URANTIA RAAMAT - 162. Kiri. Lehtmajadepüha

(UF-EST-001-2010-1)

URANTIA RAAMAT   

IV OSA: Jeesuse elu ja Õpetused



162. Kiri. Lehtmajadepüha

Paper 162 : At the Feast of Tabernacles

KUI Jeesus kümne apostliga Jeruusalemma teele asus, kavatses ta suunduda sinna Samaaria kaudu, sest see oli lühem tee. Nii läksidki nad mööda järve idakallast ja jõudsid Skythopolise kaudu Samaaria lähistele. Videviku tulekul saatis Jeesus Filippuse ja Matteuse ühte külla Gilboa mäe idanõlval, et nad neile kõigile ööbimispaika otsiksid. Selle küla elanikud suhtusid aga juutidesse suure eelarvamusega, isegi veel suuremaga kui samaarlaste puhul tavaline oli, ning need tunded teravnesid eriti nüüd, mil nii palju juute oli lehtmajadepüha pidustustele teel. Need inimesed teadsid Jeesusest väga vähe ja keeldusid talle öömaja andmast, sest ta oli juut nagu tema kaaslasedki. Kui Matteus ja Filippus oma nördimust väljendasid ja neile teatasid, et nad keelduvad vastu võtmast Iisraeli pühameest, ajasid raevunud külaelanikud nad keppide ja kividega sellest väikesest asulast välja.

162:0.1 (1788.1) WHEN Jesus started up to Jerusalem with the ten apostles, he planned to go through Samaria, that being the shorter route. Accordingly, they passed down the eastern shore of the lake and, by way of Scythopolis, entered the borders of Samaria. Near nightfall Jesus sent Philip and Matthew over to a village on the eastern slopes of Mount Gilboa to secure lodging for the company. It so happened that these villagers were greatly prejudiced against the Jews, even more so than the average Samaritans, and these feelings were heightened at this particular time as so many were on their way to the feast of tabernacles. These people knew very little about Jesus, and they refused him lodging because he and his associates were Jews. When Matthew and Philip manifested indignation and informed these Samaritans that they were declining to entertain the Holy One of Israel, the infuriated villagers chased them out of the little town with sticks and stones.

Kui Filippus ja Matteus kaaslaste juurde tagasi pöördusid ja rääkisid, kuidas neid oli minema aetud, astusid Jaakobus ja Johannes Jeesuse juurde ja ütlesid: „Meister, palun luba meil taevast tuli alla kutsuda, et see neelaks need ülbed ja patused samaarlased.” Kui aga Jeesus neid kättemaksu järele janunevaid sõnu kuulis, pöördus ta Sebedeuse poegade poole ja noomis neid rangelt: „Te ei paista teadvat, missugust suhtumist nüüd esindate. Kättemaks ei ole taevariigile kohane. Selle asemel et vaielda, rändame parem väikesesse külla Jordani jõe koolmekoha lähedal.” Nii jätsid need samaarlased end sektantlike eelarvamuste tõttu ilma aust osutada külalislahkust universumi Loojale-Pojale.

162:0.2 (1788.2) After Philip and Matthew had returned to their fellows and reported how they had been driven out of the village, James and John stepped up to Jesus and said: “Master, we pray you to give us permission to bid fire come down from heaven to devour these insolent and impenitent Samaritans.” But when Jesus heard these words of vengeance, he turned upon the sons of Zebedee and severely rebuked them: “You know not what manner of attitude you manifest. Vengeance savors not of the outlook of the kingdom of heaven. Rather than dispute, let us journey over to the little village by the Jordan ford.” Thus because of sectarian prejudice these Samaritans denied themselves the honor of showing hospitality to the Creator Son of a universe.

Jeesus ööbis koos kümne apostliga Jordani koolmekoha lähedal asuvas külas. Järgmise päeva varahommikul ületasid nad jõe ja asusid Jordanist idas kulgevat maanteed mööda Jeruusalemma poole teele. Kolmapäeva hilisõhtul saabusid nad Betaaniasse. Toomas ja Naatanael jõudsid neile järele reedel, sest neid olid kinni pidanud vestlused Rodaniga.

162:0.3 (1788.3) Jesus and the ten stopped for the night at the village near the Jordan ford. Early the next day they crossed the river and continued on to Jerusalem by way of the east Jordan highway, arriving at Bethany late Wednesday evening. Thomas and Nathaniel arrived on Friday, having been delayed by their conferences with Rodan.

Jeesus ja kaksteist apostlit jäid Jeruusalemma lähedusse kuni järgmise kuu, oktoobri lõpuni, ligikaudu neljaks ja pooleks nädalaks. Jeesus ise käis linnas vaid mõne korra ning need lühiajalised külastused toimusid lehtmajadepüha ajal. Suure osa oktoobrist veetis ta Abneri ja tolle kaaslastega Petlemmas.

162:0.4 (1788.4) Jesus and the twelve remained in the vicinity of Jerusalem until the end of the following month (October), about four and one-half weeks. Jesus himself went into the city only a few times, and these brief visits were made during the days of the feast of tabernacles. He spent a considerable portion of October with Abner and his associates at Bethlehem.

1. Jeruusalemma külastamise ohud

1. The Dangers of the Visit to Jerusalem

Ammu enne nende Galileast põgenemist olid Jeesuse pooldajad palunud teda minna Jeruusalemma evangeeliumi kuulutama, et tema sõnumile lisaks edaspidi kaalu asjaolu, et seda on kuulutatud juudi kultuuri- ja hariduskeskuses; kuid nüüd, mil ta oli Jeruusalemma õpetama tulnud, kartsid nad tema elu pärast. Teades, et Suurkohus oli püüdnud tuua Jeesust Jeruusalemma, et tema üle kohut mõista, ja meenutades Meistrilt viimasel ajal korduvalt kuuldud sõnu, et ta peab surema, oli Jeesuse ootamatu otsus osaleda lehtmajadepüha pidustustel apostleid lausa hämmastanud. Kõigile nende varasematele palvetele Jeruusalemma minna oli Jeesus vastanud: „See tund ei ole veel tulnud.” Nüüd vastas ta nende hirmunud vastuväidetele ainult: „Aga see tund on tulnud.”

162:1.1 (1788.5) Long before they fled from Galilee, the followers of Jesus had implored him to go to Jerusalem to proclaim the gospel of the kingdom in order that his message might have the prestige of having been preached at the center of Jewish culture and learning; but now that he had actually come to Jerusalem to teach, they were afraid for his life. Knowing that the Sanhedrin had sought to bring Jesus to Jerusalem for trial and recalling the Master’s recently reiterated declarations that he must be subject to death, the apostles had been literally stunned by his sudden decision to attend the feast of tabernacles. To all their previous entreaties that he go to Jerusalem he had replied, “The hour has not yet come.” Now, to their protests of fear he answered only, “But the hour has come.”

Jeesus käis lehtmajadepüha ajal mitu korda julgelt Jeruusalemmas ja õpetas avalikult templis. Seda tegi ta hoolimata oma apostlite jõupingutustest teda ümber veenda. Ehkki nood olid juba ammu palunud teda oma sõnumit ka Jeruusalemmas kuulutada, kohutas neid nüüd pelk mõte, et ta säärasel ajal linna siseneb; nad teadsid ju väga hästi, et kirjatundjad ja variserid soovivad tema surma.

162:1.2 (1788.6) During the feast of tabernacles Jesus went boldly into Jerusalem on several occasions and publicly taught in the temple. This he did in spite of the efforts of his apostles to dissuade him. Though they had long urged him to proclaim his message in Jerusalem, they now feared to see him enter the city at this time, knowing full well that the scribes and Pharisees were bent on bringing about his death.

Jeesuse julge ilmumine Jeruusalemma ajas tema poolehoidjad rohkem segadusse kui kunagi varem. Paljud tema jüngrid, isegi apostel Juudas Iskariot, olid söandanud arvata, et Jeesus oli põgenenud kibekähku Foiniikiasse sellepärast, et kartis juutide juhte ja Herodes Antipast. Nad ei suutnud aru saada Meistri sammude tähtsusest. Sellest, et ta viibis vastupidiselt poolehoidjate nõuannetele lehtmajadepüha ajal Jeruusalemmas, piisas, et teha igaveseks lõpp sosinatele hirmust ja argpükslikkusest.

162:1.3 (1788.7) Jesus’ bold appearance in Jerusalem more than ever confused his followers. Many of his disciples, and even Judas Iscariot, the apostle, had dared to think that Jesus had fled in haste into Phoenicia because he feared the Jewish leaders and Herod Antipas. They failed to comprehend the significance of the Master’s movements. His presence in Jerusalem at the feast of tabernacles, even in opposition to the advice of his followers, sufficed forever to put an end to all whisperings about fear and cowardice.

Lehtmajadepüha ajal nägid Jeesust ja kuulsid teda õpetamas tuhanded Rooma impeeriumi kõigist osadest saabunud usklikud; paljud reisisid isegi Betaaniasse, et arutada temaga taevariigi edenemist nende kodukohas.

162:1.4 (1789.1) During the feast of tabernacles, thousands of believers from all parts of the Roman Empire saw Jesus, heard him teach, and many even journeyed out to Bethany to confer with him regarding the progress of the kingdom in their home districts.

