URANTIA RAAMAT - 138. Kiri. Taevariigi sõnumitoojate koolitus

(UF-EST-001-2010-1)

URANTIA RAAMAT   

IV OSA: Jeesuse elu ja Õpetused



138. Kiri. Taevariigi sõnumitoojate koolitus

Paper 138 : Training the Kingdom’s Messengers

PÄRAST „taevariigist” jutlustamist kutsus Jeesus samal õhtupoolikul kuus apostlit kokku ja tutvustas neile oma plaani külastada Galilea järve äärseid linnu. Ta vennad Jaakobus ja Juudas solvusid väga, et neid sellele nõupidamisele ei olnud kutsutud. Nad olid kuni selle ajani arvanud end kuuluvat Jeesuse lähedaste kaaslaste ringi. Ent Jeesus ei soovinud oma lähisugulasi selle taevariigi apostlitest suunajate korpuse liikmeteks võtta. Jaakobuse ja Juuda väljajätmisega väheste valitute seast ja ilmse eemalehoidmisega emast pärast Kaana sündmusi hakkaski tekkima ja üha laienema Jeesuse ja tema perekonna vaheline kuristik. Niisugune olukord püsis kogu Jeesuse avaliku teenistuse jooksul — nad peaaegu ütlesid temast lahti — ning lahkhelid lõppesid päriselt alles pärast Jeesuse surma ja ülestõusmist. Tema ema usk ja lootus lõid kõikuma ning teda valdasid üha enam pettumus- ja alandustunne ning meeleheide. Vankumatult ustavaks jäi oma isast vennale ainult noorim, Rutt.

138:0.1 (1538.1) AFTER preaching the sermon on “The Kingdom,” Jesus called the six apostles together that afternoon and began to disclose his plans for visiting the cities around and about the Sea of Galilee. His brothers James and Jude were very much hurt because they were not called to this conference. Up to this time they had regarded themselves as belonging to Jesus’ inner circle of associates. But Jesus planned to have no close relatives as members of this corps of apostolic directors of the kingdom. This failure to include James and Jude among the chosen few, together with his apparent aloofness from his mother ever since the experience at Cana, was the starting point of an ever-widening gulf between Jesus and his family. This situation continued throughout his public ministry — they very nearly rejected him — and these differences were not fully removed until after his death and resurrection. His mother constantly wavered between attitudes of fluctuating faith and hope, and increasing emotions of disappointment, humiliation, and despair. Only Ruth, the youngest, remained unswervingly loyal to her father-brother.

Kogu Jeesuse pere oli kuni tema ülestõusmiseni Jeesuse avaliku teenistusega väga vähe seotud. Kui prohvetit austatakse igal pool mujal kui oma riigis, siis arusaavat mõistmist leiab ta samuti kõikjal peale oma pere.

138:0.2 (1538.2) Until after the resurrection, Jesus’ entire family had very little to do with his ministry. If a prophet is not without honor save in his own country, he is not without understanding appreciation save in his own family.

1. Viimased õpetussõnad

1. Final Instructions

Järgmisel päeval, 23. juunil 26. a pKr, andis Jeesus neile kuuele oma viimased juhised. Ta käskis neil minna kahekaupa õpetama rõõmusõnumeid taevariigist. Ta keelas neil inimesi ristida ega soovitanud avalikke jutlusi pidada. Ta selgitas, et lubab neil hiljem avalikult jutlustada, kuid mõnda aega peaksid nad paljudel eri põhjustel kaasinimestega suhtlemise praktilisi kogemusi omandama. Jeesus pani ette teha esimesel rännakul ainult isikuti tööd. Ehkki see teade valmistas apostlitele mõnevõrra pettumust, said nad vähemalt osaliselt aru, miks Jeesus soovib taevariigi kuulutamist sel viisil alustada, ning asusid tööle täis südikust ja vankumatut entusiasmi. Ta saatis nad teele kahekaupa: Jaakobus ja Johannes läksid Keresasse, Andreas ja Peetrus Kapernauma, Filippus ja Naatanael aga Tarihheasse.

138:1.1 (1538.3) The next day, Sunday, June 23, A.D. 26, Jesus imparted his final instructions to the six. He directed them to go forth, two and two, to teach the glad tidings of the kingdom. He forbade them to baptize and advised against public preaching. He went on to explain that later he would permit them to preach in public, but that for a season, and for many reasons, he desired them to acquire practical experience in dealing personally with their fellow men. Jesus purposed to make their first tour entirely one of personal work. Although this announcement was something of a disappointment to the apostles, still they saw, at least in part, Jesus’ reason for thus beginning the proclamation of the kingdom, and they started out in good heart and with confident enthusiasm. He sent them forth by twos, James and John going to Kheresa, Andrew and Peter to Capernaum, while Philip and Nathaniel went to Tarichea.

Enne nende kahe esimese teenistusnädala algust kuulutas Jeesus neile, et ta kavatseb jätta taevariigi töö pärast oma lahkumist kaheteistkümne apostli hoolde, ning volitas igaüht neist valima oma varaste pöördunute seast ühe tulevase apostlikorpuse liikme. Seepeale küsis Johannes: „Aga Meister, kas need kuus meest tulevad meie sekka ja jagavad kõike võrdselt meiega, kes me oleme olnud sinuga alates Jordani jõest ja kuulnud kõiki su õpetusi, valmistudes selleks meie esimeseks tööks taevariigi heaks?” Ja Jeesus vastas: „Jah, Johannes, iga teie valitud mees saab üheks meie seast ja te õpetate neile kõike, mis puudutab taevariiki, nii nagu mina teile olen õpetanud.” Nii kõnelnud, lahkus Jeesus nende juurest.

138:1.2 (1538.4) Before they began this first two weeks of service, Jesus announced to them that he desired to ordain twelve apostles to continue the work of the kingdom after his departure and authorized each of them to choose one man from among his early converts for membership in the projected corps of apostles. John spoke up, asking: “But, Master, will these six men come into our midst and share all things equally with us who have been with you since the Jordan and have heard all your teaching in preparation for this, our first labor for the kingdom?” And Jesus replied: “Yes, John, the men you choose shall become one with us, and you will teach them all that pertains to the kingdom, even as I have taught you.” After thus speaking, Jesus left them.

Need kuus ei läinud kohe lahku oma tööd tegema, vaid arutasid enne pikalt Jeesuse käsku, et igaüks peab valima ühe uue apostli. Lõpuks võeti kuulda Andrease nõu ja mindi oma ülesannet täitma. Andreas ütles kokkuvõtlikult järgmist: „Meistril on õigus, et meid on selle töö tegemiseks liiga vähe. Õpetajaid on juurde vaja ja Meister on ilmutanud meie suhtes sellega suurt usaldust, et tegi meile ülesandeks need kuus uut apostlit valida”. Kui nad tol hommikul lahku läksid, et oma tööd teha, tundsid nad kõik end veidi rõhutult. Nad teadsid, et hakkavad Jeesusest puudust tundma, ning lisaks oma kartusele ja ujedusele teadsid nad ka seda, et polnud taevariigi sissejuhatamist niimoodi ette kujutanud.

138:1.3 (1539.1) The six did not separate to go to their work until they had exchanged many words in discussion of Jesus’ instruction that each of them should choose a new apostle. Andrew’s counsel finally prevailed, and they went forth to their labors. In substance Andrew said: “The Master is right; we are too few to encompass this work. There is need for more teachers, and the Master has manifested great confidence in us inasmuch as he has intrusted us with the choosing of these six new apostles.” This morning, as they separated to go to their work, there was a bit of concealed depression in each heart. They knew they were going to miss Jesus, and besides their fear and timidity, this was not the way they had pictured the kingdom of heaven being inaugurated.

Kuus apostlit pidid töötama kaks nädalat ja pöörduma siis Sebedeuse majja tagasi nõu pidama. Jeesus läks vahepeal Naatsaretti külastama Joosepit ja Siimonit ning teisi seal läheduses elavaid pereliikmeid. Jeesus tegi oma pere usalduse ja kiindumuse säilitamiseks kõik, mis inimlikult võimalik ja kooskõlas pühendumisega oma Isa tahte täitmisele. Ta täitis selles osas täielikult oma kohust ning enamgi veel.

