 (1874.7) Jesus could help men so much because he loved them so sincerely. He truly loved each man, each woman, and each child. He could be such a true friend because of his remarkable insight — he knew so fully what was in the heart and in the mind of man. He was an interested and keen observer. He was an expert in the comprehension of human need, clever in detecting human longings.

Jeesus ei kiirustanud kunagi. Tal oli aega „mööda minnes” kaasinimesi lohutada. Ja ta sõbrad tundsid end alati tema juures vabalt. Ta oli võluv kuulaja. Ta ei hakanud kunagi pealetükkivalt oma kaaslaste hingedes sobrama. Kui ta januseid meeli ja hingi lohutas ning nende eest hoolitses, ei tundnud tema halastuse vastuvõtjad end niivõrd talle pihtivat, kuivõrd temaga vestlevat. Neil oli tema vastu piiritu usaldus, sest nad nägid, kui väga ta neisse usub.

171:7.5 (1874.8) Jesus was never in a hurry. He had time to comfort his fellow men “as he passed by.” And he always made his friends feel at ease. He was a charming listener. He never engaged in the meddlesome probing of the souls of his associates. As he comforted hungry minds and ministered to thirsty souls, the recipients of his mercy did not so much feel that they were confessing to him as that they were conferring with him. They had unbounded confidence in him because they saw he had so much faith in them.

Ta ei näidanud kunagi inimeste suhtes üles uudishimu ega avaldanud soovi neid suunata, juhtida ja kontrollida. Ta tekitas sügavat eneseusaldust ja suurt julgust kõigis, kellel oli õnn temaga koos olla. Kui ta inimesele naeratas, suutis see surelik edaspidi oma paljusid probleeme paremini lahendada.

171:7.6 (1875.1) He never seemed to be curious about people, and he never manifested a desire to direct, manage, or follow them up. He inspired profound self-confidence and robust courage in all who enjoyed his association. When he smiled on a man, that mortal experienced increased capacity for solving his manifold problems.

Jeesus armastas inimesi nii väga ja nii targalt, et ei kõhelnud kunagi nende suhtes karmust ilmutamast, kui olukord niisugust distsiplineerimist nõudis. Sageli alustas ta inimese abistamist sellest, et palus ise temalt abi. Sel moel tekitas ta huvi ja tõi esile inimloomuse paremad jooned.

171:7.7 (1875.2) Jesus loved men so much and so wisely that he never hesitated to be severe with them when the occasion demanded such discipline. He frequently set out to help a person by asking for help. In this way he elicited interest, appealed to the better things in human nature.

Meister oskas märgata päästvat usku naise tugevas ebausus, kui too püüdis terveneda tema rõivapalistuse puudutamise kaudu. Ta oli alati valmis jutluse katkestama või rahvahulga peatama, et hoolitseda üheainsa inimese vajaduste eest, olgu see või väike laps. Suuri asju ei juhtunud ainult sellepärast, et inimesed Jeesusesse uskusid, vaid ka seepärast, et Jeesus uskus nii väga inimestesse.

171:7.8 (1875.3) The Master could discern saving faith in the gross superstition of the woman who sought healing by touching the hem of his garment. He was always ready and willing to stop a sermon or detain a multitude while he ministered to the needs of a single person, even to a little child. Great things happened not only because people had faith in Jesus, but also because Jesus had so much faith in them.

Enamiku tõeliselt tähtsaid asju ütles või tegi Jeesus vaid juhuslikult, „möödaminnes”. Meistri maises hoolekandetöös oli väga vähe ametlikku, planeeritut või ettekavatsetut. Lahkelt ja loomulikult jagas ta läbi elu rännates tervist ning puistas õnne. Oli sõna-sõnalt õige: „Ta käis ringi heategusid tehes”.

171:7.9 (1875.4) Most of the really important things which Jesus said or did seemed to happen casually, “as he passed by.” There was so little of the professional, the well-planned, or the premeditated in the Master’s earthly ministry. He dispensed health and scattered happiness naturally and gracefully as he journeyed through life. It was literally true, “He went about doing good.”