Jeesus võis kõigil pidustuste päevadel templiõuedel avalikult jutlustada mitmel põhjusel; neist peamine oli Suurkohtu ametnike hirm, mida tekitasid nende enda ridades tasapisi kujunenud erimeelsused. Tõsiasi oli see, et paljud Suurkohtu liikmed kas uskusid salamisi Jeesust või olid otsustavalt vastu tema vahistamisele pidustuste ajal, mil Jeruusalemmas viibis arvukalt inimesi, kelle hulgas oli palju temasse uskujaid või tema vaimsesse liikumisse vähemasti sõbralikult suhtujaid.

162:1.5 (1789.2) There were many reasons why Jesus was able publicly to preach in the temple courts throughout the days of the feast, and chief of these was the fear that had come over the officers of the Sanhedrin as a result of the secret division of sentiment in their own ranks. It was a fact that many of the members of the Sanhedrin either secretly believed in Jesus or else were decidedly averse to arresting him during the feast, when such large numbers of people were present in Jerusalem, many of whom either believed in him or were at least friendly to the spiritual movement which he sponsored.

Abneri ja tema kaaslaste jõupingutused kõikjal Juudamaal olid samuti taevariigile soodsat pinda ette valmistanud, isegi niivõrd, et Jeesuse vaenlased ei julgenud oma vastuseisu väga avalikult väljendada. See oli üks põhjusi, miks Jeesus sai avalikult Jeruusalemmas käia ja sealt elusalt tagasi tulla. Kuu või kaks varem oleks ta kindlasti surmatud.

162:1.6 (1789.3) The efforts of Abner and his associates throughout Judea had also done much to consolidate sentiment favorable to the kingdom, so much so that the enemies of Jesus dared not be too outspoken in their opposition. This was one of the reasons why Jesus could publicly visit Jerusalem and live to go away. One or two months before this he would certainly have been put to death.

Ent Jeesuse avaliku Jeruusalemma ilmumise hulljulgus tekitas tema vaenlastes aukartust: nad polnud nii kartmatut väljakutset oodanud. Suurkohus tegi selle kuu jooksul mitu jõuetut katset Meister vahistada, ent need pingutused ei kandnud vilja. Jeesuse ootamatu avalik ilmumine Jeruusalemma jahmatas tema vaenlasi nii väga, et nad oletasid Rooma ametivõimude kaitset. Teades Filippuse (Herodes Antipase venna) olevat peaaegu Jeesuse pooldaja, arvasid Suurkohtu liikmed, et Filippus on lubanud kaitsta Jeesust tolle vaenlaste eest. Jeesus oli nende kohtupiirkonnast juba lahkunud, kui nad mõistsid, et olid eksinud, pidades tema ootamatu ja julge Jeruusalemma ilmumise põhjuseks salajast kokkulepet Rooma ametnikega.

162:1.7 (1789.4) But the audacious boldness of Jesus in publicly appearing in Jerusalem overawed his enemies; they were not prepared for such a daring challenge. Several times during this month the Sanhedrin made feeble attempts to place the Master under arrest, but nothing came of these efforts. His enemies were so taken aback by Jesus’ unexpected public appearance in Jerusalem that they conjectured he must have been promised protection by the Roman authorities. Knowing that Philip (Herod Antipas’s brother) was almost a follower of Jesus, the members of the Sanhedrin speculated that Philip had secured for Jesus promises of protection against his enemies. Jesus had departed from their jurisdiction before they awakened to the realization that they had been mistaken in the belief that his sudden and bold appearance in Jerusalem had been due to a secret understanding with the Roman officials.

Jeesuse kavatsusest osaleda lehtmajadepüha pidustustel oli nende Magadanist lahkumise ajal teadnud ainult kaksteist apostlit. Meistri ülejäänud poolehoidjad olid väga üllatunud, kui ta templiõuedele ilmus ja avalikult õpetama hakkas, ning juudi ametivõimud olid kirjeldamatult hämmastunud, kui neile teatati, et ta templis õpetab.

162:1.8 (1789.5) Only the twelve apostles had known that Jesus intended to attend the feast of tabernacles when they had departed from Magadan. The other followers of the Master were greatly astonished when he appeared in the temple courts and began publicly to teach, and the Jewish authorities were surprised beyond expression when it was reported that he was teaching in the temple.

Ehkki jüngrid polnud oodanud, et Jeesus pidustustel osaleb, oli enamik kaugelt tulnud palverändureid hellitanud lootust, et nad võivad teda Jeruusalemmas näha. Ning neil ei tulnud pettuda, sest ta õpetas mitu korda Saalomoni terrassil ja mujal templiõuedel. Need õpetused olid juudi rahvale ja kogu maailmale tegelikult ametlik teade Jeesuse jumalikkusest.

162:1.9 (1790.1) Although his disciples had not expected Jesus to attend the feast, the vast majority of the pilgrims from afar who had heard of him entertained the hope that they might see him at Jerusalem. And they were not disappointed, for on several occasions he taught in Solomon’s Porch and elsewhere in the temple courts. These teachings were really the official or formal announcement of the divinity of Jesus to the Jewish people and to the whole world.

Meistri õpetust kuulnud hulkade seas valitses mitmesuguseid arvamusi. Mõned pidasid teda heaks inimeseks, mõned prohvetiks, mõned tõeliseks Messiaks; teised olid seda meelt, et tegu on pahatahtliku segadusetekitajaga, kes juhib rahvast oma imelike doktriinidega eksiteele. Ta vaenlased kõhklesid teda avalikult hukka mõistmast, kartes tema suhtes sõbralikult meelestatud uskujaid; sõbrad aga pelgasid teda avalikult tunnistada, tundes hirmu juudi juhtide ees ja teades, et Suurkohus on kindlalt otsustanud Jeesuse surmata. Ent isegi tema vaenlased imetlesid ta õpetatust, teades, et ta polnud õppinud rabide koolides.

162:1.10 (1790.2) The multitudes who listened to the Master’s teachings were divided in their opinions. Some said he was a good man; some a prophet; some that he was truly the Messiah; others said he was a mischievous meddler, that he was leading the people astray with his strange doctrines. His enemies hesitated to denounce him openly for fear of his friendly believers, while his friends feared to acknowledge him openly for fear of the Jewish leaders, knowing that the Sanhedrin was determined to put him to death. But even his enemies marveled at his teaching, knowing that he had not been instructed in the schools of the rabbis.

Apostleid haaras hirm iga kord, kui Jeesus Jeruusalemma läks. Nende kartus kasvas veelgi enam, kui nad kuulsid tema päev-päevalt üha julgemaks muutuvaid ütlusi oma maise missiooni kohta. Nad polnud harjunud kuulma Jeesuselt nii kindlaid väiteid ja hämmastavaid tõdemusi isegi sõprade seas.

162:1.11 (1790.3) Every time Jesus went to Jerusalem, his apostles were filled with terror. They were the more afraid as, from day to day, they listened to his increasingly bold pronouncements regarding the nature of his mission on earth. They were unaccustomed to hearing Jesus make such positive claims and such amazing assertions even when preaching among his friends.

2. Esimene templivestlus

2. The First Temple Talk

Esimesel õhtupoolikul, kui Jeesus templis õpetas, oli üsna suur seltskond istunud kuulama tema sõnu, mis kirjeldasid uue evangeeliumi vabadust ja headesse uudistesse uskujate rõõmu. Siis katkestas üks uudishimulik kuulaja teda oma küsimusega: „Õpetaja, kuidas sa saad nii ladusalt pühakirja tsiteerida ja rahvast õpetada, kui sulle kuulu järgi pole rabide teadmisi õpetatud?” Jeesus vastas: „Neid tõdesid, mida ma teile kuulutan, pole mulle keegi õpetanud. Ning see ei ole mitte minu õpetus, vaid Tema oma, kes mind on saatnud. Kui keegi soovib tõesti minu Isa tahet täita, saab ta kindlasti teada minu õpetusest, olgu see siis Jumala suust või minu käest. See, kes räägib enda eest, taotleb iseenda auhiilgust, ent kui mina kuulutan Isa sõnu, taotlen ma sellega tema auhiilgust, kes mind on saatnud. Ent kas ei peaks te enne, kui püüate uude valgusesse astuda, pigem järgima valgust, mis teil juba on? Mooses andis teile seaduse, aga kui paljud teist püüavad ausalt selle nõudeid täita? Mooses annab teile käsu „sa ei tohi tappa”, kuid hoolimata sellest püüavad mõned teie seast Inimese Poega tappa.”

162:2.1 (1790.4) The first afternoon that Jesus taught in the temple, a considerable company sat listening to his words depicting the liberty of the new gospel and the joy of those who believe the good news, when a curious listener interrupted him to ask: “Teacher, how is it you can quote the Scriptures and teach the people so fluently when I am told that you are untaught in the learning of the rabbis?” Jesus replied: “No man has taught me the truths which I declare to you. And this teaching is not mine but His who sent me. If any man really desires to do my Father’s will, he shall certainly know about my teaching, whether it be God’s or whether I speak for myself. He who speaks for himself seeks his own glory, but when I declare the words of the Father, I thereby seek the glory of him who sent me. But before you try to enter into the new light, should you not rather follow the light you already have? Moses gave you the law, yet how many of you honestly seek to fulfill its demands? Moses in this law enjoins you, saying, ‘You shall not kill’; notwithstanding this command some of you seek to kill the Son of Man.”