138:1.4 (1539.2) It had been arranged that the six were to labor for two weeks, after which they were to return to the home of Zebedee for a conference. Meantime Jesus went over to Nazareth to visit with Joseph and Simon and other members of his family living in that vicinity. Jesus did everything humanly possible, consistent with his dedication to the doing of his Father’s will, to retain the confidence and affection of his family. In this matter he did his full duty and more.

Sel ajal kui apostlid seda ülesannet täitsid, mõtles Jeesus palju Johannesest, kes oli nüüd vangis. Ta tundis suurt kiusatust kasutada tema vabastamiseks oma potentsiaalseid võimeid, kuid jäi taas „ootama Isa tahet”.

138:1.5 (1539.3) While the apostles were out on this mission, Jesus thought much about John, now in prison. It was a great temptation to use his potential powers to release him, but once more he resigned himself to “wait upon the Father’s will.”

2. Kuue väljavalimine

2. Choosing the Six

Seda kuue apostli esimest misjonireisi saatis erakordne edu. Nad kõik avastasid, kui suur väärtus on otsestel isiklikel kontaktidel inimestega. Jeesuse juurde tagasi pöördudes mõistsid nad täielikumalt, et usk ongi tegelikult ainult ja tervenisti isiklik kogemus. Nad hakkasid tunnetama, kui väga januneb lihtrahvas religioosseid lohutussõnu ja vaimset virgutust kuulda. Nad tahtsid Jeesuse ümber kogunedes kõik korraga rääkida, aga Andreas võttis juhtimise enda peale, kutsus nad ükshaaval ette ja laskis neil Meistrile ametlikud ettekanded teha ning kuue apostli kandidaadid esitada.

138:2.1 (1539.4) This first missionary tour of the six was eminently successful. They all discovered the great value of direct and personal contact with men. They returned to Jesus more fully realizing that, after all, religion is purely and wholly a matter of personal experience. They began to sense how hungry were the common people to hear words of religious comfort and spiritual good cheer. When they assembled about Jesus, they all wanted to talk at once, but Andrew assumed charge, and as he called upon them one by one, they made their formal reports to the Master and presented their nominations for the six new apostles.

Kui igaüks oli omavalitud uut apostlit tutvustanud, palus Jeesus teistel kandidaadi poolt või vastu hääletada ja nii võtsid esimesed kuus apostlit kõik kuus uut apostlit ametlikult vastu. Seejärel teatas Jeesus, et nad külastavad kandidaate ja kutsuvad neid oma teenistusse.

138:2.2 (1539.5) Jesus, after each man had presented his selection for the new apostleships, asked all the others to vote upon the nomination; thus all six of the new apostles were formally accepted by all of the older six. Then Jesus announced that they would all visit these candidates and give them the call to service.

Äsjavalitud apostlid olid:

138:2.3 (1539.6) The newly selected apostles were:

1. Matteus Leevi, Kapernauma tollimaksude koguja, kelle kontor asus linnast ida pool, Batanea piiri ääres. Teda oli valinud Andreas;

138:2.4 (1539.7) 1. Matthew Levi, the customs collector of Capernaum, who had his office just to the east of the city, near the borders of Batanea. He was selected by Andrew.

2. Toomas Didymos, kalur Tarihheast, kes oli varem töötanud Gadaras puusepa ja kiviraidurina. Teda oli valinud Filippus;

138:2.5 (1539.8) 2. Thomas Didymus, a fisherman of Tarichea and onetime carpenter and stone mason of Gadara. He was selected by Philip.

3. Jaakobus Alfeus, kalur ja talupidaja Keresast, kelle oli valinud Jaakobus Sebedeus;

138:2.6 (1539.9) 3. James Alpheus, a fisherman and farmer of Kheresa, was selected by James Zebedee.

4. Juudas Alfeus, Jaakobus Alfeuse kaksikvend, samuti kalur, kelle oli valinud Johannes Sebedeus;

138:2.7 (1539.10) 4. Judas Alpheus, the twin brother of James Alpheus, also a fisherman, was selected by John Zebedee.

5. Seloot Siimon oli kõrge ametnik selootide isamaalises organisatsioonis, kuid loobus sellest ametist, et ühineda Jeesuse apostlitega. Enne selootidega ühinemist oli Siimon olnud kaupmees. Teda oli valinud Peetrus;

138:2.8 (1540.1) 5. Simon Zelotes was a high officer in the patriotic organization of the Zealots, a position which he gave up to join Jesus’ apostles. Before joining the Zealots, Simon had been a merchant. He was selected by Peter.

6. Juudas Iskariot oli Jeerikos elanud rikaste juutide ainus poeg. Kui ta Ristija Johannese poolehoidjaks hakkas, ütlesid tema saduseridest vanemad temast lahti. Ta otsis sealkandis parajasti tööd, kui Jeesuse apostlid ta leidsid, ning Naatanael kutsus ta apostlite sekka põhiliselt tänu tema kogemustele rahaasjades. Juudas Iskariot oli kaheteistkümnest apostlist ainus juudalane.

138:2.9 (1540.2) 6. Judas Iscariot was an only son of wealthy Jewish parents living in Jericho. He had become attached to John the Baptist, and his Sadducee parents had disowned him. He was looking for employment in these regions when Jesus’ apostles found him, and chiefly because of his experience with finances, Nathaniel invited him to join their ranks. Judas Iscariot was the only Judean among the twelve apostles.

Jeesus veetis kuue apostliga terve päeva, vastates nende küsimustele ja kuulates nende üksikasjalikke ettekandeid, sest neil oli jutustada paljudest huvitavatest ja kasulikest kogemustest. Nüüd nad mõistsid, kui tark oli olnud Meistri plaan saata nad vaikset individuaalset tööd tegema, enne kui nad alustavad palju pingutustnõudvamat avalikku teenistust.

138:2.10 (1540.3) Jesus spent a full day with the six, answering their questions and listening to the details of their reports, for they had many interesting and profitable experiences to relate. They now saw the wisdom of the Master’s plan of sending them out to labor in a quiet and personal manner before the launching of their more pretentious public efforts.

3. Matteuse ja Siimoni kutsumine

3. The Call of Matthew and Simon

Järgmisel päeval läks Jeesus koos kuue apostliga tollimaksude kogujat Matteust külastama. Matteus juba ootas neid, ta oli oma raamatupidamise korda seadnud ja valmis andma kontori asjaajamise vennale üle. Tollihoone juurde jõudes astus Andreas Jeesusega ette ja Jeesus ütles Matteusele otsa vaadates: „Järgi mind.” Ning Matteus tõusis ja astus koos Jeesuse ja apostlitega oma majja.

138:3.1 (1540.4) The next day Jesus and the six went to call upon Matthew, the customs collector. Matthew was awaiting them, having balanced his books and made ready to turn the affairs of his office over to his brother. As they approached the toll house, Andrew stepped forward with Jesus, who, looking into Matthew’s face, said, “Follow me.” And he arose and went to his house with Jesus and the apostles.

Matteus rääkis Jeesusele banketist, mille ta tolleks õhtuks oli kavandanud. Ta soovis anda õhtusöögi oma perele ja sõpradele, kui Jeesus selle heaks kiidaks ja nõustuks olema aukülaline. Jeesus noogutas nõusoleku märgiks. Peetrus viis Matteuse kõrvale ja selgitas, et ta on kutsunud apostlitega kaasa ka kellegi Siimoni, ning tal lubati Siimon pidusöögile paluda.

138:3.2 (1540.5) Matthew told Jesus of the banquet he had arranged for that evening, at least that he wished to give such a dinner to his family and friends if Jesus would approve and consent to be the guest of honor. And Jesus nodded his consent. Peter then took Matthew aside and explained that he had invited one Simon to join the apostles and secured his consent that Simon be also bidden to this feast.

Pärast lõunasööki Matteuse majas läksid nad kõik koos Peetrusega seloot Siimonit külastama, kelle leidsid tema endisest töökohast, mida nüüd juhtis ta vennapoeg. Kui Peetrus viis Jeesuse Siimoni juurde, tervitas Meister tulihingelist patriooti ja ütles vaid: „Järgi mind.”