Ning Meistri poolehoidjatel kõigist ajastutest on kohane õppida samuti „möödaminnes” teenima — oma igapäevakohustusi täites isetult head tegema.

171:7.10 (1875.5) And it behooves the Master’s followers in all ages to learn to minister as “they pass by” — to do unselfish good as they go about their daily duties.

8. Mõistujutt naeladest

8. Parable of the Pounds

Kui nad Jeerikost lahkusid, oli lõuna juba peaaegu käes, sest nad olid olnud õhtul kaua üleval ning Jeesus oli Sakkeusele ja tema perele taevariigi evangeeliumi õpetanud. Umbes poolel teel Betaaniasse tegi reisiseltskond lõunapeatuse, kuna rahvahulk läks edasi Jeruusalemma poole, teadmata, et Jeesus ja apostlid kavatsevad tolle öö Õlimäel veeta.

171:8.1 (1875.6) They did not start from Jericho until near noon since they sat up late the night before while Jesus taught Zaccheus and his family the gospel of the kingdom. About halfway up the ascending road to Bethany the party paused for lunch while the multitude passed on to Jerusalem, not knowing that Jesus and the apostles were going to abide that night on the Mount of Olives.

Mõistujutt naeladest oli erinevalt kõigile jüngritele räägitud mõistujutust talentide kohta mõeldud peamiselt apostlitele ja põhines suures osas lool Arhelaosist ja tema asjatust katsest Juuda kuningriiki valitsema hakata. See on üks Meistri vähestest mõistujuttudest, mis toetus ajaloolisele isikule. Pole ime, et neile Arhelaos meelde tuli, sest Sakkeuse maja Jeerikos paiknes Arhelaosi rohkete kaunistustega palee lähedal ja tema veejuhe kulges piki seda teed, mida mööda nad olid Jeerikost lahkunud.

171:8.2 (1875.7) The parable of the pounds, unlike the parable of the talents, which was intended for all the disciples, was spoken more exclusively to the apostles and was largely based on the experience of Archelaus and his futile attempt to gain the rule of the kingdom of Judea. This is one of the few parables of the Master to be founded on an actual historic character. It was not strange that they should have had Archelaus in mind inasmuch as the house of Zaccheus in Jericho was very near the ornate palace of Archelaus, and his aqueduct ran along the road by which they had departed from Jericho.

Jeesus ütles: „Te arvate, et Inimese Poeg läheb Jeruusalemma kuningriiki vastu võtma, aga ma ütlen teile, et te peate pettuma. Kas te ei mäleta üht vürsti, kes suundus kaugele maale kuningriiki omandama, aga enne kui ta naasta jõudis, saatsid tema maakoha elanikud, kes olid ta oma südametes juba tagasi lükanud, saadiku talle ütlema: „Me ei taha, et see mees meid valitseks”? Nii nagu lükati tagasi selle kuninga ilmalik valitsus, lükatakse tagasi ka Inimese Poja vaimne valitsus. Ma kordan jälle, et minu kuningriik ei ole sellest maailmast, aga kui Inimese Poja kätte oleks antud oma rahva vaimne valitsemine, oleks ta selle inimhingede kuningriigi vastu võtnud ja inimsüdamete võimupiirkonda valitsenud. Hoolimata sellest, et nad minu vaimse valitsemise tagasi lükkavad, tulen ma tagasi, et võtta teistelt vastu see vaimuriik, mida mulle praegu keelatakse. Te näete, kuidas Inimese Poeg praegu tagasi lükatakse, aga ühel teisel ajastul võetakse Aabrahami laste tagasilükatu vastu ja ülendatakse.