Kui rahvahulk neid sõnu kuulis, hakati omavahel ägedalt vaidlema. Mõned ütlesid, et ta on hull, teised — et deemon. Kolmandad arvasid, et ta on tõesti see Galilea prohvet, keda kirjatundjad ja variserid olid ammu tappa tahtnud. Mõned leidsid, et usuvõimud kardavad teda tülitada; teised uskusid, et teda polnud kinni võetud sellepärast, et olid hakanud Jeesusesse uskuma. Pärast pikki vaidlusi astus keegi rahva seast ette ja küsis Jeesuselt: „Miks valitsejad sind tappa tahavad?” Ja Jeesus vastas: „Valitsejad tahavad mind tappa sellepärast, et neile on vastumeelt minu õpetus headest uudistest taevariigi kohta; evangeelium, mis vabastab inimesed ametliku, tseremooniate religiooni koormavatest traditsioonidest, mida need õpetajad soovivad iga hinna eest säilitada. Nad sooritavad vastavalt seadusele sabatipäeval ümberlõikamist, kuid tapaksid mind selle eest, et ma vabastasin kord sabatipäeval ühe mehe tema vaevadest. Nad jälitavad mind sabati ajal, et minu järele nuhkida, kuid tahavad mind tappa selle eest, et ma otsustasin kord sabatipäeval raskesti haige mehe täiesti terveks teha. Nad soovivad mind tappa, sest teavad väga hästi, et kui te ausalt usute ja julgete mu õpetuse vastu võtta, paiskab see põrmu ja hävitab igaveseks nende traditsioonilise usuõpetuse. Nii jäävad nad ilma võimust selle üle, millele nad on pühendanud kogu oma elu, sest keelduvad kangekaelselt vastu võtmast uut ja õilsamat jumalariigi evangeeliumi. Ning nüüd kutsun ma teid kõiki otsustama mitte välise järgi, vaid pigem nende õpetuste tõelise vaimu järgi; otsustage õiglaselt.”

162:2.2 (1790.5) When the crowd heard these words, they fell to wrangling among themselves. Some said he was mad; some that he had a devil. Others said this was indeed the prophet of Galilee whom the scribes and Pharisees had long sought to kill. Some said the religious authorities were afraid to molest him; others thought that they laid not hands upon him because they had become believers in him. After considerable debate one of the crowd stepped forward and asked Jesus, “Why do the rulers seek to kill you?” And he replied: “The rulers seek to kill me because they resent my teaching about the good news of the kingdom, a gospel that sets men free from the burdensome traditions of a formal religion of ceremonies which these teachers are determined to uphold at any cost. They circumcise in accordance with the law on the Sabbath day, but they would kill me because I once on the Sabbath day set free a man held in the bondage of affliction. They follow after me on the Sabbath to spy on me but would kill me because on another occasion I chose to make a grievously stricken man completely whole on the Sabbath day. They seek to kill me because they well know that, if you honestly believe and dare to accept my teaching, their system of traditional religion will be overthrown, forever destroyed. Thus will they be deprived of authority over that to which they have devoted their lives since they steadfastly refuse to accept this new and more glorious gospel of the kingdom of God. And now do I appeal to every one of you: Judge not according to outward appearances but rather judge by the true spirit of these teachings; judge righteously.”

Siis küsis üks teine kuulaja: „Jah, Õpetaja, me otsime tõesti messiat, aga kui ta tuleb, siis me teame, et tema ilmumist varjab saladus. Me teame, kust sina oled tulnud. Sa oled olnud oma vendade seas algusest peale. Vabastaja tuleb väega Taaveti kuningriigi trooni taastama. Kas sa tõesti väidad end messia olevat?” Ja Jeesus vastas: „Sa väidad mind tundvat ja teadvat, kust ma olen tulnud. Hea oleks, kui sul oleks õigus, sest siis leiaksid sa sellest teadmisest tõesti küllaga elu. Aga mina kuulutan, et ma pole tulnud teie juurde iseenda pärast; mind on saatnud Isa, ja see, kes mind on saatnud, on tõeline ja ustav. Keeldudes kuulamast mind, keeldute vastu võtmast seda, kes mind on saatnud. Kui te selle evangeeliumi vastu võtate, saate tunda seda, kes mind on saatnud. Ma tunnen Isa, sest ma olen tulnud Isa juurest seda teile kuulutama ja ilmutama.”

162:2.3 (1791.1) Then said another inquirer: “Yes, Teacher, we do look for the Messiah, but when he comes, we know that his appearance will be in mystery. We know whence you are. You have been among your brethren from the beginning. The deliverer will come in power to restore the throne of David’s kingdom. Do you really claim to be the Messiah?” And Jesus replied: “You claim to know me and to know whence I am. I wish your claims were true, for indeed then would you find abundant life in that knowledge. But I declare that I have not come to you for myself; I have been sent by the Father, and he who sent me is true and faithful. By refusing to hear me, you are refusing to receive Him who sends me. You, if you will receive this gospel, shall come to know Him who sent me. I know the Father, for I have come from the Father to declare and reveal him to you.”

Kirjatundjate saadikud tahtsid Jeesust kinni võtta, kuid kartsid rahvahulka, sest paljud uskusid temasse. Jeesuse ristimisjärgne tegevus oli juba kogu juutkonnale hästi teada ja paljud inimesed rääkisid neist asjust isekeskis: „Ehkki see õpetaja on Galileast ega vasta kõigile meie messia ootustele, ei tea me, kas vabastaja, kui ta ükskord tuleb, teeb tegelikult midagi imelisemat, kui see Jeesus Naatsaretlane on juba teinud.”

162:2.4 (1791.2) The agents of the scribes wanted to lay hands upon him, but they feared the multitude, for many believed in him. Jesus’ work since his baptism had become well known to all Jewry, and as many of these people recounted these things, they said among themselves: “Even though this teacher is from Galilee, and even though he does not meet all of our expectations of the Messiah, we wonder if the deliverer, when he does come, will really do anything more wonderful than this Jesus of Nazareth has already done.”

Kui variserid ja nende saadikud kuulsid inimesi nii kõnelemas, arutasid nad seda oma juhtidega ja otsustasid, et tuleb kohe midagi teha, lõpetamaks need Jeesuse avalikud esinemised templiõuedel. Juutide juhid soovisid kokkupõrget Jeesusega üldiselt vältida, arvates, et Rooma ametivõimud on talle lubanud puutumatuse. Nad ei osanud tema julget ilmumist Jeruusalemma millegi muuga seletada, aga Suurkohtu ametnikud ei jäänud seda kuulujuttu päriselt uskuma. Nad jõudsid järeldusele, et Rooma valitsejad ei teeks midagi niisugust salaja ega juudi rahva kõrgeima valitsusorgani teadmata.

162:2.5 (1791.3) When the Pharisees and their agents heard the people talking this way, they took counsel with their leaders and decided that something should be done forthwith to put a stop to these public appearances of Jesus in the temple courts. The leaders of the Jews, in general, were disposed to avoid a clash with Jesus, believing that the Roman authorities had promised him immunity. They could not otherwise account for his boldness in coming at this time to Jerusalem; but the officers of the Sanhedrin did not wholly believe this rumor. They reasoned that the Roman rulers would not do such a thing secretly and without the knowledge of the highest governing body of the Jewish nation.

Nii saadeti Suurkohtu vastav ametnik Eber koos kahe abilisega Jeesust vahistama. Kui Eber Jeesuse suunas astus, ütles Meister: „Ära karda mulle läheneda. Astu ligi ja kuula mu õpetust. Ma tean, et sind on saadetud mind vahistama, ent sa peaksid aru saama, et Inimese Pojaga ei juhtu midagi enne, kui tema tund on tulnud. Sa ei ole minu vastu meelestatud, sa tuled ainult oma isandate käsku täitma ja ka need juutide valitsejad arvavad tegelikult, et teenivad Jumalat, kui salaja minu hävitamist taotlevad.

162:2.6 (1791.4) Accordingly, Eber, the proper officer of the Sanhedrin, with two assistants was dispatched to arrest Jesus. As Eber made his way toward Jesus, the Master said: “Fear not to approach me. Draw near while you listen to my teaching. I know you have been sent to apprehend me, but you should understand that nothing will befall the Son of Man until his hour comes. You are not arrayed against me; you come only to do the bidding of your masters, and even these rulers of the Jews verily think they are doing God’s service when they secretly seek my destruction.

Ma ei kanna teie kellegi vastu viha. Isa armastab teid ja seepärast igatsen ma teie vabanemist eelarvamuste ja pimedate traditsioonide kütkeist. Pakun teile eluvabadust ja pääsemisrõõmu. Kuulutan uut ja elavat teed, pääsemist kurjast ja patukütkete murdmist. Tulin selleks, et teil oleks elu ning et see oleks igavene. Te püüate minust ja mu häirivatest õpetustest lahti saada. Kui te vaid mõistaksite, et mulle on määratud olla teiega üksnes lühikest aega! Mõne aja pärast lähen Tema juurde, kes mind sellesse maailma on saatnud. Siis hakkavad paljud teist usinalt mind otsima, kuid te ei leia mind siit, sest sinna, kuhu mina peagi lähen, te tulla ei saa. Ent kõik, kes tõeliselt mind otsivad, saavutavad kunagi elu, mis viib minu Isa juurde.”