138:3.3 (1540.6) After a noontide luncheon at Matthew’s house they all went with Peter to call upon Simon the Zealot, whom they found at his old place of business, which was now being conducted by his nephew. When Peter led Jesus up to Simon, the Master greeted the fiery patriot and only said, “Follow me.”

Siis läksid nad kõik tagasi Matteuse majja, kus räägiti kuni õhtusöögini palju poliitikast ja religioonist. Leevide pere oli tegelnud äri ja maksukogumisega juba pikka aega, seepärast oleksid variserid võinud paljusid sellele Matteuse banketile kutsutud külalisi „tölneriteks ja patusteks” nimetada.

138:3.4 (1540.7) They all returned to Matthew’s home, where they talked much about politics and religion until the hour of the evening meal. The Levi family had long been engaged in business and tax gathering; therefore many of the guests bidden to this banquet by Matthew would have been denominated “publicans and sinners” by the Pharisees.

Kui tol ajal mõni silmapaistev tegelane niisuguse vastuvõtu või banketi korraldas, oli tavaks, et kõik huvilised võisid banketiruumis viibida, vaadata pealt, kuidas külalised söövad, ning kuulata lugupeetud inimeste vestlust ja kõnesid. Seepärast oligi enamik Kapernauma variseridest kohal, et jälgida, mida Jeesus sel ebatavalisel koosviibimisel teeb.

138:3.5 (1540.8) In those days, when a reception-banquet of this sort was tendered a prominent individual, it was the custom for all interested persons to linger about the banquet room to observe the guests at meat and to listen to the conversation and speeches of the men of honor. Accordingly, most of the Capernaum Pharisees were present on this occasion to observe Jesus’ conduct at this unusual social gathering.

Õhtusöögi käigus sööjate tuju üha tõusis ja kõik tundsid end nii suurepäraselt, et pealtvaatavad variserid hakkasid südames Jeesust kritiseerima, et ta sellisel heatujulisel ja muretul peol osaleb. Kui õhtul hiljem kõnesid peeti, läks üks õelamatest variseridest isegi niikaugele, et hakkas Jeesuse käitumist Peetruse ees kritiseerima: „Kuidas julged sa meile õpetada, et see mees on õiglane, kui ta sööb koos tölnerite ja patustega ja viibib nii muretutel meelelahutustel?” Peetrus andis selle kriitika Jeesusele sosinal edasi, enne kui too kokkutulnuid lahkudes õnnistas. Kui Jeesus kõnelema hakkas, ütles ta: „Tulnud siia täna Matteust ja Siimonit meie kaaslasteks vastu võtma, on mul hea meel näha teie rõõmsat meelt ja seltskondlikkust, kuid te peaksite veelgi enam rõõmustama, sest paljud teist pääsevad saabuvasse vaimuriiki, kus te naudite küllaga taevariigi rõõme. Ning teile, kes te siin seisate ja mind oma südames kritiseerite selle eest, et ma olen tulnud oma sõpradega lõbutsema, lubage mul öelda, et ma olen tulnud kuulutama rõõmu ühiskonnas allasurututele ning vaimuvabadust moraalselt vangisolijatele. Kas on mul vaja teile meelde tuletada, et arsti vajavad mitte terved, vaid haiged? Olen tulnud kutsuma mitte õigeid, vaid patuseid.”

138:3.6 (1540.9) As the dinner progressed, the joy of the diners mounted to heights of good cheer, and everybody was having such a splendid time that the onlooking Pharisees began, in their hearts, to criticize Jesus for his participation in such a lighthearted and carefree affair. Later in the evening, when they were making speeches, one of the more malignant of the Pharisees went so far as to criticize Jesus’ conduct to Peter, saying: “How dare you to teach that this man is righteous when he eats with publicans and sinners and thus lends his presence to such scenes of careless pleasure making.” Peter whispered this criticism to Jesus before he spoke the parting blessing upon those assembled. When Jesus began to speak, he said: “In coming here tonight to welcome Matthew and Simon to our fellowship, I am glad to witness your lightheartedness and social good cheer, but you should rejoice still more because many of you will find entrance into the coming kingdom of the spirit, wherein you shall more abundantly enjoy the good things of the kingdom of heaven. And to you who stand about criticizing me in your hearts because I have come here to make merry with these friends, let me say that I have come to proclaim joy to the socially downtrodden and spiritual liberty to the moral captives. Need I remind you that they who are whole need not a physician, but rather those who are sick? I have come, not to call the righteous, but sinners.”

See oli tõesti kõigile juutidele võõras vaatepilt: näha õiglase loomuga ja üllast meest suhtlemas vabalt ja rõõmsalt lihtrahvaga, isegi jumalakartmatute ja naudinguid otsivate tölnerite ning tuntud patustajatega. Seloot Siimon tahtis sel koosviibimisel Matteuse majas kõnet pidada, kuid Andreas teadis, et Jeesus ei taha saabuvat taevariiki selootide liikumisega siduda, ning veenis teda avalikust esinemisest hoiduma.

138:3.7 (1541.1) And truly this was a strange sight in all Jewry: to see a man of righteous character and noble sentiments mingling freely and joyously with the common people, even with an irreligious and pleasure-seeking throng of publicans and reputed sinners. Simon Zelotes desired to make a speech at this gathering in Matthew’s house, but Andrew, knowing that Jesus did not want the coming kingdom to become confused with the Zealots’ movement, prevailed upon him to refrain from making any public remarks.

Jeesus jäi oma apostlitega tol õhtul Matteuse majja ja kui inimesed oma kodudesse läksid, rääkisid nad ainult ühest: Jeesuse headusest ja sõbralikust meelest.

138:3.8 (1541.2) Jesus and the apostles remained that night in Matthew’s house, and as the people went to their homes, they spoke of but one thing: the goodness and friendliness of Jesus.

4. Kaksikute kutsumine

4. The Call of the Twins

Järgmisel päeval läksid kõik üheksa paadiga Keresasse, et esitada ametlik kutse kahele järgmisele apostlile, Jaakobusele ja Juudasele, Alfeuse kaksikutest poegadele, kelle olid valinud Jaakobus ja Johannes Sebedeus. Kaluritest kaksikvennad ootasid Jeesust ja tema apostleid juba kaldal. Jaakobus Sebedeus tutvustas Meistrit Keresa kaluritele ja Jeesus vaatas neile otsa, noogutas ning ütles: „Järgige mind.”

138:4.1 (1541.3) On the morrow all nine of them went by boat over to Kheresa to execute the formal calling of the next two apostles, James and Judas the twin sons of Alpheus, the nominees of James and John Zebedee. The fisherman twins were expecting Jesus and his apostles and were therefore awaiting them on the shore. James Zebedee presented the Master to the Kheresa fishermen, and Jesus, gazing on them, nodded and said, “Follow me.”

Nad veetsid tolle õhtupooliku koos ja Jeesus andis neile põhjalikke õpetusi pidulikes sündmustes osalemise kohta, lõpetades oma jutu järgmiste märkustega: „Kõik inimesed on minu vennad. Mu taevane Isa ei põlga ühtki meie loodud-olendit. Taevariik on lahti kõigile meestele ja naistele. Mitte keegi ei tohi sulgeda halastuse ust näljase hinge ees, kes soovib sinna siseneda. Me sööme koos kõigiga, kes soovivad taevariigist kuulda. Meie taevane Isa peab kõiki inimesi võrdseteks. Seepärast ärge keelduge jagamast leiba variseri ega patustajaga, saduseri ega tölneriga, roomlase ega juudiga, rikka ega vaesega, vaba mehe ega vangiga. Taevariigi uks on avali kõigi ees, kes soovivad tunda tõde ja leida Jumalat.”

138:4.2 (1541.4) That afternoon, which they spent together, Jesus fully instructed them concerning attendance upon festive gatherings, concluding his remarks by saying: “All men are my brothers. My Father in heaven does not despise any creature of our making. The kingdom of heaven is open to all men and women. No man may close the door of mercy in the face of any hungry soul who may seek to gain an entrance thereto. We will sit at meat with all who desire to hear of the kingdom. As our Father in heaven looks down upon men, they are all alike. Refuse not therefore to break bread with Pharisee or sinner, Sadducee or publican, Roman or Jew, rich or poor, free or bond. The door of the kingdom is wide open for all who desire to know the truth and to find God.”