171:8.3 (1875.8) Said Jesus: “You think that the Son of Man goes up to Jerusalem to receive a kingdom, but I declare that you are doomed to disappointment. Do you not remember about a certain prince who went into a far country to receive for himself a kingdom, but even before he could return, the citizens of his province, who in their hearts had already rejected him, sent an embassy after him, saying, ‘We will not have this man to reign over us’? As this king was rejected in the temporal rule, so is the Son of Man to be rejected in the spiritual rule. Again I declare that my kingdom is not of this world; but if the Son of Man had been accorded the spiritual rule of his people, he would have accepted such a kingdom of men’s souls and would have reigned over such a dominion of human hearts. Notwithstanding that they reject my spiritual rule over them, I will return again to receive from others such a kingdom of spirit as is now denied me. You will see the Son of Man rejected now, but in another age that which the children of Abraham now reject will be received and exalted.

Ning nüüd, selle mõistujuttu tagasilükatud ülikuna, tahan ma kutsuda enda ette oma kaksteist sulast, eriülesannetega majapidajat, ja andes igaühele ühe naela, manitseda neid hoolikalt täitma minu korraldusi ja kauplema minu äraolekul usinalt neile usaldatud rahaga, et nad võiksid minu tagasi pöördudes, kui neilt aru päritakse, oma majandamist põhjendada.

171:8.4 (1876.1) “And now, as the rejected nobleman of this parable, I would call before me my twelve servants, special stewards, and giving into each of your hands the sum of one pound, I would admonish each to heed well my instructions that you trade diligently with your trust fund while I am away that you may have wherewith to justify your stewardship when I return, when a reckoning shall be required of you.

Ja isegi kui see tagasilükatud Poeg ei tuleks tagasi, saadetaks seda kuningriiki vastu võtma mõni teine Poeg ja see Poeg kutsuks kõiki teid, et te talle oma majandamisest aru annaksite ja teenitud kasuga teda rõõmustada saaksite.

171:8.5 (1876.2) “And even if this rejected Son should not return, another Son will be sent to receive this kingdom, and this Son will then send for all of you to receive your report of stewardship and to be made glad by your gains.

Ja kui need majapidajad hiljem aru andma kutsuti, tuli esimene ja ütles: „Isand, olen sinu naelale kümme juurde teeninud.” Ja ta isand ütles: „Hästi tehtud, oled hea sulane; kuna sa oled selles asjas ustavaks osutunud, annan sulle võimu kümne linna üle.” Ja teine tuli ja ütles: „Olen, isand, sinu jäetud naela viieks naelaks kasvatanud.” Ja isand vastas: „Panen su siis valitsejaks viie linna üle.” Ja nii jätkus, kuni tuli viimase sulase kord, kes teatas: „Isand, näe, siin on su nael, ma hoidsin seda hoolikalt selle räti sees. Ma tegin seda, sest kartsin sind; ma ei pidanud sind mõistlikuks, sest sa võtad sealt, kuhu sa pole pannud, ja püüad lõigata sealt, kuhu pole külvanud.” Seepeale ütles isand: „Sa hooletu ja truudusetu sulane, ma mõistan sinu üle kohut su enda sõnade järgi. Sa teadsid, et ma lõikan sealt, kuhu ma näiliselt pole külvanud; seepärast sa teadsid, et sinult päritakse aru. Seda teades oleksid sa võinud mu raha vähemalt pankurile anda, et sellelt minu tulekuni mulle korralikku kasu teenida.”

171:8.6 (1876.3) “And when these stewards were subsequently called together for an accounting, the first came forward, saying, ‘Lord, with your pound I have made ten pounds more.’ And his master said to him: ‘Well done; you are a good servant; because you have proved faithful in this matter, I will give you authority over ten cities.’ And the second came, saying, ‘Your pound left with me, Lord, has made five pounds.’ And the master said, ‘I will accordingly make you ruler over five cities.’ And so on down through the others until the last of the servants, on being called to account, reported: ‘Lord, behold, here is your pound, which I have kept safely done up in this napkin. And this I did because I feared you; I believed that you were unreasonable, seeing that you take up where you have not laid down, and that you seek to reap where you have not sown.’ Then said his lord: ‘You negligent and unfaithful servant, I will judge you out of your own mouth. You knew that I reap where I have apparently not sown; therefore you knew this reckoning would be required of you. Knowing this, you should have at least given my money to the banker that at my coming I might have had it with proper interest.’