162:2.7 (1792.1) “I bear none of you ill will. The Father loves you, and therefore do I long for your deliverance from the bondage of prejudice and the darkness of tradition. I offer you the liberty of life and the joy of salvation. I proclaim the new and living way, the deliverance from evil and the breaking of the bondage of sin. I have come that you might have life, and have it eternally. You seek to be rid of me and my disquieting teachings. If you could only realize that I am to be with you only a little while! In just a short time I go to Him who sent me into this world. And then will many of you diligently seek me, but you shall not discover my presence, for where I am about to go you cannot come. But all who truly seek to find me shall sometime attain the life that leads to my Father’s presence.”

Mõned pilkajad rääkisid isekeskis: „Kuhu see mees küll läheb, et me teda leida ei suuda? Kas ta läheb kreeklaste sekka elama? Kas ta kavatseb end hävitada? Mida ta sellega küll mõtleb, kui ütleb, et lahkub peagi meie juurest ja et meie ei saa sinna minna, kuhu tema läheb?”

162:2.8 (1792.2) Some of the scoffers said among themselves: “Where will this man go that we cannot find him? Will he go to live among the Greeks? Will he destroy himself? What can he mean when he declares that soon he will depart from us, and that we cannot go where he goes?”

Eber ja tema abilised keeldusid Jeesust vahistamast, nad pöördusid tagasi ilma temata. Kui ülempreestrid ja variserid Eberit ja tema abilisi selle eest noomisid, et nad polnud Jeesust kaasa toonud, vastas Eber ainult: „Me kartsime teda rahva seas vahistada, sest paljud usuvad temasse. Pealegi pole me veel kunagi kuulnud kedagi tema kombel rääkimas. Selles õpetajas on midagi erakordset. Teil kõigil tasuks teda kuulama minna.” Ja kui ülemvalitsejad neid sõnu kuulsid, olid nad hämmastunud ja pilkasid Eberit: „Kas ta on ka sind eksiteele viinud? Kas sa oled hakanud seda petturit uskuma? Kas sa oled kuulnud, et mõni meie õpetlastest või valitsejatest on temasse uskuma jäänud? Kas on mõni kirjatundja või variser lasknud end tema kavalatest õpetustest petta? Kuidas sa küll lased end mõjutada selle harimatu rahvahulga käitumisest, kes seadusi ega prohveteid ei tunne? Kas sa siis ei tea, et see õpetamata rahvas on neetud?” Ja Eber vastas: „Aga mu isandad, see mees räägib rahvale halastuse ja lootuse sõnu. Ta virgutab rõhutuid ja tema sõnad olid trööstiks ka meie hingedele. Mis võib neis õpetustes väära olla, kui ta ka ei ole pühakirjade messias? Ning kas meie seadused ei nõua õiglust? Kas me mõistame inimese süüdi teda ära kuulamata?” Ja Suurkohtu ülem vihastas Eberi peale ning ütles: „Oled sa hulluks läinud? Ega sinagi juhuslikult Galileast ei ole? uuri pühakirju ja sa näed, et Galileast ei tule ühtki prohvetit, ammugi mitte messiat.”

162:2.9 (1792.3) Eber and his assistants refused to arrest Jesus; they returned to their meeting place without him. When, therefore, the chief priests and the Pharisees upbraided Eber and his assistants because they had not brought Jesus with them, Eber only replied: “We feared to arrest him in the midst of the multitude because many believe in him. Besides, we never heard a man speak like this man. There is something out of the ordinary about this teacher. You would all do well to go over to hear him.” And when the chief rulers heard these words, they were astonished and spoke tauntingly to Eber: “Are you also led astray? Are you about to believe in this deceiver? Have you heard that any of our learned men or any of the rulers have believed in him? Have any of the scribes or the Pharisees been deceived by his clever teachings? How does it come that you are influenced by the behavior of this ignorant multitude who know not the law or the prophets? Do you not know that such untaught people are accursed?” And then answered Eber: “Even so, my masters, but this man speaks to the multitude words of mercy and hope. He cheers the downhearted, and his words were comforting even to our souls. What can there be wrong in these teachings even though he may not be the Messiah of the Scriptures? And even then does not our law require fairness? Do we condemn a man before we hear him?” And the chief of the Sanhedrin was wroth with Eber and, turning upon him, said: “Have you gone mad? Are you by any chance also from Galilee? Search the Scriptures, and you will discover that out of Galilee arises no prophet, much less the Messiah.”

Suurkohus läks segaduses laiali ja Jeesus siirdus Betaaniasse öömajale.

162:2.10 (1792.4) The Sanhedrin disbanded in confusion, and Jesus withdrew to Bethany for the night.

3. Abielurikkumiselt tabatud naine

3. The Woman Taken in Adultery

Selle külaskäigu ajal Jeruusalemma tuli Jeesusel tegemist teha ühe halva kuulsusega naisega. Naise tõid Jeesuse ette isikud, kes süüdistasid naist ja olid samas Jeesuse vastased. Teie ürikutes esitatud moonutatud loo alusel võiks arvata, et selle naise tõid Jeesuse juurde kirjatundjad ja variserid ning et Jeesus oma käitumisega soovis näidata, nagu oleksid need juutide usujuhid ise moraalitud. Jeesus teadis hästi, et ehkki kirjatundjad ja variserid olid vaimupimedad ja ustavus traditsioonidele oli neis tekitanud intellektuaalseid eelarvamusi, tuli nad siiski arvata oma ajastu ja põlvkonna kõige sügavama moraaliga isikute hulka.

162:3.1 (1792.5) It was during this visit to Jerusalem that Jesus dealt with a certain woman of evil repute who was brought into his presence by her accusers and his enemies. The distorted record you have of this episode would suggest that this woman had been brought before Jesus by the scribes and Pharisees, and that Jesus so dealt with them as to indicate that these religious leaders of the Jews might themselves have been guilty of immorality. Jesus well knew that, while these scribes and Pharisees were spiritually blind and intellectually prejudiced by their loyalty to tradition, they were to be numbered among the most thoroughly moral men of that day and generation.

Tegelikult oli lugu järgmine: kui Jeesus pidustuste kolmanda päeva varahommikul templile lähenes, tuli talle vastu rühm Suurkohtu palgatud saadikuid, kes vedasid endaga kaasa üht naist. Kui nad lähemale jõudsid, ütles nende juht: „Meister, see naine tabati abielurikkumiselt — otse teolt. Nüüd käsib Moosese seadus meil see naine kividega surnuks visata. Mis sa ütled, mis temaga tuleks teha?”

162:3.2 (1793.1) What really happened was this: Early the third morning of the feast, as Jesus approached the temple, he was met by a group of the hired agents of the Sanhedrin who were dragging a woman along with them. As they came near, the spokesman said: “Master, this woman was taken in adultery — in the very act. Now, the law of Moses commands that we should stone such a woman. What do you say should be done with her?”

Jeesuse vaenlaste plaani järgi oleks Meister juhul, kui ta oleks toetanud Moosese seadust, mille kohaselt süü üles tunnistanud patustaja tuleb kividega surnuks pilduda, sattunud vastuollu Rooma valitsejatega, kes olid keelanud juutidel surmanuhtlust täide viia ilma Rooma kohtu otsuseta. Kui ta oleks keelanud naist kividega surnuks pilduda, oleksid nad teda Suurkohtu ees süüdistanud enese Moosesest ja juudi seadustest kõrgemale seadmises. Kui ta oleks vaikinud, oleksid nad teda süüdistanud arguses. Meister aga lahendas olukorra nii, et kogu vandenõu varises omaenda räpase raskuse all kokku.

162:3.3 (1793.2) It was the plan of Jesus’ enemies, if he upheld the law of Moses requiring that the self-confessed transgressor be stoned, to involve him in difficulty with the Roman rulers, who had denied the Jews the right to inflict the death penalty without the approval of a Roman tribunal. If he forbade stoning the woman, they would accuse him before the Sanhedrin of setting himself up above Moses and the Jewish law. If he remained silent, they would accuse him of cowardice. But the Master so managed the situation that the whole plot fell to pieces of its own sordid weight.

See kunagi nägus naine oli ühe Naatsareti allakäinud linnakodaniku abikaasa ja tema mehega oli Jeesus kogu oma nooruse kimpus olnud. Abiellunud selle naisega, oli mees häbitult sundinud naist oma kehaga neile mõlemale elatist teenima. Mees oli tulnud Jeruusalemma pidustustele selleks, et naine võiks siin oma kehavõlusid müüa. Nüüd oli ta sõlminud juudi valitsejate palgatud meestega kokkuleppe, et reeta naine kirjeldatud viisil, kui too tegeleb oma pahelise äriga. Ja nii nad tõidki naise ja tema kaaslase kohale, et meelitada Jeesus lõksu ja sundida teda ütlema midagi, mida võiks kasutada vahistamisel tema vastu.

162:3.4 (1793.3) This woman, once comely, was the wife of an inferior citizen of Nazareth, a man who had been a troublemaker for Jesus throughout his youthful days. The man, having married this woman, did most shamefully force her to earn their living by making commerce of her body. He had come up to the feast at Jerusalem that his wife might thus prostitute her physical charms for financial gain. He had entered into a bargain with the hirelings of the Jewish rulers thus to betray his own wife in her commercialized vice. And so they came with the woman and her companion in transgression for the purpose of ensnaring Jesus into making some statement which could be used against him in case of his arrest.