Tol õhtul Alfeuste majas lihtsa õhtueine ajal võeti kaksikvennad apostlite perre. Hilisõhtul pidas Jeesus oma apostlitele esimese õppetunni ebapuhaste vaimude päritolu, olemuse ja eesmärgi kohta, kuid nad ei saanud tema jutust aru. Neil oli väga kerge Jeesust armastada ja imetleda, kuid väga raske paljudest tema õpetustest aru saada.

138:4.3 (1541.5) That night at a simple supper at the Alpheus home, the twin brothers were received into the apostolic family. Later in the evening Jesus gave his apostles their first lesson dealing with the origin, nature, and destiny of unclean spirits, but they could not comprehend the import of what he told them. They found it very easy to love and admire Jesus but very difficult to understand many of his teachings.

Pärast öist puhkust sõitsid nad kõik, kokku üksteist inimest, paadiga Tarihheasse.

138:4.4 (1542.1) After a night of rest the entire party, now numbering eleven, went by boat over to Tarichea.

5. Toomase ja Juuda kutsumine

5. The Call of Thomas and Judas

Kalur Toomas ja rändur Juudas ootasid Jeesust ja apostleid Tarihheas kaluripaatide maabumiskohas ning Toomas viis nad kõik oma koju, mis oli sealsamas lähedal. Filippus tutvustas nüüd Toomast kui omavalitud apostlikandidaati ja Naatanael sama au pälvinud juudalast Juudas Iskariotti. Jeesus vaatas Toomale otsa ja ütles: „Toomas, sul pole usku, ent ma võtan su sellest hoolimata vastu. Järgi mind.” Juudas Iskariotile ütles Meister: „Juudas, me kõik oleme ühest lihast ja sind meie sekka vastu võttes palvetan ma, et sa jääksid alati ustavaks oma galilea vendadele. Järgi mind.”

138:5.1 (1542.2) Thomas the fisherman and Judas the wanderer met Jesus and the apostles at the fisher-boat landing at Tarichea, and Thomas led the party to his near-by home. Philip now presented Thomas as his nominee for apostleship and Nathaniel presented Judas Iscariot, the Judean, for similar honors. Jesus looked upon Thomas and said: “Thomas, you lack faith; nevertheless, I receive you. Follow me.” To Judas Iscariot the Master said: “Judas, we are all of one flesh, and as I receive you into our midst, I pray that you will always be loyal to your Galilean brethren. Follow me.”

Pärast einet viis Jeesus need kaksteist meest mõneks ajaks eemale, et nendega koos palvetada ja õpetada neile Püha Vaimu olemust ning tööd, kuid nende imeliste tõdede tähendus, mida ta püüdis õpetada, jäi meestele jälle suures osas arusaamatuks. Üks sai ühest asjast aru ja teine teisest, kuid keegi ei mõistnud kogu õpetust. Nad tegid alati selle vea, et püüdsid sobitada Jeesuse uut evangeeliumi oma vanade religioossete uskumustega. Nad ei saanud aru, et Jeesus on tulnud kuulutama uut pääsemisevangeeliumi ja rajama uut teed Jumala leidmiseks; nad ei tajunud, et tema oligi taevase Isa uus ilmutus.

138:5.2 (1542.3) When they had refreshed themselves, Jesus took the twelve apart for a season to pray with them and to instruct them in the nature and work of the Holy Spirit, but again did they largely fail to comprehend the meaning of those wonderful truths which he endeavored to teach them. One would grasp one point and one would comprehend another, but none of them could encompass the whole of his teaching. Always would they make the mistake of trying to fit Jesus’ new gospel into their old forms of religious belief. They could not grasp the idea that Jesus had come to proclaim a new gospel of salvation and to establish a new way of finding God; they did not perceive that he was a new revelation of the Father in heaven.

Järgmisel päeval jättis Jeesus oma kaksteist apostlit omapead. Ta tahtis, et nad isekeskis tuttavaks saaksid, ja soovis, et nad arutaksid seda, mis ta oli neile õpetanud. Meister pöördus õhtusöögiks tagasi ja õhtusöögijärgsetel tundidel rääkis neile seeravite hoolekandest ning mitu apostlit sai tema õpetusest aru. Nad puhkasid öösel ja lahkusid järgmisel päeval paadiga Kapernauma.

138:5.3 (1542.4) The next day Jesus left his twelve apostles quite alone; he wanted them to become acquainted and desired that they be alone to talk over what he had taught them. The Master returned for the evening meal, and during the after-supper hours he talked to them about the ministry of seraphim, and some of the apostles comprehended his teaching. They rested for a night and the next day departed by boat for Capernaum.

Sebedeus ja Saloome olid asunud elama oma poja Taaveti juurde, et nende suur maja jääks Jeesuse ja tema kaheteistkümne apostli päralt. Siin veetis Jeesus oma valitud sõnumitoojatega vaikse sabati. Ta selgitas põhjalikult oma plaane taevariigi kuulutamiseks ning rääkis, kui tähtis on vältida kokkupõrkeid tsiviilvõimudega. Ta ütles: „Kui tsiviilvõimudele tuleb etteheiteid teha, jätke see ülesanne minu hoolde. Vaadake, et te ei hakka keisrit ega tema ametnikke süüdistama.” Selsamal õhtul viis Juudas Iskariot Jeesuse kõrvale ja küsis, miks ei tehta midagi Johannese vangist vabastamiseks. Ja Juudas ei jäänud Jeesuse suhtumisega päriselt rahule.

138:5.4 (1542.5) Zebedee and Salome had gone to live with their son David so that their large home could be turned over to Jesus and his twelve apostles. Here Jesus spent a quiet Sabbath with his chosen messengers; he carefully outlined the plans for proclaiming the kingdom and fully explained the importance of avoiding any clash with the civil authorities, saying: “If the civil rulers are to be rebuked, leave that task to me. See that you make no denunciations of Caesar or his servants.” It was this same evening that Judas Iscariot took Jesus aside to inquire why nothing was done to get John out of prison. And Judas was not wholly satisfied with Jesus’ attitude.

6. Nädal pingelist koolitust

6. The Week of Intensive Training

Järgmine nädal pühendati pingsale õppetööle. Kuus uut apostlit võeti iga päev nende hoole alla, kes neid olid valinud ja andsid nüüd põhjalikult edasi kõike, mida olid taevariigitööks valmistumisel õppinud ja kogenud. Vanemad apostlid kordasid hoolikalt kuuele nooremale kõike, mida Jeesus oli neile seni õpetanud. Õhtuti koguneti Sebedeuse aeda Jeesuselt õpetust saama.

138:6.1 (1542.6) The next week was devoted to a program of intense training. Each day the six new apostles were put in the hands of their respective nominators for a thoroughgoing review of all they had learned and experienced in preparation for the work of the kingdom. The older apostles carefully reviewed, for the benefit of the younger six, Jesus’ teachings up to that hour. Evenings they all assembled in Zebedee’s garden to receive Jesus’ instruction.

Sel ajal seadis Jeesus sisse kesknädalase puhke- ja meelelahutuspäeva. Seda iganädalase puhkepäeva pidamise korda järgis ta kogu oma ülejäänud ainelise elu. Kolmapäeviti nad reeglina oma tavapärase tegevusega ei tegelnud. Sel iganädalasel puhkepäeval jättis Jeesus apostlid harilikult omapead, öeldes: „Mu lapsed, minge ja puhake täna. Puhake vaevalisest taevariigitööst ja värskendage end kas oma varasema tööga või uusi meelelahutusi avastades.” Jeesus ise ei vajanud oma maises elus seda puhkepäeva, kuid ta teadis, et tema inimestest kaaslastele on nii kõige parem. Jeesus oli õpetaja — Meister; ta kaaslased olid tema õpilased — jüngrid.

138:6.2 (1542.7) It was at this time that Jesus established the mid-week holiday for rest and recreation. And they pursued this plan of relaxation for one day each week throughout the remainder of his material life. As a general rule, they never prosecuted their regular activities on Wednesday. On this weekly holiday Jesus would usually take himself away from them, saying: “My children, go for a day of play. Rest yourselves from the arduous labors of the kingdom and enjoy the refreshment that comes from reverting to your former vocations or from discovering new sorts of recreational activity.” While Jesus, at this period of his earth life, did not actually require this day of rest, he conformed to this plan because he knew it was best for his human associates. Jesus was the teacher — the Master; his associates were his pupils — disciples.