Ning siis ütles valitseja teistele juuresolijatele: „võtke sellelt laisalt sulaselt tema raha ja andke sellele, kellel on kümme naela.” Ja kui nood isandale meelde tuletasid, et sellel mehel on niigi kümme naela, ütles ta: „Igaühele, kellel on, antakse juurde, aga neilt, kellel ei ole, võetakse seegi vähene ära.””

171:8.7 (1876.4) “And then said this ruler to those who stood by: ‘Take the money from this slothful servant and give it to him who has ten pounds.’ And when they reminded the master that such a one already had ten pounds, he said: ‘To every one who has shall be given more, but from him who has not, even that which he has shall be taken away from him.’”

Apostlid püüdsid aru saada selle mõistujutu ja varasema, talentidest kõnelnud mõistujutu erinevusest, ent Jeesus andis nende paljudele küsimustele ainult ühe vastuse: „Kaaluge hästi oma südames neid sõnu, kuni igaüks teist nende tõelise tähenduse leiab.”

171:8.8 (1876.5) And then the apostles sought to know the difference between the meaning of this parable and that of the former parable of the talents, but Jesus would only say, in answer to their many questions: “Ponder well these words in your hearts while each of you finds out their true meaning.”

Järgnevatel aastatel õpetas nende kahe mõistujutu tähendust väga hästi Naatanael, kes tegi Meistri õpetustest järgmised järeldused:

171:8.9 (1876.6) It was Nathaniel who so well taught the meaning of these two parables in the after years, summing up his teachings in these conclusions:

1. võimekus on eluvõimaluste tegelik mõõt. Teid ei panda kunagi tegema midagi, milleks te pole võimelised;

171:8.10 (1876.7) 1. Ability is the practical measure of life’s opportunities. You will never be held responsible for the accomplishment of that which is beyond your abilities.

2. ustavus on inimese usaldusväärsuse eksimatu mõõt. Kes on ustav väikestes asjades, ilmutab ilmselt ustavust kõiges, kui ta on selleks suuteline;

171:8.11 (1876.8) 2. Faithfulness is the unerring measure of human trustworthiness. He who is faithful in little things is also likely to exhibit faithfulness in everything consistent with his endowments.

3. kui võimalused on ühesugused, annab Meister vähemustavale väiksema hüvituse;

171:8.12 (1876.9) 3. The Master grants the lesser reward for lesser faithfulness when there is like opportunity.

4. ta annab väiksemate võimaluste juures ilmutatud ühesuguse ustavuse eest ühesuguse hüvituse.

171:8.13 (1877.1) 4. He grants a like reward for like faithfulness when there is lesser opportunity.

Kui nad olid lõunasöögi lõpetanud ja pooldehoidjate hulk oli asunud taas teele Jeruusalemma poole, seisis Jeesus apostlite ees teeäärse kaljueendi varjus ja osutas rõõmsameelse väärikuse ning lahke majesteetlikkusega läände, öeldes: „Tulge, vennad, mingem Jeruusalemma, et võtta vastu, mis meid seal ootab; nii saame täita kõiges taevase Isa tahet.”

171:8.14 (1877.2) When they had finished their lunch, and after the multitude of followers had gone on toward Jerusalem, Jesus, standing there before the apostles in the shade of an overhanging rock by the roadside, with cheerful dignity and a gracious majesty pointed his finger westward, saying: “Come, my brethren, let us go on into Jerusalem, there to receive that which awaits us; thus shall we fulfill the will of the heavenly Father in all things.”

Nii jätkasid Jeesus ja tema apostlid seda Meistri viimast sureliku kehas ettevõetud teekonda Jeruusalemma.

171:8.15 (1877.3) And so Jesus and his apostles resumed this, the Master’s last journey to Jerusalem in the likeness of the flesh of mortal man.





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