Üle rahvahulga vaadates nägi Jeesus naise abikaasat teiste taga seismas. Ta teadis, missuguse mehega on tegemist, ja mõistis, et too on selle armetu vandenõuga seotud. Kõigepealt läks Jeesus ümber rahvahulga selle allakäinud mehe juurde ja kirjutas liivale mõned sõnad, mis sundisid meest kiiruga lahkuma. Siis tuli Meister tagasi naise juurde ja kirjutas tema süüdistajate jaoks maha mõned sõnad ning nemadki läksid ükshaaval minema, kui olid neid sõnu lugenud. Kui Jeesus kolmandat korda liivale kirjutas, lahkus naise kaaspatustaja, nii et Meister nägi oma kirjutise kohalt tõustes naist üksi enda ees seismas. Jeesus ütles: „Naine, kus on su süüdistajad? Kas kedagi ei jäänud siia sind kividega pilduma?” Ja naine vastas silmi tõstes: „Mitte kedagi, Issand.” Ning siis ütles Jeesus: „Ma tean sinu lugu, ka mina ei mõista sind hukka. Mine rahus oma teed.” Ning see naine, Hildana, hülgas oma nurjatu mehe ja ühines taevariigi jüngritega.

162:3.5 (1793.4) Jesus, looking over the crowd, saw her husband standing behind the others. He knew what sort of man he was and perceived that he was a party to the despicable transaction. Jesus first walked around to near where this degenerate husband stood and wrote upon the sand a few words which caused him to depart in haste. Then he came back before the woman and wrote again upon the ground for the benefit of her would-be accusers; and when they read his words, they, too, went away, one by one. And when the Master had written in the sand the third time, the woman’s companion in evil took his departure, so that, when the Master raised himself up from this writing, he beheld the woman standing alone before him. Jesus said: “Woman, where are your accusers? did no man remain to stone you?” And the woman, lifting up her eyes, answered, “No man, Lord.” And then said Jesus: “I know about you; neither do I condemn you. Go your way in peace.” And this woman, Hildana, forsook her wicked husband and joined herself to the disciples of the kingdom.

4. Lehtmajadepüha

4. The Feast of Tabernacles

Tänu sellele, et rahvast oli kokku tulnud kogu teadaolevast maailmast Hispaaniast Indiani, oli lehtmajadepüha Jeesusele ideaalne võimalus kuulutada esmakordselt Jeruusalemmas avalikult ja täies mahus oma evangeeliumi. Rahvas viibis sellel pühal palju vabas õhus, lehtlates. Kuna see oli viljakoristuspüha ning seda peeti jahedatel sügiskuudel, külastasid seda kogu maailma juudid isegi rohkem kui talve lõpul paasapüha või suve hakul nelipüha pidustusi. Apostlid nägid viimaks, kuidas Meister kuulutas julgesti vaat et kogu maailmale, milline on tema maapealne missioon.

162:4.1 (1793.5) The presence of people from all of the known world, from Spain to India, made the feast of tabernacles an ideal occasion for Jesus for the first time publicly to proclaim his full gospel in Jerusalem. At this feast the people lived much in the open air, in leafy booths. It was the feast of the harvest ingathering, and coming, as it did, in the cool of the autumn months, it was more generally attended by the Jews of the world than was the Passover at the end of the winter or Pentecost at the beginning of summer. The apostles at last beheld their Master making the bold announcement of his mission on earth before all the world, as it were.

See oli eriti tähtis püha, sest selle ajal sai tuua teistel pidustustel toomata jäänud mis tahes ohvreid. See oli templile toodavate ohvriandide vastuvõtu tseremoonia, milles ühendati puhkuserõõmud pühalike usuriitustega. Siin oli rahval aega rõõmustada, tuua ohvreid, laulda leviitide laule ja kuulata preestrite hõbedaste pasunate pidulikke helisid. Õhtuti pakkusid tempel ja palverändurite hordid, millele langes naisteõuel heledalt põlevate suurte kandelaabrite ja kümnete templiõuedel seisvate tõrvikute ere valgus, mõjuvõimast vaatepilti. Kogu linn oli rõõmsates värvides, välja arvatud Rooma kindlus Antonia, mis vaatas sünge kontrastina alla sellele pidulikule ja palveldavale peopaigale. Kui väga juudid vihkasid seda Rooma ikke pidevat meenutajat!

162:4.2 (1794.1) This was the feast of feasts, since any sacrifice not made at the other festivals could be made at this time. This was the occasion of the reception of the temple offerings; it was a combination of vacation pleasures with the solemn rites of religious worship. Here was a time of racial rejoicing, mingled with sacrifices, Levitical chants, and the solemn blasts of the silvery trumpets of the priests. At night the impressive spectacle of the temple and its pilgrim throngs was brilliantly illuminated by the great candelabras which burned brightly in the court of the women as well as by the glare of scores of torches standing about the temple courts. The entire city was gaily decorated except the Roman castle of Antonia, which looked down in grim contrast upon this festive and worshipful scene. And how the Jews did hate this ever-present reminder of the Roman yoke!

Pidustuste ajal ohverdati seitsekümmend härga, mis sümboliseerisid seitsetkümmet paganarahvast. Veevalamistseremoonia sümboliseeris jumaliku vaimu väljavalamist. See veetseremoonia järgnes preestrite ja leviitide rongkäigule, mis toimus päikesetõusu ajal. Palveldajad laskusid Iisraeli õuelt mööda treppi naiste õuele, neid saatsid hõbedaste pasunate üksteisele järgnevad huigatused. Siis marssisid usklikud edasi kauni värava poole, mis avanes paganate õuele. Seal pöördusid nad näoga läände, et korrata oma laule, ja jätkasid teed sümboolse vee suunas.

162:4.3 (1794.2) Seventy bullocks were sacrificed during the feast, the symbol of the seventy nations of heathendom. The ceremony of the outpouring of the water symbolized the outpouring of the divine spirit. This ceremony of the water followed the sunrise procession of the priests and Levites. The worshipers passed down the steps leading from the court of Israel to the court of the women while successive blasts were blown upon the silvery trumpets. And then the faithful marched on toward the beautiful gate, which opened upon the court of the gentiles. Here they turned about to face westward, to repeat their chants, and to continue their march for the symbolic water.

Pidustuste viimasel päeval oli oma ametikohustusi täitmas peaaegu nelisada viiskümmend preestrit koos sama arvu leviitidega. Koidu ajal tuli palverändureid linna kõigist osadest, igaühel paremas käes mirdi-, paju-ja palmiokstest kimp ning vasakus käes oks paradiisiõunaga — näsasidruniga ehk „keelatud viljaga”. Palverändurid jagunesid selleks varahommikuseks tseremooniaks kolme rühma. Üks rühm jäi templisse, et osa võtta hommikustest ohverdustest, teine läks Jeruusalemmast välja Maza lähistele ohvrialtari kaunistamiseks pajuoksi lõikama, kolmas aga järgnes rongkäigus veepreestrile, kes kandis hõbedaste pasunate helide saatel kuldkannu, et see täita sümboolse veega. Nad läksid Ofeli kaudu välja Siiloahi lähistele, kus asus allikavärav. Kuldkann Siiloahi tiigis täidetud, tuli rongkäik templisse tagasi, sisenes Veevärava kaudu ja liikus otse preestrite õuele, kus veekannu kandva preestriga ühines joogiohvri veini kandev preester. Seejärel siirdusid need kaks preestrit altari jalamini viivate hõbelehtrite juurde ja valasid neisse kannude sisu. Selle veini-ja veevalamisriituse sooritamine oli kogunenud palveränduritele märgiks laulda vaheldumisi leviitidega 113. kuni 118. psalmi, viimane kaasa arvatud. Ning neid ridu korrates lehvitasid nad altari ees oma kimpe. Sellele järgnesid päeva ohverdamised koos päeva laulu laulmisega, milleks pidustuste viimasel päeval oli kaheksakümne teine psalm viiendast salmist alates.

162:4.4 (1794.3) On the last day of the feast almost four hundred and fifty priests with a corresponding number of Levites officiated. At daybreak the pilgrims assembled from all parts of the city, each carrying in the right hand a sheaf of myrtle, willow, and palm branches, while in the left hand each one carried a branch of the paradise apple — the citron, or the “forbidden fruit.” These pilgrims divided into three groups for this early morning ceremony. One band remained at the temple to attend the morning sacrifices; another group marched down below Jerusalem to near Maza to cut the willow branches for the adornment of the sacrificial altar, while the third group formed a procession to march from the temple behind the water priest, who, to the sound of the silvery trumpets, bore the golden pitcher which was to contain the symbolic water, out through Ophel to near Siloam, where was located the fountain gate. After the golden pitcher had been filled at the pool of Siloam, the procession marched back to the temple, entering by way of the water gate and going directly to the court of the priests, where the priest bearing the water pitcher was joined by the priest bearing the wine for the drink offering. These two priests then repaired to the silver funnels leading to the base of the altar and poured the contents of the pitchers therein. The execution of this rite of pouring the wine and the water was the signal for the assembled pilgrims to begin the chanting of the Psalms from 113 to 118 inclusive, in alternation with the Levites. And as they repeated these lines, they would wave their sheaves at the altar. Then followed the sacrifices for the day, associated with the repeating of the Psalm for the day, the Psalm for the last day of the feast being the eighty-second, beginning with the fifth verse.