Jeesus püüdis apostlitele selgitada vahet oma õpetuste ja nende seas veedetud elu ning nende õpetuste vahel, mis võivad hiljem tema kohta esile kerkida. Jeesus ütles: „Teie sõnumi tuum olgu minu kuningriik ja sellega seotud evangeelium. ärge kalduge kõrvale ega jutlustage minust ega minu õpetustest. Kuulutage kuningriigi evangeeliumi ja kirjeldage minu ilmutust taevasest Isast, kuid ärge eksige kõrval teedele ega looge legende või kujundage kultust, mille sisuks oleksid uskumused ja õpetused minu uskumuste ja õpetuste kohta.” Ent nad ei saanud jälle aru, miks ta nii kõneles, ja keegi ei söandanud ka küsida, miks ta neile seda õpetas.

138:6.3 (1543.1) Jesus endeavored to make clear to his apostles the difference between his teachings and his life among them and the teachings which might subsequently spring up about him. Said Jesus: “My kingdom and the gospel related thereto shall be the burden of your message. Be not sidetracked into preaching about me and about my teachings. Proclaim the gospel of the kingdom and portray my revelation of the Father in heaven but do not be misled into the bypaths of creating legends and building up a cult having to do with beliefs and teachings about my beliefs and teachings.” But again they did not understand why he thus spoke, and no man dared to ask why he so taught them.

Jeesus püüdis neis varastes õpetustes võimalikult palju vältida lahkhelisid oma apostlitega, kui neil just ei tekkinud väärarusaamu tema taevasest Isast. Kõigis sellistes küsimustes parandas ta kõhklematult nende ekslikke arusaamu. Jeesusel oli oma ristimisjärgses elus Urantial vaid üks motiiv ning see oli tema Paradiisi-Isa parem ja tõetruum ilmutamine: ta rajas uut ja paremat teed Jumala juurde, usu ja armastuse teed. Ta manitses apostleid alati: „Minge otsige patuseid — leidke üles rusutud ja lohutage ärevaid.”

138:6.4 (1543.2) In these early teachings Jesus sought to avoid controversies with his apostles as far as possible excepting those involving wrong concepts of his Father in heaven. In all such matters he never hesitated to correct erroneous beliefs. There was just one motive in Jesus’ postbaptismal life on Urantia, and that was a better and truer revelation of his Paradise Father; he was the pioneer of the new and better way to God, the way of faith and love. Ever his exhortation to the apostles was: “Go seek for the sinners; find the downhearted and comfort the anxious.”

Jeesus tunnetas suurepäraselt olukorda, tal oli piiramatu võim, mida ta oleks saanud oma missiooni läbiviimiseks kasutada, kuid ta rahuldus täielikult vahendite ja isiksustega, mida ja keda enamik inimesi oleks pidanud ebapiisavaiks ja tähtsusetuiks. Tema missioonil oli tohutuid dramaatilisi võimalusi, kuid tal oli kindel soov täita oma Isa ülesannet väga vaikselt ja pretensioonitult; ta vältis hoolikalt igasugust võimu ilmutamist. Nüüd kavatses ta töötada vähemasti mitu kuud vaikselt oma kaheteistkümne apostliga Galilea järve ümbruses.

138:6.5 (1543.3) Jesus had a perfect grasp of the situation; he possessed unlimited power, which might have been utilized in the furtherance of his mission, but he was wholly content with means and personalities which most people would have regarded as inadequate and would have looked upon as insignificant. He was engaged in a mission of enormous dramatic possibilities, but he insisted on going about his Father’s business in the most quiet and undramatic manner; he studiously avoided all display of power. And he now planned to work quietly, at least for several months, with his twelve apostles around about the Sea of Galilee.

7. Veel üks pettumus

7. Another Disappointment

Jeesus oli kavandanud viiekuulise vaikse individuaalse misjonitöö kampaania. Ta ei rääkinud apostlitele, kui kaua see kestab — nad töötasid lihtsalt nädal nädala järel. Tolle nädala esimese päeva hommikul, kui ta tahtis just oma kaheteistkümnele apostlile seda teatada, tulid Siimon Peetrus, Jaakobus Sebedeus ja Juudas Iskariot temaga omavahel rääkima. Peetrus viis Jeesuse kõrvale ja söandas talle öelda: „Meister, meie kaaslased saatsid meid küsima, kas aeg pole juba kuningriigiks küps. Ja kas sa kuulutad kuningriigi välja Kapernaumas või peame me selleks Jeruusalemma minema? Ja millal igaüks meist teada saab, mis ametit ta sinu juures kuningriigi rajamisel pidama hakkab -” Peetrusel oleks olnud veelgi küsimusi, kuid Jeesus tõstis manitsevalt käe ja katkestas ta jutu. Ta viipas ka teised kõrval seisvad apostlid lähemale ja ütles: „Mu väikesed lapsed, kui kaua pean ma teile selgitama! Kas te pole aru saanud, et minu kuningriik ei kuulu sellesse maailma? Olen teile korduvalt öelnud, et ma pole tulnud istuma Taaveti troonile, kuidas saate te nüüd minult küsida, missuguse koha te igaüks Isa kuningriigis saate? Kas te ei saa aru, et olen kutsunud teid vaimse kuningriigi saadikuteks? Kas te ei mõista, et peate varsti, üsna varsti mind maailmas ja kuningriigi kuulutamisel esindama, nii nagu mina esindan oma taevast Isa? Kas on see võimalik, et ma olen valinud ja õpetanud teid kuningriigi sõnumitoojateks, kuid te ei saa ikka veel aru, milles seisneb ja mille poolest on nii tähtis selle saabuva jumalariigi jõudmine inimsüdametesse? Mu sõbrad, kuulake mind uuesti. Heitke oma peast mõte, et minu kuningriik on võimu või hiilguse valitsus. Peagi antakse tõepoolest minu kätte võim kogu taeva ja maa üle, kuid Isa tahte kohaselt ei või me kasutada seda jumalikku andi enese esiletõstmiseks sel ajastul. Ühel teisel ajastul jagate te tõepoolest minuga võimu ja au, kuid praegu on meile kohane alistuda Isa tahtele ja minna ning alandlikus kuulekuses maa peal tema käsku täita.”

138:7.1 (1543.4) Jesus had planned for a quiet missionary campaign of five months’ personal work. He did not tell the apostles how long this was to last; they worked from week to week. And early on this first day of the week, just as he was about to announce this to his twelve apostles, Simon Peter, James Zebedee, and Judas Iscariot came to have private converse with him. Taking Jesus aside, Peter made bold to say: “Master, we come at the behest of our associates to inquire whether the time is not now ripe to enter into the kingdom. And will you proclaim the kingdom at Capernaum, or are we to move on to Jerusalem? And when shall we learn, each of us, the positions we are to occupy with you in the establishment of the kingdom — ” and Peter would have gone on asking further questions, but Jesus raised an admonitory hand and stopped him. And beckoning the other apostles standing near by to join them, Jesus said: “My little children, how long shall I bear with you! Have I not made it plain to you that my kingdom is not of this world? I have told you many times that I have not come to sit on David’s throne, and now how is it that you are inquiring which place each of you will occupy in the Father’s kingdom? Can you not perceive that I have called you as ambassadors of a spiritual kingdom? Do you not understand that soon, very soon, you are to represent me in the world and in the proclamation of the kingdom, even as I now represent my Father who is in heaven? Can it be that I have chosen you and instructed you as messengers of the kingdom, and yet you do not comprehend the nature and significance of this coming kingdom of divine pre-eminence in the hearts of men? My friends, hear me once more. Banish from your minds this idea that my kingdom is a rule of power or a reign of glory. Indeed, all power in heaven and on earth will presently be given into my hands, but it is not the Father’s will that we use this divine endowment to glorify ourselves during this age. In another age you shall indeed sit with me in power and glory, but it behooves us now to submit to the will of the Father and to go forth in humble obedience to execute his bidding on earth.”