5. Jutlus maailma valgusest

5. Sermon on the Light of the World

Pidustuste eelviimase päeva õhtul, kui kandelaabrid ja tõrvikud peopaika eredalt valgustasid, tõusis Jeesus kogunenud rahva seas püsti ja ütles:

162:5.1 (1794.4) On the evening of the next to the last day of the feast, when the scene was brilliantly illuminated by the lights of the candelabras and the torches, Jesus stood up in the midst of the assembled throng and said:

„Mina olen maailma valgus. See, kes minu järel käib, ei kõnni pimeduses, vaid tal on elu valgus. Kui te julgete minu üle kohut mõista ja söandate minu kohtunikud olla, siis ütlete sellega, et tunnistused, mis ma ise enda kohta annan, ei ole õiged. Ent loodud-olend ei saa kunagi Looja üle kohut mõista. Ehkki ma enda kohta ise tunnistusi annan, on minu tunnistus igikestvalt tõsi, sest ma tean, kust ma olen tulnud, kes ma olen ja kuhu ma lähen. Need, kes tahavad tappa Inimese Poja, ei tea, kust ma olen tulnud, kes ma olen ja kuhu ma lähen. Te otsustate ainult lihaliku välimuse järgi, te ei taju vaimureaalsusi. Mina ei mõista kohut ühegi inimese üle, isegi mitte oma põlisvaenlase üle. Kui ma aga otsustaksin kohut mõista, oleks minu otsus tõene ja õiglane, sest ma ei otsustaks mitte üksi, vaid koos oma Isaga, kes mind maailma saatis ja on kogu tõese kohtumõistmise allikas. Teiegi möönate, et nõustuda võib tunnistusega, mille annavad kaks usaldusväärset isikut — seega tunnistan mina neid tõdesid ning sama teeb ka minu taevane Isa. Ja kui ma teile seda eile ütlesin, küsisite teie oma pimeduses minult: „Kus su Isa on?” Te tõesti ei tunne ei mind ega mu Isa, sest kui te mind tunneksite, tunneksite ka minu Isa.

162:5.2 (1795.1) “I am the light of the world. He who follows me shall not walk in darkness but shall have the light of life. Presuming to place me on trial and assuming to sit as my judges, you declare that, if I bear witness of myself, my witness cannot be true. But never can the creature sit in judgment on the Creator. Even if I do bear witness about myself, my witness is everlastingly true, for I know whence I came, who I am, and whither I go. You who would kill the Son of Man know not whence I came, who I am, or whither I go. You only judge by the appearances of the flesh; you do not perceive the realities of the spirit. I judge no man, not even my archenemy. But if I should choose to judge, my judgment would be true and righteous, for I would judge not alone but in association with my Father, who sent me into the world, and who is the source of all true judgment. You even allow that the witness of two reliable persons may be accepted — well, then, I bear witness of these truths; so also does my Father in heaven. And when I told you this yesterday, in your darkness you asked me, ‘Where is your Father?’ Truly, you know neither me nor my Father, for if you had known me, you would also have known the Father.

Olen teile juba rääkinud, et ma lahkun siit ning et te hakkate mind otsima ega leia mind, sest te ei saa tulla sinna, kuhu lähen mina. Teie, kes te selle valguse tagasi lükkate, olete tulnud altpoolt; mina olen ülevalt. Teie, kes te eelistate jääda pimedusse, olete sellest maailmast; mina ei ole sellest maailmast ja ma elan valguste Isa igaveses valguses. Teil kõigil on küllalt võimalusi saada teada, kes ma olen, kuid teil on ka muid tõendeid, mis Inimese Poja isikut kinnitavad. Mina olen elu valgus ja kõik, kes tahtlikult ja arusaamisega selle päästva valguse tagasi lükkavad, surevad oma pattudes. Mul on teile veel palju öelda, kuid te ei suuda mu sõnu vastu võtta. Ent see, kes mind on saatnud, on tõeline ja ustav; minu Isa armastab isegi oma eksivaid lapsi. Ning kõike seda, mis mu Isa on kõnelnud, kuulutan ma ka maailmale.

162:5.3 (1795.2) “I have already told you that I am going away, and that you will seek me and not find me, for where I am going you cannot come. You who would reject this light are from beneath; I am from above. You who prefer to sit in darkness are of this world; I am not of this world, and I live in the eternal light of the Father of lights. You all have had abundant opportunity to learn who I am, but you shall have still other evidence confirming the identity of the Son of Man. I am the light of life, and every one who deliberately and with understanding rejects this saving light shall die in his sins. Much I have to tell you, but you are unable to receive my words. However, he who sent me is true and faithful; my Father loves even his erring children. And all that my Father has spoken I also proclaim to the world.

Kui Inimese Poeg üles tõstetakse, saate kõik teada, et mina olengi tema ning et ma pole midagi teinud omapead, vaid ainult Isa õpetuste järgi. Ma räägin neid sõnu teile ja teie lastele. Ning see, kes mind saatis, on praegugi minuga; ta pole mind üksi jätnud, sest ma teen alati talle meelepäraseid tegusid.”

162:5.4 (1795.3) “When the Son of Man is lifted up, then shall you all know that I am he, and that I have done nothing of myself but only as the Father has taught me. I speak these words to you and to your children. And he who sent me is even now with me; he has not left me alone, for I do always that which is pleasing in his sight.”

Kui Jeesus palverändureid templiõuedel selliselt õpetas, uskusid teda paljud. Ja keegi ei julgenud teda kinni võtta.

162:5.5 (1795.4) As Jesus thus taught the pilgrims in the temple courts, many believed. And no man dared to lay hands upon him.

6. Arutlus eluveest

6. Discourse on the Water of Life

Viimasel päeval, pidustuste suurpäeval, kui Siiloahi tiigi äärest saabunud rongkäik tuli läbi templiõuede ja preestrid olid just vee ja veini altarile valanud, ütles Jeesus palverändurite seas seistes: „Kui kellelgi on janu, tulgu ta minu juurde ja joogu. Mina toon kõrgelt Isa juurest sellele maailmale eluvett. See, kes mind usub, täitub vaimuga, mida see vesi sümboliseerib, sest isegi pühakirjas on öeldud: „Temast voolavad elava vee jõed.” Kui Inimese Poeg on maa peal oma töö lõpetanud, valatakse kogu liha peale elavat Tõe Vaimu. Need, kes selle vaimu vastu võtavad, ei tunne enam kunagi vaimset janu.”

162:6.1 (1795.5) On the last day, the great day of the feast, as the procession from the pool of Siloam passed through the temple courts, and just after the water and the wine had been poured down upon the altar by the priests, Jesus, standing among the pilgrims, said: “If any man thirst, let him come to me and drink. From the Father above I bring to this world the water of life. He who believes me shall be filled with the spirit which this water represents, for even the Scriptures have said, ‘Out of him shall flow rivers of living waters.’ When the Son of Man has finished his work on earth, there shall be poured out upon all flesh the living Spirit of Truth. Those who receive this spirit shall never know spiritual thirst.”

Jeesus ei katkestanud nende sõnade ütlemiseks teenistust. Ta pöördus palveldajate poole kohe, kui oli lauldud halleluujat, seda psalmikatket, mille saatel altari ees oksi lehvitati. Sellele järgnes paus, mille kestel ohvreid ette valmistati, ja just sel ajal kuulsid palverändurid Meistri lummavat häält kuulutamas, et ta on elava vee andja igale vaimujanus hingele.

162:6.2 (1795.6) Jesus did not interrupt the service to speak these words. He addressed the worshipers immediately after the chanting of the Hallel, the responsive reading of the Psalms accompanied by waving of the branches before the altar. Just here was a pause while the sacrifices were being prepared, and it was at this time that the pilgrims heard the fascinating voice of the Master declare that he was the giver of living water to every spirit-thirsting soul.

Selle varahommikuse teenistuse lõpus jätkas Jeesus rahvahulga õpetamist, öeldes: „Kas te pole siis pühakirjast lugenud: „Sest ma valan janusele vett ja kuivale voogusid, ma valan sinu soo peale oma Vaimu ja su järglaste peale oma õnnistuse”? Miks te janunete vaimse hoolekande järele, kui ometi otsite hingekosutust inimeste traditsioonide veest, mida valatakse tseremooniateenistuse katkistest kannudest? Sellega, mida te siin templis näete, püüdsid teie isad sümboliseerida jumaliku vaimu annetamist usulastele; te tegite õigesti, et need sümbolid tänapäevani alles hoidsite. Ent sellele põlvkonnale on nüüd tulnud vaimude Isa ilmutus tema Poja annetumise kaudu ja kõigele sellele järgneb kindlasti Isa ja Poja vaimu annetamine inimeste lastele. Igaüks, kellel on usku, saab selle vaimu annetamise kaudu tõelise õpetaja, kes näitab teed, mis viib igikestva eluni, tõeliste eluveteni taevariigis maa peal ja Isa Paradiisis selle kohal.”

162:6.3 (1796.1) At the conclusion of this early morning service Jesus continued to teach the multitude, saying: “Have you not read in the Scripture: ‘Behold, as the waters are poured out upon the dry ground and spread over the parched soil, so will I give the spirit of holiness to be poured out upon your children for a blessing even to your children’s children’? Why will you thirst for the ministry of the spirit while you seek to water your souls with the traditions of men, poured from the broken pitchers of ceremonial service? That which you see going on about this temple is the way in which your fathers sought to symbolize the bestowal of the divine spirit upon the children of faith, and you have done well to perpetuate these symbols, even down to this day. But now has come to this generation the revelation of the Father of spirits through the bestowal of his Son, and all of this will certainly be followed by the bestowal of the spirit of the Father and the Son upon the children of men. To every one who has faith shall this bestowal of the spirit become the true teacher of the way which leads to life everlasting, to the true waters of life in the kingdom of heaven on earth and in the Father’s Paradise over there.”