Jälle olid tema kaaslased ehmunud ja hämmastunud. Jeesus saatis nad kahekaupa palvetama, paludes neil lõunaks tagasi pöörduda. Sel otsustaval ennelõunal püüdis igaüks neist Jumalat leida, nad katsusid teineteisele toeks olla ja läksid siis Jeesuse juurde tagasi, nagu ta neid oli palunud.

138:7.2 (1544.1) Once more were his associates shocked, stunned. Jesus sent them away two and two to pray, asking them to return to him at noontime. On this crucial forenoon they each sought to find God, and each endeavored to cheer and strengthen the other, and they returned to Jesus as he had bidden them.

Jeesus jutustas neile nüüd uuesti Johannese tulekust, ristimisest Jordani jões, Kaana pulmast, kuue hiljutisest väljavalimisest ning tema enda lihaste vendade eemalejäämisest ning hoiatas neid, et kuningriigi vaenlane püüab ka neid eemale tõmmata. Pärast seda lühikest, kuid tõsist juttu tõusid kõik apostlid püsti, et Peetruse eestvedamisel kuulutada oma kustumatut pühendumist Meistrile ja vankumatut truudust kuningriigile ehk nagu Toomas seda väljendas: „Sellele saabuvale kuningriigile, mis see ka ei oleks ja ehkki ma sellest päriselt aru ei saa.” Nad kõik uskusid Jeesusesse tõeliselt, kuigi ei saanud tema õpetusest täielikult aru.

138:7.3 (1544.2) Jesus now recounted for them the coming of John, the baptism in the Jordan, the marriage feast at Cana, the recent choosing of the six, and the withdrawal from them of his own brothers in the flesh, and warned them that the enemy of the kingdom would seek also to draw them away. After this short but earnest talk the apostles all arose, under Peter’s leadership, to declare their undying devotion to their Master and to pledge their unswerving loyalty to the kingdom, as Thomas expressed it, “To this coming kingdom, no matter what it is and even if I do not fully understand it.” They all truly believed in Jesus, even though they did not fully comprehend his teaching.

Nüüd küsis Jeesus, kui palju neil on kokku raha ja kuidas nad on korraldanud oma perede eest hoolitsemise. Kui selgus, et neil on vaevalt nii palju raha, et end kaks nädalat elatada, ütles ta: „See pole minu Isa tahe, et me oma tööd nii alustaksime. Jääme siia järve äärde kaheks nädalaks ja püüame kala või teeme midagi muud, mida meie käed teha leiavad, ning vahepeal korraldage Andrease, esimesena valitud apostli juhendamisel oma elu selliselt, et teil oleks tulevaseks tööks kõik vajalik olemas, nii praeguseks isikliku hoolekande tööks kui ka hilisemaks ajaks, kui ma käsin teil evangeeliumi jutlustada ja usklikke õpetada.” Need sõnad rõõmustasid kõiki väga, see oli nende jaoks esimene selge ja positiivne vihje, et Jeesus kavatseb hiljem aktiivsemat ja pretensioonikamat avalikku tööd alustada.

138:7.4 (1544.3) Jesus now asked them how much money they had among them; he also inquired as to what provision had been made for their families. When it developed that they had hardly sufficient funds to maintain themselves for two weeks, he said: “It is not the will of my Father that we begin our work in this way. We will remain here by the sea two weeks and fish or do whatever our hands find to do; and in the meantime, under the guidance of Andrew, the first chosen apostle, you shall so organize yourselves as to provide for everything needful in your future work, both for the present personal ministry and also when I shall subsequently ordain you to preach the gospel and instruct believers.” They were all greatly cheered by these words; this was their first clear-cut and positive intimation that Jesus designed later on to enter upon more aggressive and pretentious public efforts.

Päeva ülejäänud osa parandasid apostlid oma eluolu ning otsisid paate ja võrke järgmisel päeval kalale minemiseks, sest nad kõik olid otsustanud end kalapüügile pühendada — enamik neist olid olnud kalurid, ka Jeesus ise oli kogenud paadisõitja ja kalur. Paljud paadid, mida nad järgnevatel aastatel kasutasid, olid ehitatud Jeesuse enda kätega. Need olid head ning kindlad paadid.

138:7.5 (1544.4) The apostles spent the remainder of the day perfecting their organization and completing arrangements for boats and nets for embarking on the morrow’s fishing as they had all decided to devote themselves to fishing; most of them had been fishermen, even Jesus was an experienced boatman and fisherman. Many of the boats which they used the next few years had been built by Jesus’ own hands. And they were good and trustworthy boats.

Jeesus veenis neid pühenduma kaheks nädalaks kalapüügile, lisades: „Siis siirdute te inimesi püüdma.” Nad kalastasid kolmes rühmas, kusjuures Jeesus läks igal õhtul välja erineva rühmaga. Neile kõigile meeldis nii väga Jeesusega koos olla! Ta oli hea kalur, rõõmsameelne kaaslane ja innustav sõber; mida rohkem nad koos temaga töötasid, seda enam nad teda armastasid. Matteus ütles ühel päeval: „Mida rohkem te mõnest inimesest aru saate, seda vähem teda imetlete, kuid selle mehega on nii, et mida vähem ma temast aru saan, seda rohkem ma teda armastan.”

138:7.6 (1544.5) Jesus enjoined them to devote themselves to fishing for two weeks, adding, “And then will you go forth to become fishers of men.” They fished in three groups, Jesus going out with a different group each night. And they all so much enjoyed Jesus! He was a good fisherman, a cheerful companion, and an inspiring friend; the more they worked with him, the more they loved him. Said Matthew one day: “The more you understand some people, the less you admire them, but of this man, even the less I comprehend him, the more I love him.”

Seda plaani, mille kohaselt kaks nädalat püüti kala ja seejärel mindi kaheks nädalaks kuningriigi heaks isiklikku tööd tegema, järgiti enam kui viis kuud, päris selle, 26. aasta lõpuni, mil pärast Johannese vangistamist lakkas tema jüngrite erakordne tagakiusamine.

138:7.7 (1545.1) This plan of fishing two weeks and going out to do personal work in behalf of the kingdom for two weeks was followed for more than five months, even to the end of this year of A.D. 26, until after the cessation of those special persecutions which had been directed against John’s disciples subsequent to his imprisonment.

8. Kaheteistkümne esimene töö

8. First Work of the Twelve

Kui esimese kahe nädala kalasaagid olid müüdud, jaotas Juudas Iskariot, kes oli valitud kaheteistkümne varahoidjaks, apostlite raha kuueks võrdseks osaks, sest nende perede eest oli juba hoolt kantud. Kui hakkas saabuma augusti keskpaik 26. a pKr, läksid nad kahekaupa tööle aladele, mis Andreas neile määras. Esimesed kaks nädalat liikus Jeesus koos Andrease ja Peetrusega, järgmised kaks nädalat Jaakobuse ja Johannesega ja nii edasi kõigi ülejäänud paaridega nende valitud järjekorras. Nii sai ta minna välja vähemalt korra iga paariga, enne kui nad nende avaliku teenistuse alustamiseks jälle kokku kutsus.

138:8.1 (1545.2) After disposing of the fish catches of two weeks, Judas Iscariot, the one chosen to act as treasurer of the twelve, divided the apostolic funds into six equal portions, funds for the care of dependent families having been already provided. And then near the middle of August, in the year A.D. 26, they went forth two and two to the fields of work assigned by Andrew. The first two weeks Jesus went out with Andrew and Peter, the second two weeks with James and John, and so on with the other couples in the order of their choosing. In this way he was able to go out at least once with each couple before he called them together for the beginning of their public ministry.

Jeesus õpetas neid jutlustama pattude andekssaamist Jumalasse uskumise kaudu ilma patukahetsuse ja ohverdamiseta ning seda, et taevane Isa armastab kõiki oma lapsi sama igavese armastusega. Ta keelas oma apostleid arutamast:

138:8.2 (1545.3) Jesus taught them to preach the forgiveness of sin through faith in God without penance or sacrifice, and that the Father in heaven loves all his children with the same eternal love. He enjoined his apostles to refrain from discussing:

1. Ristija Johannese tööd ja vangistamist;

138:8.3 (1545.4) 1. The work and imprisonment of John the Baptist.

2. ristimisel kuuldud häält. Jeesus ütles: „Häälele võivad viidata ainult need, kes seda häält kuulsid. Rääkige vaid sellest, mida te olete minult kuulnud, ärge rääkige kuuldustest”;

138:8.4 (1545.5) 2. The voice at the baptism. Said Jesus: “Only those who heard the voice may refer to it. Speak only that which you have heard from me; speak not hearsay.”

3. vee muutumist veiniks Kaana pulmas. Jeesus manitses neid tõsiselt: „ärge rääkige kellelegi veest ja veinist.”

138:8.5 (1545.6) 3. The turning of the water into wine at Cana. Jesus seriously charged them, saying, “Tell no man about the water and the wine.”

Need viis-kuus koosveedetud kuud oli neile imeline aeg, mil nad töötasid iga kahe nädala järel kaluritena, teenides endale piisavalt raha igaks järgmiseks nädalaks, mis nad taevariigi heaks misjonitööd tegid.

138:8.6 (1545.7) They had wonderful times throughout these five or six months during which they worked as fishermen every alternate two weeks, thereby earning enough money to support themselves in the field for each succeeding two weeks of missionary work for the kingdom.

Lihtrahvas imetles Jeesuse ja tema apostlite õpetust ja teenimist. Rabid olid õpetanud juutidele juba ammu, et harimatud ei saa olla vagad ega õiglased. Ent Jeesuse apostlid olid ühtaegu vagad ja õiglased; samas ei vaevanud nad oma pead selle üle, et ei teadnud suurt osa rabide õpetustest ega maailma tarkusest.

138:8.7 (1545.8) The common people marveled at the teaching and ministry of Jesus and his apostles. The rabbis had long taught the Jews that the ignorant could not be pious or righteous. But Jesus’ apostles were both pious and righteous; yet they were cheerfully ignorant of much of the learning of the rabbis and the wisdom of the world.

Jeesus selgitas oma apostlitele, mis vahe on juutide õpetatud niinimetatud heategude kaudu toimuva meeleparanduse ja usust — uuestisünnist — tuleneva meelemuutuse vahel, mida ta nõudis taevariiki pääsemise hinnana. Ta õpetas oma apostlitele, et usk on Isa taevariiki astumise ainus tingimus. Johannes oli neile õpetanud „meeleparandust — põgenemist tulevase viha eest”. Jeesus õpetas: „Usk on avali uks Jumala praegusesse, täiuslikku ja igavesse armastusse astumiseks”. Jeesus ei rääkinud nagu prohvet, kes tuleb Jumala sõna kuulutama. Ta näis rääkivat enda nimel kui keegi, kel on meelevald. Jeesus püüdis viia nende meele imede otsimiselt tõelise ja isikliku kogemuse leidmisele sisimas elava Jumala armastuse ja päästva armulisuse vaimu pakutava rahuldus- ja kindlustunde kaudu.

138:8.8 (1545.9) Jesus made plain to his apostles the difference between the repentance of so-called good works as taught by the Jews and the change of mind by faith — the new birth — which he required as the price of admission to the kingdom. He taught his apostles that faith was the only requisite to entering the Father’s kingdom. John had taught them “repentance — to flee from the wrath to come.” Jesus taught, “Faith is the open door for entering into the present, perfect, and eternal love of God.” Jesus did not speak like a prophet, one who comes to declare the word of God. He seemed to speak of himself as one having authority. Jesus sought to divert their minds from miracle seeking to the finding of a real and personal experience in the satisfaction and assurance of the indwelling of God’s spirit of love and saving grace.

Jüngrid nägid juba varakult, et Meister tunneb sügavat lugupidamist ja osavõtlikku austust iga inimolendi suhtes, keda ta kohtab, ja neile jättis väga sügava mulje see püsiv ja muutumatu tähelepanu, mida ta alati osutas kõigile meestele, naistele ja lastele. Ta võis katkestada sügava arutelu, et minna tee peale rääkima julgustavaid sõnu mööduvale naisele, kelle kehal ja hingel oli raske koorem. Ta võis keset tõsist nõupidamist apostlitega neid segama tulnud lapsega vennalikult suhelda. Mitte miski ei paistnud Jeesusele kunagi tähtsam kui inimene, kes tema läheduses juhtus olema. Ta oli meister ja õpetaja, kuid veelgi enam — ta oli ka sõber ja ligimene, arusaav kaaslane.

138:8.9 (1545.10) The disciples early learned that the Master had a profound respect and sympathetic regard for every human being he met, and they were tremendously impressed by this uniform and unvarying consideration which he so consistently gave to all sorts of men, women, and children. He would pause in the midst of a profound discourse that he might go out in the road to speak good cheer to a passing woman laden with her burden of body and soul. He would interrupt a serious conference with his apostles to fraternize with an intruding child. Nothing ever seemed so important to Jesus as the individual human who chanced to be in his immediate presence. He was master and teacher, but he was more — he was also a friend and neighbor, an understanding comrade.

Ehkki Jeesus kasutas oma avalikus õpetamistöös põhiliselt mõistujutte ja lühijutlusi, õpetas ta oma apostleid alati küsimuste ja vastuste kaudu. Oma hilisemate avalike jutluste ajal tavatses ta iga kord jutu katkestada, et vastata siiratele küsimustele.

138:8.10 (1546.1) Though Jesus’ public teaching mainly consisted in parables and short discourses, he invariably taught his apostles by questions and answers. He would always pause to answer sincere questions during his later public discourses.

Jeesuse suhtumine naistesse algul ehmatas apostleid, kuid nad harjusid sellega varakult, sest ta selgitas neile põhjalikult, et naistele tuleb anda taevariigis meestega võrdsed õigused.

138:8.11 (1546.2) The apostles were at first shocked by, but early became accustomed to, Jesus’ treatment of women; he made it very clear to them that women were to be accorded equal rights with men in the kingdom.

9. Viis kuud järelekatsumist

9. Five Months of Testing

See mõnevõrra monotoonne aeg, mil kalapüük vaheldus isikliku tööga, osutus kaheteistkümnele apostlile kurnavaks katsumuseks, kuid nad pidasid proovile vastu. Vaatamata kõigile nurinatele, kahtlustele ja mööduvatele rahulolematuseperioodidele jäid nad Meistrile antud andumus-ja ustavusvannetele truuks. Isiklik suhe Jeesusega neil järelekatsumiskuudel pani nad teda nii armastama, et nad kõik (peale Juudas Iskarioti) jäid talle ustavaks ja truuks ka kohtumõistmise ja ristilöömise süngetel tundidel. Tõelised mehed lihtsalt ei suuda hüljata austatud õpetajat, kes on elanud nendega nii lähedastes suhetes ja olnud neile nii pühendunud kui Jeesus. Meistri surma süngetel tundidel taandus nende apostlite südameis kogu arutlus-ja otsustusvõime ning loogika lugupidavalt vaid ühe erakordse inimliku emotsiooni — ülima sõpruse ja ustavuse ees. Nende viie kuu jooksul, mil nad koos Jeesusega töötasid, hakkas igaüks neist pidama teda oma parimaks sõbraks kogu maailmas. Just see inimlik tunne, mitte niivõrd tema suurepärased õpetused või imelised teod, hoidis neid koos isegi pärast tema ülestõusmist ja taevariigi evangeeliumi kuulutamise uuestialustamist.

138:9.1 (1546.3) This somewhat monotonous period of alternate fishing and personal work proved to be a grueling experience for the twelve apostles, but they endured the test. With all of their grumblings, doubts, and transient dissatisfactions they remained true to their vows of devotion and loyalty to the Master. It was their personal association with Jesus during these months of testing that so endeared him to them that they all (save Judas Iscariot) remained loyal and true to him even in the dark hours of the trial and crucifixion. Real men simply could not actually desert a revered teacher who had lived so close to them and had been so devoted to them as had Jesus. Through the dark hours of the Master’s death, in the hearts of these apostles all reason, judgment, and logic were set aside in deference to just one extraordinary human emotion — the supreme sentiment of friendship-loyalty. These five months of work with Jesus led these apostles, each one of them, to regard him as the best friend he had in all the world. And it was this human sentiment, and not his superb teachings or marvelous doings, that held them together until after the resurrection and the renewal of the proclamation of the gospel of the kingdom.