Ning seejärel jätkas Jeesus rahvalt ja variseridelt tulnud küsimustele vastamist. Mõned pidasid teda prohvetiks; teised uskusid, et ta on messias; kolmandad ütlesid, et ta ei saa olla Kristus, sest ta on tulnud Galileast, ning et messias peab taastama Taaveti trooni. Ent nad ei julgenud ikka veel teda vahistada.

162:6.4 (1796.2) And Jesus continued to answer the questions of both the multitude and the Pharisees. Some thought he was a prophet; some believed him to be the Messiah; others said he could not be the Christ, seeing that he came from Galilee, and that the Messiah must restore David’s throne. Still they dared not arrest him.

7. Arutlus vaimsest vabadusest

7. The Discourse on Spiritual Freedom

Pidustuste viimase päeva õhtupoolikul, pärast apostlite ebaõnnestunud katseid veenda teda Jeruusalemmast põgenema, läks Jeesus jälle templisse õpetama. Leidnud Saalomoni terrassil eest sinna kogunenud suure uskujaterühma, ütles ta neile:

162:7.1 (1796.3) On the afternoon of the last day of the feast and after the apostles had failed in their efforts to persuade him to flee from Jerusalem, Jesus again went into the temple to teach. Finding a large company of believers assembled in Solomon’s Porch, he spoke to them, saying:

„Kui mu sõnad jäävad teiega ja te tahate täita minu Isa tahet, siis olete tõesti minu jüngrid. Te saate tunda tõde ja see tõde vabastab teid. Ma tean, mida te mulle vastate: me oleme Aabrahami lapsed ega ole kellegi orjad, kuidas saab meid vabastada? Ent ma ei räägi välisest allumisest kellegi võimule, ma pean silmas hinge vabadust. Tõesti, tõesti, ma ütlen teile, igaüks, kes teeb pattu, on patu pärisori. Ja te teate, et pärisori ei jää tõenäoliselt igavesti isanda kotta. Samuti teate, et poeg jääb oma isa kotta. Kui nüüd Poeg teid vabastab ja poegadeks teeb, olete tõepoolest vabad.

162:7.2 (1796.4) “If my words abide in you and you are minded to do the will of my Father, then are you truly my disciples. You shall know the truth, and the truth shall make you free. I know how you will answer me: We are the children of Abraham, and we are in bondage to none; how then shall we be made free? Even so, I do not speak of outward subjection to another’s rule; I refer to the liberties of the soul. Verily, verily, I say to you, everyone who commits sin is the bond servant of sin. And you know that the bond servant is not likely to abide forever in the master’s house. You also know that the son does remain in his father’s house. If, therefore, the Son shall make you free, shall make you sons, you shall be free indeed.

Ma tean, et te olete Aabrahami sugu, kuid teie juhid püüavad mind tappa, sest mu sõnal pole lastud nende hinges oma muundavat mõju avaldada. Nende hinged on pitseeritud eelarvamusega ja pimestatud kättemaksuhimulise uhkusega. Mina kuulutan teile tõde, mida igavene Isa mulle näitab, need eksiteele sattunud õpetajad püüavad aga teha vaid seda, mida nad on õppinud oma ajalikelt isadelt. Kui te vastate, et teie isa on Aabraham, siis ma ütlen teile, et kui te oleksite Aabrahami lapsed, siis te teeksite Aabrahami tegusid. Mõned teist usuvad mu õpetusse, teised aga püüavad mind hävitada, sest ma olen rääkinud teile tõde, mille olen saanud Jumalalt. Aabraham aga ei kohelnud Jumala tõde selliselt. Ma näen, et mõned teist on kindlalt otsustanud teha kurje tegusid. Kui Jumal oleks teie Isa, siis tunneksite mind ja armastaksite tõde, mida ma ilmutan. Kas te ei näe, et ma tulen Isa juurest, et ma olen Jumala saadetud, et ma ei tee seda tööd omapead? Miks ei saa te minu sõnadest aru? Kas sellepärast, et olete otsustanud saada kurja lasteks? Kui te olete pimeduse lapsed, hakkate vaevalt küll kõndima selle tõe valguses, mida mina ilmutan. Kurja lapsed järgivad vaid oma isa, kes oli pettur ega seisnud tõe eest, sest temas polnud tõde. Nüüd aga tuleb Inimese Poeg tõde rääkima ja selle järgi elama, ning paljud teist keelduvad uskumast.

162:7.3 (1796.5) “I know that you are Abraham’s seed, yet your leaders seek to kill me because my word has not been allowed to have its transforming influence in their hearts. Their souls are sealed by prejudice and blinded by the pride of revenge. I declare to you the truth which the eternal Father shows me, while these deluded teachers seek to do the things which they have learned only from their temporal fathers. And when you reply that Abraham is your father, then do I tell you that, if you were the children of Abraham, you would do the works of Abraham. Some of you believe my teaching, but others seek to destroy me because I have told you the truth which I received from God. But Abraham did not so treat the truth of God. I perceive that some among you are determined to do the works of the evil one. If God were your Father, you would know me and love the truth which I reveal. Will you not see that I come forth from the Father, that I am sent by God, that I am not doing this work of myself? Why do you not understand my words? Is it because you have chosen to become the children of evil? If you are the children of darkness, you will hardly walk in the light of the truth which I reveal. The children of evil follow only in the ways of their father, who was a deceiver and stood not for the truth because there came to be no truth in him. But now comes the Son of Man speaking and living the truth, and many of you refuse to believe.

Kes teist süüdistab mind patus? Miks te siis ei usu, kui ma kuulutan tõde, mida Isa on mulle näidanud, ja elan selle järgi? See, kes on Jumalast, kuulab rõõmuga Jumala sõnu; paljud teist ei kuula mu sõnu, sest pole Jumalast. Teie õpetajad on isegi söandanud väita, et ma teen oma tegusid kuradite vürsti väega. Keegi siin läheduses ütles äsja, et minus on kurat, et ma olen kuradi laps. Ent teie kõik, kes te olete oma hinges ausad, teate väga hästi, et ma pole kurat. Te teate, et ma austan Isa, isegi kui te mind häbistate. Ma ei otsi auhiilgust endale, vaid ainult oma Paradiisi-Isale. Ning ma ei mõista teie üle kohut, sest on keegi, kes teeb seda minu asemel.

162:7.4 (1797.1) “Which of you convicts me of sin? If I, then, proclaim and live the truth shown me by the Father, why do you not believe? He who is of God hears gladly the words of God; for this cause many of you hear not my words, because you are not of God. Your teachers have even presumed to say that I do my works by the power of the prince of devils. One near by has just said that I have a devil, that I am a child of the devil. But all of you who deal honestly with your own souls know full well that I am not a devil. You know that I honor the Father even while you would dishonor me. I seek not my own glory, only the glory of my Paradise Father. And I do not judge you, for there is one who judges for me.

Tõesti, tõesti, ma ütlen teile, kes te evangeeliumisse usute, et kui inimene hoiab selle tõesõna oma südames elavana, ei maitse ta kunagi surma. Ja just praegu väidab minu kõrval üks kirjatundja äsjaöeldut tõendavat, et ma olen kurat, sest Aabraham on surnud nii nagu prohvetidki. Ning ta küsib: „Kas sa oled Aabrahamist ja prohvetitest nii palju suurem, et sa julged siin seista ja öelda, et see, kes jääb sinu sõna juurde, ei maitse surma? Kes sa enda arvates oled, et sa söandad niisuguseid pühaduseteotusi rääkida?” Ja ma ütlen kõigile neile, et kui ma austaksin iseennast, ei oleks minu auhiilgus midagi väärt. Ent mind õilistab Isa, seesama Isa, keda te Jumalaks nimetate. Te pole aga seda oma Jumalat ja minu Isa tundma õppinud ja mina olen tulnud teid kokku viima; teile näitama, kuidas saada tõelisteks Jumala poegadeks. Teie küll Isa ei tunne, kuid mina tunnen teda tõesti. Isegi Aabraham rõõmustas minu päeva nähes, ning usu kaudu ta nägi seda ja oli rõõmus.”

162:7.5 (1797.2) “Verily, verily, I say to you who believe the gospel that, if a man will keep this word of truth alive in his heart, he shall never taste death. And now just at my side a scribe says this statement proves that I have a devil, seeing that Abraham is dead, also the prophets. And he asks: ‘Are you so much greater than Abraham and the prophets that you dare to stand here and say that whoso keeps your word shall not taste death? Who do you claim to be that you dare to utter such blasphemies?’ And I say to all such that, if I glorify myself, my glory is as nothing. But it is the Father who shall glorify me, even the same Father whom you call God. But you have failed to know this your God and my Father, and I have come to bring you together; to show you how to become truly the sons of God. Though you know not the Father, I truly know him. Even Abraham rejoiced to see my day, and by faith he saw it and was glad.”

Kui selleks ajaks kokku kogunenud uskmatud juudid ja Suurkohtu esindajad neid sõnu kuulsid, tõstsid nad lärmi, karjudes: „Sa pole veel viiekümneaastanegi, kuid räägid, et oled näinud Aabrahami; sa oled kuradi laps!” Jeesus ei saanud enam edasi rääkida. Lahkudes ütles ta vaid: „Tõesti, tõesti, ma ütlen teile, enne kui oli Aabraham, olen mina.” Paljud uskmatud tormasid otsima kive, millega teda pilduda, ja Suurkohtu esindajad püüdsid teda vahistada, aga Meister läks kiiresti läbi templikoridoride ja põgenes salajasse kohtumispaika Betaania lähedal, kus teda ootasid Marta, Maarja ja Laatsarus.

162:7.6 (1797.3) When the unbelieving Jews and the agents of the Sanhedrin who had gathered about by this time heard these words, they raised a tumult, shouting: “You are not fifty years of age, and yet you talk about seeing Abraham; you are a child of the devil!” Jesus was unable to continue the discourse. He only said as he departed, “Verily, verily, I say to you, before Abraham was, I am.” Many of the unbelievers rushed forth for stones to cast at him, and the agents of the Sanhedrin sought to place him under arrest, but the Master quickly made his way through the temple corridors and escaped to a secret meeting place near Bethany where Martha, Mary, and Lazarus awaited him.

8. Vestlus Marta ja Maarjaga

8. The Visit with Martha and Mary

Oli kokku lepitud, et Jeesus peatub koos Laatsaruse ja tema õdedega ühe tuttava majas, kuna apostlid on väikeste rühmadena siia-sinna laiali hajutatud. Neid ettevaa tusabinõusid rakendati seepärast, et tema vahistamist kavandavad juudi ametivõimud olid taas julgust juurde saanud.

162:8.1 (1797.4) It had been arranged that Jesus should lodge with Lazarus and his sisters at a friend’s house, while the apostles were scattered here and there in small groups, these precautions being taken because the Jewish authorities were again becoming bold with their plans to arrest him.

Juba aastaid oli neil kolmel kombeks jätta kõik sinnapaika ja kuulata Jeesuse õpetusi, kui ta juhtus neid külastama. Pärast vanemate kaotust oli Marta majapidamiskohustused enda peale võtnud ja nii valmistus ta ka nüüd, kui Laatsarus ja Maarja istusid Jeesuse värskendavat õpetust kuulates külalise jalge ees, õhtusöögilauda katma. Tuleb selgitada, et arvukad tarbetud tegevused olid hajutanud liialt Marta mõtteid ja teda koormasid paljud tühised mured; niisugune oli kord tema meelelaad.

162:8.2 (1797.5) For years it had been the custom for these three to drop everything and listen to Jesus’ teaching whenever he chanced to visit them. With the loss of their parents, Martha had assumed the responsibilities of the home life, and so on this occasion, while Lazarus and Mary sat at Jesus’ feet drinking in his refreshing teaching, Martha made ready to serve the evening meal. It should be explained that Martha was unnecessarily distracted by numerous needless tasks, and that she was cumbered by many trivial cares; that was her disposition.

Sel ajal kui Marta kõigi nende näiliste kohustuste kallal askeldas, häiris teda, et Maarja teda ei aidanud. Ta läks Jeesuse juurde ja ütles: „Meister, kas sul pole sellest midagi, et mu õde on jätnud kogu lauakatmise minu hooleks? Kas sa ei paluks tal mulle appi tulla?” Jeesus vastas: „Marta, Marta, miks sa muretsed alati nii paljude tühiste asjade pärast? Ainult üks asi on midagi väärt ning kui Maarja on valinud selle hea ja vajaliku osa, siis ei võta mina seda temalt ära. Ent millal te mõlemad küll õpite elama nii, nagu ma teile olen õpetanud: teenima koos ja värskendama oma hingi üheskoos? Kas teile ei saa selgeks, et iga asja jaoks on oma aeg — et elu pisiasjad peavad taanduma taevariigi suuremate asjade ees?”

162:8.3 (1798.1) As Martha busied herself with all these supposed duties, she was perturbed because Mary did nothing to help. Therefore she went to Jesus and said: “Master, do you not care that my sister has left me alone to do all of the serving? Will you not bid her to come and help me?” Jesus answered: “Martha, Martha, why are you always anxious about so many things and troubled by so many trifles? Only one thing is really worth while, and since Mary has chosen this good and needful part, I shall not take it away from her. But when will both of you learn to live as I have taught you: both serving in co-operation and both refreshing your souls in unison? Can you not learn that there is a time for everything — that the lesser matters of life should give way before the greater things of the heavenly kingdom?”

9. Koos Abneriga Petlemmas

9. At Bethlehem with Abner

Kogu lehtmajadepüha pidustustele järgnenud nädala kestel kogunes Betaaniasse kümneid uskujaid, keda kaksteist apostlit õpetasid. Suurkohus ei püüdnud neid kogunemisi häirida, sest Jeesust kohal ei viibinud: ta töötas kogu selle aja Abneri ja tema kaaslastega Petlemmas. Pidustuste lõpetamisele järgnenud päeval oli Jeesus suundunud Betaaniasse ja ta ei õpetanud selle Jeruusalemma-külastuse ajal enam templis.

162:9.1 (1798.2) Throughout the week that followed the feast of tabernacles, scores of believers forgathered at Bethany and received instruction from the twelve apostles. The Sanhedrin made no effort to molest these gatherings since Jesus was not present; he was throughout this time working with Abner and his associates in Bethlehem. The day following the close of the feast, Jesus had departed for Bethany, and he did not again teach in the temple during this visit to Jerusalem.

Abner oli samal ajal loomas Petlemma oma keskust ning sealt oli saadetud palju töötegijaid Juudamaa linnadesse, Lõuna-Samaariasse ja isegi Aleksandriasse. Mõne päeva jooksul pärast saabumist leppisid Jeesus ja Abner kokku, kuidas nende kahe apostlirühma tööd ühendada.

162:9.2 (1798.3) At this time, Abner was making his headquarters at Bethlehem, and from that center many workers had been sent to the cities of Judea and southern Samaria and even to Alexandria. Within a few days of his arrival, Jesus and Abner completed the arrangements for the consolidation of the work of the two groups of apostles.

Lehtmajadepüha pidustusi külastades oli Jeesus Betaaniale ja Petlemmale üsna võrdselt aega pühendanud. Betaanias veetis ta päris palju aega oma apostlitega; Petlemmas õpetas ta Abnerit ja teisi Johannese endisi apostleid. Ning just see lähedane kokkupuude pani nad lõpuks temasse uskuma. Neile Ristija Johannese endistele apostlitele mõjus julgus, mida ta ilmutas Jeruusalemmas oma avalikku õpetamistööd tehes, samuti tema heatahtlik mõistvus neid Petlemmas õpetades. Tänu neile mõjudele võtsid kõik Abneri kaaslased lõpuks täielikult ja kogu südamest taevariigi vastu ning tegid kõike, mis selle sammuga kaasnes.

162:9.3 (1798.4) Throughout his visit to the feast of tabernacles, Jesus had divided his time about equally between Bethany and Bethlehem. At Bethany he spent considerable time with his apostles; at Bethlehem he gave much instruction to Abner and the other former apostles of John. And it was this intimate contact that finally led them to believe in him. These former apostles of John the Baptist were influenced by the courage he displayed in his public teaching in Jerusalem as well as by the sympathetic understanding they experienced in his private teaching at Bethlehem. These influences finally and fully won over each of Abner’s associates to a wholehearted acceptance of the kingdom and all that such a step implied.

Enne viimast Petlemmast lahkumist leppis Meister kokku, et nad kõik liituvad temaga ühisteks jõupingutusteks, mis eelnevad tema maise lihaliku elu lõpule. Abner ja tema kaaslased pidid Jeesuse ja kaheteistkümnega peagi Magadani pargis ühinema.

162:9.4 (1798.5) Before leaving Bethlehem for the last time, the Master made arrangements for them all to join him in the united effort which was to precede the ending of his earth career in the flesh. It was agreed that Abner and his associates were to join Jesus and the twelve in the near future at Magadan Park.

Vastavalt sellele kokkuleppele ühendasidki Abner ja tema üksteist kaaslast novembris oma saatuse Jeesuse ja kaheteistkümne apostliga ning töötasid koos nendega ühtse organisatsioonina kuni ristilöömiseni.

162:9.5 (1798.6) In accordance with this understanding, early in November Abner and his eleven fellows cast their lot with Jesus and the twelve and labored with them as one organization right on down to the crucifixion.

Oktoobri teisel poolel eemaldusid Jeesus ja kaksteist apostlit Jeruusalemma lähiümbrusest. Pühapäeval, 30. oktoobril lahkus Jeesus oma kaaslastega Efraimi linnast, kus nad olid mõne päeva omaette puhanud, ning läks Jordanist läänes kulgevat maanteed mööda otse Magadani parki, kuhu jõudis kolmapäeva, 2. novembri õhtupoolikul.

162:9.6 (1798.7) In the latter part of October Jesus and the twelve withdrew from the immediate vicinity of Jerusalem. On Sunday, October 30, Jesus and his associates left the city of Ephraim, where he had been resting in seclusion for a few days, and, going by the west Jordan highway directly to Magadan Park, arrived late on the afternoon of Wednesday, November 2.

Apostlid tundsid suurt kergendust, nähes Meistrit taas sõbralikul pinnal; nad ei veennud teda enam kunagi minema Jeruusalemma taevariigi evangeeliumi kuulutama.

162:9.7 (1799.1) The apostles were greatly relieved to have the Master back on friendly soil; no more did they urge him to go up to Jerusalem to proclaim the gospel of the kingdom.





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