Need kuud täis vaikset tööd olid rängaks katsumuseks apostlitele, kes selle proovi läbi tegid, ja see avaliku tegevuse katkemise aeg pani tõsiselt proovile ka Jeesuse perekonna kannatuse. Kui Jeesus valmistus oma avalikku tööd alustama, oli kogu tema pere (peale Ruti) ta tegelikult hüljanud. Nad püüdsid hiljem vaid paaril korral temaga kontakti astuda ning ka siis üksnes selleks, et veenda teda koju tagasi pöörduma, sest nad peaaegu uskusid, et ta on aru kaotanud. Nad lihtsalt ei suutnud tema filosoofiat ega õpetusi mõista, tema enda lähedastele käis see üle jõu.

138:9.2 (1546.4) Not only were these months of quiet work a great test to the apostles, a test which they survived, but this season of public inactivity was a great trial to Jesus’ family. By the time Jesus was prepared to launch forth on his public work, his entire family (except Ruth) had practically deserted him. On only a few occasions did they attempt to make subsequent contact with him, and then it was to persuade him to return home with them, for they came near to believing that he was beside himself. They simply could not fathom his philosophy nor grasp his teaching; it was all too much for those of his own flesh and blood.

Apostlid tegid oma isiklikku tööd Kapernaumas, Betsaidas-Juliases, Korasinis, Gerasas, Hipposes, Magdalas, Kaanas, Galilea Petlemmas, Jotapatas, Raamas, Safedis, Gisalas, Gadaras ja Abilas. Lisaks neile linnadele töötasid nad ka paljudes külades ja maapiirkondades. Selle perioodi lõpuks olid need kaksteist oma perede eest hoolitsemiseks üsna rahuldavad kavad välja mõelnud. Enamik apostleid oli abielus, mõnel oli ka mitu last, kuid nad olid oma koduste toetamise niimoodi korraldanud, et apostlite rahatagavarast veidi lisaabi saanud, võisid nad pühendada kogu oma energia Meistri tööle, ilma et oleksid pidanud oma perede rahalise olukorra pärast muretsema.

138:9.3 (1546.5) The apostles carried on their personal work in Capernaum, Bethsaida-Julias, Chorazin, Gerasa, Hippos, Magdala, Cana, Bethlehem of Galilee, Jotapata, Ramah, Safed, Gischala, Gadara, and Abila. Besides these towns they labored in many villages as well as in the countryside. By the end of this period the twelve had worked out fairly satisfactory plans for the care of their respective families. Most of the apostles were married, some had several children, but they had made such arrangements for the support of their home folks that, with some little assistance from the apostolic funds, they could devote their entire energies to the Master’s work without having to worry about the financial welfare of their families.

10. Kaheteistkümne töökorraldus

10. Organization of the Twelve

Apostlid korraldasid oma töö algul järgmiselt:

138:10.1 (1547.1) The apostles early organized themselves in the following manner:

1. Andreas, esimesena valitud apostel, määrati kaheteistkümne juhiks ja üldsuunajaks;

138:10.2 (1547.2) 1. Andrew, the first chosen apostle, was designated chairman and director general of the twelve.

2. Peetrus, Jaakobus ja Johannes määrati Jeesuse isiklikeks kaaslasteks. Nad pidid tema eest nii ööl kui päeval hoolt kandma, hoolitsema tema füüsiliste ja muude vajaduste eest ja olema talle seltsiks tema öistel palvetamistel ja salapäraste ühenduste ajal taevase Isaga;

138:10.3 (1547.3) 2. Peter, James, and John were appointed personal companions of Jesus. They were to attend him day and night, to minister to his physical and sundry needs, and to accompany him on those night vigils of prayer and mysterious communion with the Father in heaven.

3. Filippus seati rühma majandusülemaks. Tema ülesandeks oli hankida toitu ja vaadata, et külalistel ja vahel isegi kuulajate hulkadel midagi süüa oleks;

138:10.4 (1547.4) 3. Philip was made steward of the group. It was his duty to provide food and to see that visitors, and even the multitude of listeners at times, had something to eat.

4. Naatanael kandis hoolt kaheteistkümne perekondade vajaduste eest. Ta sai iga apostli perekonna vajaduste kohta korrapäraselt aruande, taotles varahoidja Juudaselt raha ning saatis seda iga nädal abivajajatele;

138:10.5 (1547.5) 4. Nathaniel watched over the needs of the families of the twelve. He received regular reports as to the requirements of each apostle’s family and, making requisition on Judas, the treasurer, would send funds each week to those in need.

5. Matteus oli apostlikorpuse eelarveülem. Tema ülesandeks oli jälgida, et eelarve oleks tasakaalus ja et kassa uuesti täituks. Kui vastastikuse toetuse summasid polnud enam tulemas, kui ülalpidamiseks ei saadud piisavalt annetusi, siis oli Matteus volitatud saatma kahtteistkümmet mõneks ajaks tagasi oma kalavõrkude juurde. Aga see ei olnud kunagi vajalik pärast seda, kui nad oma avalikku tööd alustasid: siis oli tal varahoidja käes alati küllaldane tagavara, et nende tegevust rahastada;

138:10.6 (1547.6) 5. Matthew was the fiscal agent of the apostolic corps. It was his duty to see that the budget was balanced, the treasury replenished. If the funds for mutual support were not forthcoming, if donations sufficient to maintain the party were not received, Matthew was empowered to order the twelve back to their nets for a season. But this was never necessary after they began their public work; he always had sufficient funds in the treasurer’s hands to finance their activities.

6. Toomas oli rännakute korraldaja. Tema ülesanne oli leida peavarju ja valida kohad, kus õpetada ja jutlustada, tagades reisi sujuva ja jõudsa kulgemise vastavalt plaanidele;

138:10.7 (1547.7) 6. Thomas was manager of the itinerary. It devolved upon him to arrange lodgings and in a general way select places for teaching and preaching, thereby insuring a smooth and expeditious travel schedule.

7. Jaakobus ja Juudas, Alfeuse kaksikpojad, määrati rahvahulkade juhtideks. Nende ülesanne oli leida piisavalt abistavaid kohanäitajaid, kes rahva seas jutlustamise ajal korda hoiaksid;

138:10.8 (1547.8) 7. James and Judas the twin sons of Alpheus were assigned to the management of the multitudes. It was their task to deputize a sufficient number of assistant ushers to enable them to maintain order among the crowds during the preaching.

8. Seloot Siimonile anti ülesanne hoolitseda meelelahutuse ja mängude eest. Tema korraldas tegevust kolmapäeviti ja püüdis iga päev paariks tunniks lõõgastust ja meelelahutust pakkuda;

138:10.9 (1547.9) 8. Simon Zelotes was given charge of recreation and play. He managed the Wednesday programs and also sought to provide for a few hours of relaxation and diversion each day.

9. Juudas Iskariot määrati varahoidjaks. Tema käes oli rahakott. Juudas maksis kinni kõik kulutused ja pidas arvet. Ta koostas nädalast nädalasse Matteusele eelarveid ja Andreasele iganädalasi aruandeid. Juudas maksis raha välja Andrease loaga.

138:10.10 (1547.10) 9. Judas Iscariot was appointed treasurer. He carried the bag. He paid all expenses and kept the books. He made budget estimates for Matthew from week to week and also made weekly reports to Andrew. Judas paid out funds on Andrew’s authorization.

Nii töötasid need kaksteist oma algusest peale kehtinud töökorralduse järgi ajani, mil see tuli reetur Juudase lahkumise tõttu ümber korraldada. Meister ja tema jüngrid-apostlid jätkasid selle lihtsa töökorraldusega kuni pühapäevani, 12. jaanuarini 27. a pKr, mil Jeesus nad kokku kutsus ja ametlikult kuningriigi saadikuteks ja oma rõõmusõnumite jutlustajateks ametisse pühitses. Varsti pärast seda valmistusid nad minema Jeruusalemma ja Juudamaale oma esimesele avalikule jutlustamisreisile.

138:10.11 (1547.11) In this way the twelve functioned from their early organization up to the time of the reorganization made necessary by the desertion of Judas, the betrayer. The Master and his disciple-apostles went on in this simple manner until Sunday, January 12, A.D. 27, when he called them together and formally ordained them as ambassadors of the kingdom and preachers of its glad tidings. And soon thereafter they prepared to start for Jerusalem and Judea on their first public preaching tour.





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